Last month… What is welfare? Well-being/Being well Anthropomorphism Perceptions & Opinions: Animal Welfare –Personality –Experience –Knowledge –Gender –Religion & Culture –Environment
Nature vs Nurture Evolution Taxonomy Natural Selection Domestication
The Five Freedoms 5 essential requirements for ALL animals. Provision of the 5 freedoms is allowing for the underlying needs of an animal. The Five Freedoms are now most commonly associated with UFAW (Universities Federation for Animal Welfare), but were originally produced from initial guideline from the Farm Animal Welfare Advisory Committee (est. 1967, later to become the Farm Animal Welfare Council in 1979) which recommended animals require the freedoms to:Farm Animal Welfare Council "stand up, lie down, turn around, groom themselves and stretch their limbs ”
Evaluating 5 Freedoms Freedom from Hunger and Thirst Optimal Welfare No provision of Freedom Good quality balanced diet appropriate to specie and life stage Clean fresh water available at all times Mechanism of provision Dehydrated Starved Malnourished Poor quality/less appropriate food Doing little harm, but little good Potentially prevent freedom from pain, injury and disease
Evaluating 5 Freedoms Freedom from Hunger and Thirst Optimal Welfare No provision of Freedom Over provision of Freedom Freedom from Pain, Injury & Disease? Freedom to exhibit normal behaviour?
Ignorance Space/Time/Money Experience/Observation Psychological/Sociological issue Why might we not provide the five freedoms to animals?
Ignorance Not doing research Trusting industry Not getting from responsible breeder Not educating themselves
Space, Time, Money Changes in personal circumstances: Move of House New Job Loss of Job Illness in Family Using animals for economic gain
Experience/Observation Have seen others do it…think it is ok! TV Internet First Hand
Psychological/Sociological Personality Personal Experience Emotional Stressors (Illness, Grieve) Peer pressure Experimental In appropriate relations Abuse sufferers Religion or culture Trying to do good! Animal Exploitation (for social gain)
What is not providing the five freedoms for animals? CRUELTY? “The deliberate and malicious infliction of mental or physical pain upon persons or animals.” “the infliction of physical pain or death upon an animal, when unnecessary for disciplinary, instructional, or humanitarian purposes, such as the release of the animal from incurable illness.” http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cruelty
How cruel? Animals in Circuses Dog Racing Horse Racing Bull Fighting Farming Vivisection Pet Keeping Physical Abuse Hunting Dog Fighting Neutering Tail docking Breeding Fishing Horse Riding Dog Training