2 Student Learning Objectives Identify ethics involved with animal production.Discuss animal welfare and animal rights issues.Identify important persons in the animals rights movement.Debate the issues concerning animal rights and welfare.Identify important dates and acts of legislation associated with animal welfare.Describe animals used for genetic engineering and biotechnology.
3 Terms Animal rights Animal welfare Biotechnology Confinement systems EcoterriousmFactory farmingHumanizeIntensive operationsSpecieismUnethicalvivisectionCloningEthicsGenetic engineering
4 History: page 32 Animal rights: Animal welfare: is the belief that animals have the same right to life and liberty as humans.Animals should not be exploitedAnimals should not be used for food, clothing, research, entertainment, etc.Vegetarian Vs. VeganAnimal welfare:is the belief that humans should provide animals with surroundings that meet their needs while under their control.Animals should be treated humanely (housing, nutrition, disease prevention, handling, slaughter, etc)Animals can be used for human purposes, but discomfort should be kept to a minimum
5 History: page 32Factory Farming: industrialized production of livestock including poultry (egg and meat), swine, cattle (dairy and beef).Pro Con
6 History First anticruelty law: 1828 New york (page 33 ASPCA: American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to AnimalsFirst humane societyNew YorkHenry BerghSave horses and mulesAnimal Transportation Act: 1906Humane Slaughter Act: 1958 amended in 1970sPublic Law Laboratory AnimalWelfare Act (AWA): 1966Horse Protection Act: 1970
7 Animal Welfare ActUnited States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is responsible for implementing regulationsUSDA sets standards for care, handling, housing, feeding, sanitation, ventilation, shelter, veterinary careCovers four categories:1. dog and cat breeders2. zoo and circuses and roadside menageries3. transportation of animals4. research facilities
8 Animal Rights Groups Animal Liberation Front (ALF) People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)
9 Current Issues: Do Animals have rights? Page 35 Ethics: involve examination of moral issues to determine right from wrong when dealing with human character and conduct.Specieism: the belief that any use of animals by human reflects a bias that humans are superior to animalsTo believe that animals have the same rights as humans is to humanize them.Most people do agree on the fact that animals should be raised free from pain and suffering.
10 Current Issues in Animal Production Many practices that ensure the well-being of animals are not economically feasible to producers and consumers.Facilities are set up to be profitable to the owners.Many consumers are not willing to pay extra for meat that animal-friendly production facilities would bring.
11 Current Issues in Animal Production Some major ethical issues involve the following:Use of confinement and small living areas for animals.Withholding of medical attention to decrease production costs.Slaughter of animals in view of other animals.Selection of animals for rapid growth that can also have other medical problems because of it.
12 Current issues in Animal Production Dehorning?Castration?De-beaking?Ear cropping?
15 Should Animals Be Used for Experimentation? Page 36
16 Should Hunting and Trapping Be Allowed? Page 39
17 What is the difference between animal rights and animal welfare? Like any view, it is one that is made based on your knowledge and feelings about a situation.As the size of farms increases and the number of farmers decreases fewer and fewer people have the opportunity to see how animals are raised.
18 What is the difference between animal rights and animal welfare? The debate over what animals need has been long and is far from over.Basically freedom from the following stresses are the focus of discussions: thirst, hunger, malnutrition, discomfort, pain, injury, disease, and mental suffering.
19 What issues are involved with using animals for genetic engineering and biotechnology? Biotechnology is the application of biology to technology.Often, biotechnology uses living cells and components to research advances in technology.Many different processes are used and several debates stem from these uses.The research done is used to benefit both animals and humans.
20 Genetic EngineeringGenetic engineering is the movement of genes from one cell to another.Improvement of feeds and breeds are two benefits genetic engineering will bring.Manipulation of genetics has also brought about cloning of animals.
21 Genetic Engineering Eight Cloned Cattle Cloning is creating exact duplicates of plants and animals.Modification of animals has caused great controversy over moral and spiritual grounds.Eight Cloned Cattle
22 Genetic EngineeringMany risks are involved with genetically engineering animals.Some risks include:Loss of genetic diversity could ariseSome modifications could have harmful consequences that will not be detected right awayNot foreseeing economic effects that could disturb the economyUse of animals to carry pathogens and infect humans could occur
23 Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Continued: Many precautions are being made to regulate genetic engineering.It is difficult to weigh advantages and disadvantages because this procedure has not been around for very long.
24 Review / Summary Identify ethics involved with animal production. Discuss animal welfare and animal rights issues.Describe animals used for genetic engineering and biotechnology.