2 Rival Plans for Reconstruction 12.1Rival Plans for Reconstruction
3 What does it mean?How does this famous quotation from Abraham Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural address show the goals of his plans for Reconstruction?
4 Lincoln’s words March 4, 1865“With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.” – Second Inaugural Address
5 What does it mean?How does this famous quotation from Abraham Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural address show the goals of his plans for Reconstruction?
6 How much did the war age the president? What do you notice about the change of his physical features in such a short time?
7 Lincoln’s 10% Plan (5 Points) 10% of voters of a state take a loyalty oath to the Union the could set up a new governmentState needs to abolish slavery and provide education for African-Americans = regain representation in CongressGrant pardons to former Confederate GeneralsCompensation for lost propertyNo requirement for social and political equality for African-Americans
8 Wade – Davis Bill (2 main differences) Radical Republicans are a faction that want to severely punish the SouthMajority of former Confederate stare’s voters must swear a loyalty oath to the Union.Guarantee of equality for African-AmericansWhat does Lincoln do to the bill?
9 An important noteThis is the beginning of a battle between the Executive and Legislative Branch for control of not only Reconstruction but overall power.
10 Government aids Freedom What was the Freedman’s Bureau’s goal?What were some actual things it did?
11 Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan Offers pardons and land restoration to former Confederates = loyalty oathStates ratify 13th AmendmentDraft a Constitution that abolishes SlaveryWhat was his reasoning behind the pardons?What were his views on and goals for African-Americans?
12 Southerners aim to restore old ways How did the Southern state conventions cause controversy?What were the Black Codes and what were some examples?
13 Congress fights backWhat happens when Southern reps arrive in Washington DC?What part of Congress’ Freedman’s Bureau plan leads to Johnson’s veto?What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866? What happened to it?
14 Radical reconstruction Let’s look at the quotation on P. 406The mid-term election of 1866 swings the make-up of Congress. The Radicals create a coalition that gives them a 2/3 majority in both houses. The battle for control begins!
15 Radical Reconstruction Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 (4 parts)1. Divides South into 5 military districts2. Sets up standards for state governments and recognition3. New state constitutions guarantee suffrage for African-Americans4. State must ratify the 14th Amendment
16 Johnsons impeachment (Turn to a partner) Why was he impeached?Let’s Review.1. What are 2 parts to the 14th Amendment?2. What did the 15th Amendment do?
17 Radical reconstruction 14th Amendment (4 points)1. Equal protection under the law2. No voting rights for African – Americans equals lost representation in the House.3. Bars Confederates from holding federal or state offices4. Also grants citizenship to anyone born on U.S. soil
18 We will do this in a chart with a partner. 12.2We will do this in a chart with a partner.
19 The End of Reconstruction 12.3The End of Reconstruction
20 The Nation Consdiers other Matters U.S. Grants becomes President in 1868 but his administration was known for corruption.Who was “Boss” Tweed?Bank failures lead to economic depression (1873)
21 Why did Reconstruction end? Why did Northern support evaporate?Supreme Court Cases1) Slaughterhouse Cases (1873) – What was the main ruling?2) USA v. Cruikshank (1875)
22 Why did Reconstruction end? How did Southern Whites regain power and supress African-American rights?Who were the redeemers?
23 The “Stolen” Election of 1876 Rutherford B. Hayesv.Samuel Tilden
24 Rutherford B. Hayes Republican His opponent was Samuel J. Tilden(Dem) Hayes was considered the underdog in this election
25 The Election Results There are 39 states in the Union. There is a total of 369 Electoral VotesThe majority needed was 185Tilden has 184 electoral votesHayes has 16520 electoral votes are disputed4 states are Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina and Oregon
27 The DecisionCongress sets up a special commission to decide the election5 US House Members, 5 Senators, and 5 Supreme Court JusticesThey vote on party lines - 8 Republicans and 7 Democrats means Hayes won
28 The DealThe federal troops would leave the South along with an end to Reconstruction.*Federal money sent to the South for a railroad and to improve rivers and harborsA conservative Southern Democrat would serve in Hayes’ cabinet.