We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byGreta Christon
Modified about 1 year ago
Chapter One: Definitions of Animal Cruelty, Abuse, and Neglect Randy Lockwood and Phil Arkow Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Introduction Animal cruelty is difficult to define. Laws reflect cultural norms. Historically, concern regarding animal cruelty focused on the loss of the use of the animal(s) as property, or on other harm to humans resulting from the animal cruelty. (e.g., St. Thomas Aquinas, Emmanuel Kant). Defining animal cruelty as an evil based on the harm to the animal itself is relatively recent. (e.g., Reverend Humphrey Primatt). Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Definitions of Terms Most state anti-cruelty statutes are composed of six elements: The types of animals protected The types of acts prohibited or duties of care required The mental culpability required to meet a standard of liability The defenses to criminal liability Certain activities exempted from the law Penalties for each offense Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Definitions Dimensions affecting societal and legal response to cruel acts The intrinsic or extrinsic value of the animal victim The deviant nature of the act itself Public and professional recognition of the victims’ capacity for stress, pain, fear, or suffering The financial costs of enforcement Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Definitions Acts of animal cruelty may be individualized versus institutionalized. Most cases reported to humane law enforcement agencies are cases of neglect, rather than abuse. Definitions of animal cruelty vary between countries and even between time periods in one country. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Perspectives on Definitions Scholars have been unsuccessful in coming up with a definition thus far. Felthous and Kellert’s (1987) definition had inherent problems. – Substantial cruelty to animals is a “pattern of deliberately, repeatedly, and unnecessarily hurting vertebrate animals in a manner likely to cause serious injury.” Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Perspectives on Definitions Ascione (1993) defined animal cruelty as “socially unacceptable behavior that intentionally causes unnecessary pain, suffering, or distress to and/or death of an animal.” Ascione and Shapiro (2009) defined animal abuse. – They changed the term from “cruelty” to “abuse.” – They added “non-accidental” to fit with the new veterinary forensics terminology (Non-Accidental Injury or NAI). – They eliminated the word “intentionally.” Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Government Panels The Brambell Commission in UK (led by Prof. Brambell) investigated the welfare farmed animals. The Farm Animal Welfare Council codified the Five Freedoms: – Freedom from hunger and thirst – Freedom from discomfort – Freedom from pain, injury, and disease – Freedom to express normal behavior – Freedom from fear and distress Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Public Opinion Morgan (1983) described a continuum of public attitudes toward animals. – Radical attitudes—Animal Liberation and activist Animal Rights – Centrist attitudes—Animal Welfare and Animal Control – Conservative attitudes—Animal Use and Animal Exploitation Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Legislation and Law Enforcement Anti-cruelty statutes are most often found among offenses against public morals, order, and decency (with little focus on the victim). Animal welfare laws vary from state to state, and are ever-changing. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
The full set of PowerPoint slides is available upon adoption. for more information.
Animal Rights and Welfare. Animal Rights Animal rights, also referred to as animal liberation, is the idea that the most basic interests of animals should.
Chapter 1 Introduction Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
FCND PART I: INTRODUCTION (CHAPTERS 1 AND 2) CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Thinking Intelligently About Animal Agriculture What is the difference between animal rights and animal welfare?
ANIMAL WELFARE ELISTA Education The Five Freedoms & Anthrozoology.
FCND2 Part I: Introduction (Chapters 1 and 2) Chapter 1: Introduction Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
1 CHAPTER 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO THEORY COPYRIGHT © 2015 CAROLINA ACADEMIC PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
What are Your Rights as Children?. Learning Objectives: To understand that we all have rights which are defined by law To understand that you have specific.
GENDER ISSUES AND INTERNATIONAL LAW Overview of the Course: Text: International Womens Rights, Equality, and Justice Research paper & oral presentation.
Risk Management in Sport: Issues and Strategies, 3 rd Edition Chapter 1 Introduction Herb Appenzeller Copyright © 2013 Herb Appenzeller. All rights reserved.
How Humane Education is Applicable to the School Curriculum ?
Chapter Fourteen Negligence and Intentional Torts This multimedia presentation and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.
