Presentation on theme: "What are the Elements of Art?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What are the Elements of Art? The Elements of Art are the “tools” that artists use to make art. There are 7 of them: Line Value Texture Shape Form Space Color
2 LineAn element of art defined as the path of a moving point. There are 5 main types of LINE. - Horizontal - Vertical - Diagonal - Zig-Zag - Curved
3 Horizontal Lines - run parallel to the ground (west to east) - appear to be at restFrank Lloyd Wright's architectural style shows a strong horizontal line which stress the relationship of the structure to the land
4 Vertical lines - run up & down (north to south) - show strength, dignity & formalityVertical lines communicate a feeling of loftiness and spirituality. Straight vertical lines seem to extend upwards beyond human reach, toward the sky.
5 Diagonal lines- slanted at an angle- signal action or excitement
6 Zig-Zag lines - are made from combined diagonal lines - create a feeling of confusion or suggest action
7 Curved lines - rounded & have soft edges - express movement in a calm graceful, flowing way.
18 TextureIs an Element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as though they might feel if touched. There are two types of textures: Actual Implied
19 Actual or Tactile Texture is the way the surface of an object actually feels.If you touch sandpaper it would FEEL rough.If you touch a cotton ball it would FEEL soft.
20 Implied or Visual Texture is the way the surface of an object looks like it feels. This is the type of texture that artists use when they draw and paint. For example an artist might draw a lot of tiny dots to make something appear to be sandy.
21 How Artists Use Texture Artists use lines & shapes that create patterns to imply texture.Artists use thick paint to build up the surface of a painting to make it look rough.Artists can use tools to scratch the surface of clay or wood.Artists can use different media- like glossy paint to make something look shiny or smooth.
24 ColorIs an element of art derived from reflected light. Color is what the eye sees when light is reflected off an object.There are 7 colors in a rainbow:Red, Orange, Yellow,Green, Blue, Indigo &VioletRemember the anagram:ROY G BIV
25 Color WheelIn the 18th century a scientist named Sir Isaac Newton developed this wheel to help organize the colors.
26 Color There are 3 primary colors: Red, Yellow and Blue - They can’t be mixed to be made- They make all of the other colors on the color wheel
27 Color There are 3 secondary colors: Green, Orange, and Violet -They are made by mixing 2 primary colors.
29 Color Mixing2 primary colors = secondary color.Red + Blue = Violet
30 Color Mixing2 primary colors = secondary color.Yellow + Blue = Green
31 Color MixingWhen you mix a primary and a secondary color you get an intermediate (or tertiary) color. Red + Orange= Red-Orange Yellow + Green= Yellow-Green Blue + Green= Blue-Green Red + Violet= Red-Violet Yellow + Orange= Yellow-Orange Blue + Violet= Blue-Violet
32 Color Schemes(A color plan) - Artists use colors in certain combinations called color schemes. - Color Schemes can help set the mood of a painting.
33 Color Schemes4 colors “next-door-neighbors” to each other creates an analogous color schemeNotice how they all share the primary color- yellow
34 Color schemes2 colors that are directly opposite each other or 6 spaces away creates a complementary color scheme
35 Color SchemesA Split-Complementary color scheme is a complementary color and the two colors on either side of its complement.
36 Color SchemesA Triadic color scheme uses 3 colors that are equally spaced apart on the color wheel
37 Color SchemesWhen you use only one color plus its tints and shades, you are using a monochromatic color scheme A tint is a color plus white A tone is a color plus grey A shade is a color plus black
38 Color SchemesWarm colors are those that have Reds, Yellows and Oranges.Cool colors are those that have Blues, Greens and Violets.
39 ValueIs an element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a color. Value can be used to make objects appear more real because they imitate natural light.
40 Ways value can be added: Cross-Hatching or Hatching is when you use line to create value. The closer together the lines are placed, the darker the value.
41 Ways value can be added: Stippling is when you use Tiny dots. The closer together the Dots are placed, the darker the value.
42 Ways value can be added: Blending Blending is the technique of mixing colors so that there is a gentle and gradual transition from one to the other.
43 ValueTint = mixing in white Tone= mixing in grey Shade= mixing in black
44 Valuea successful drawing or painting will show a full range of value. lights middle tones darks
45 FormIs an element of art that refers to an object with 3 dimensions.
46 Form - Forms are 3D - Forms have HEIGHT, WIDTH & DEPTH. - Depth shows the thickness of the object.- Forms are NOT flat like shapes are!
47 There are 6 basic formsCubePrismConePyramidCylinderSphere
48 Turning Shapes into Forms A square can become a cube A rectangle can become a prism
49 Turning Shapes into Forms A triangle becomes a cone or a pyramid
50 Turning Shapes into Forms A rectangle can also become a cylinder.
51 Turning Shapes into Forms A circle becomes a sphere by shading.
53 Space Artists use space to help organize a picture. Is an element of art that refers to the distance between, around, above, below & within objects.Artists use space to help organize a picture.There are 2 main types of SPACE:+ POSITIVE- NEGATIVE
54 Space+Positive Space are the actual objects within an artwork. -Negative Space is the area in and around the objects. Also the “background”.
55 Space- How do artists create space? Artists use perspective to show a sense of SPACE.
56 Space- How do artists create space? Artists will sometimes overlap objects to show a sense of SPACE.
57 Space- How do artists create space? Artists will sometimes use size & scale to show a sense of SPACE.
58 Space- How do artists create space? Artists will sometimes use color to create space.Cool colors seem to recede (or go back into) an artwork.Warm colors seem to advance (or come forward) in an artwork.
59 Space- How do artists create space? Artists can use object placement to create space.BackgroundMid-groundForeground
60 The Elements of Art in Review The Elements of Art are the “tools” that artists use to make art. They are the basic “foundation” of a good composition Line Value Texture Shape Form Space Color