© 2005 CDHS College Relations Group Buffalo State College/SUNY at Buffalo Research Foundation Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) & Child Welfare Module One.
Swiss Animal Law Developments and International Comparison Dr. Gieri Bolliger Foundation for the Animal in the Law Conference «Animal Law and Ethics» Zurich,
Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved. Unit 4 Ethical and Legal Issues Affecting the Nursing Assistant.
Jessica Walker INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL WELFARE. Welfare is an individuals state as regards to its attempts to cope with its environment (Broom 1986).
Law Enforcement Response. Historically ● Beating one’s wife was not a crime ● Police were not allowed to make arrests in misdemeanor cases - - UNLESS.
Chapter 4 Ethics and Laws Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Law and Morality. The relationship between law and morality There is a close relationship between law and morality for both functional and historical.
Inside Criminal Law. Written Sources of American Criminal Law American criminal law is codified, or written down and accessible to all. This allows.
3Chapter SECTION OPENER / CLOSER: INSERT BOOK COVER ART What Is a Crime? Section 3.1.
© CommNet 2013 Education Phase 3 Food safety. © CommNet 2013 Objectives To know about food safety systems and how they are used for the safe production.
Chapter 1: Ohio’s Criminal Justice System Chapter 1: Introduction and Ohio’s Place in the Nation Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
RESPECT for Animals *Animals are vulnerable *Animals are greatly affected by our actions *We are responsible to show care and compassion for all life,
Chapter 1: Background Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Chapter Eight Child Victims. Victimology: Legal, Psychological, and Social Perspectives, 3 rd ed. Wallace and Roberson © 2011 Pearson Higher Education,
Marie Angela Ratchford Chapter 1 Copyright © 2015 William G. Doerner. All rights reserved.
Animal Welfare Regulations 4-H Veterinary Science Extension Veterinary Medicine Texas AgriLife Extension Service College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical.
CRIMINAL LAW 1. Ahmed T. Ghandour.. VIOLENT CRIME.
Constitutional Limitations of Interviewing and Interrogations in American Policing by Ross Wolf, Charles Mesloh, Robert Wood Copyright © 2013 Ross Wolf,
Sutton Public Schools Anti-Bullying Law Overview.
ERIN CHRISTENSEN CHELSEA ARANUI. INTRODUCTION Today we will talk about Cases of animal neglect in New Zealand How the animal has been neglected Consequences.
Cats and Dogs and Elephants Oh My! Applying the Open Standards to an Animal Welfare-Based Conservation Organization.
CHAPTER 1 Overview of U.S. Legal Concepts Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
The African Children’s Charter Prof Julia Sloth-Nielsen.
Chapter 3 Tort Law. The Nature of Tort Law Based on the idea that……. Everyone has certain rights. Everyone has the duty to respect the rights of.
LECTURE 4 Theme: Fundamentals of criminal law.. PLAN 1. Criminal law. 2. Criminal law history. Criminal sanctions. 3. Criminal law in different countries.
3Chapter SECTION OPENER / CLOSER: INSERT BOOK COVER ART What Is a Crime?
Criminal Law Chapter 3. Classifications of Crimes Crime: –Considered an act against the public good Plaintiff: –The party that accuses a person of a crime.
Crime and Deviance Chapter 5. Crime and Deviance: Discussion Outline I. The Nature of Deviance II. Theories of Deviance III. Crime and the Criminal Justice.
Prepared by, Nicole Seng Lai Giea. Welfare? is the physical and psychological well- being of animals human concern for animal welfare or a position.
Chapter 1 Introduction to Cybercrime and Cyberterror Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Chapter 15 Collateral Consequences of Conviction, Pardon, and Restoration of Rights.
Social Science. Society has a set of rules, enforced by the government, called laws Only rules that everyone has to follow One of the basic principles.
Criminal Violence: Patterns, Causes, and Prevention Riedel and Welsh, Ch. 1 “Violence and Criminal Violence”
World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and Animal Welfare Presentation to the National Farm Animal Care Council May 13, 2010.
Criminal Law Sutton High School History & Social Sciences Department.
Chapter 8 Assault, Domestic Violence, Stalking and Elder Abuse.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.