Presentation on theme: "Quotes With malice toward none, with charity for all…let us bind up the nation’s wounds.. and achieve a just and lasting peace. Abraham Lincoln, Second."— Presentation transcript:
1 QuotesWith malice toward none, with charity for all…let us bind up the nation’s wounds.. and achieve a just and lasting peace.Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address“We hold it to be the duty of the government to inflict punishment on the rebels… The whole fabric of southern society must be changed.Thaddeus Stevens, “Radical Republican” leader of Congress
2 ReconstructionThe southern states were left embittered and devastated by the war.What kind of things were destroyed in the war?What problems did the nation have to solve?Quick Clip
3 ReconstructionAt the end of the war, there was no agreed-upon plan for ReconstructionLincoln -“charity for all” – States had never really left the Union, so quickly restore loyal state govts in the South and move onCongress’s Radical Republicans – “punish the South” and guarantee rights to former slavesAfter Lincoln’s assassination, Andrew Johnson becomes president. Johnson’s plan let the South in quickly, but did not protect rights of freed blacks
4 What did the Black Codes do? “All freedmen, free negroes, and mulattoes in this State, with no lawful employment or business, or found unlawful assembling themselves together either in the day or night shall be fined fifty dollars”How were African-Americans controlled in the South?
5 Battles over Reconstruction Congress battles with President Johnson onFreedman’s Bureau – social, legal helpCivil Rights Act – made racial discrim. illegalCongress passes bills Johnson vetoes them Congress overrides the vetoes14th Amendment – legal eq. and citizenshipJohnson tries to defeat the 14th Amendment– he fails! Republicans take over Congress!
6 Impeachment of the President Why was PresidentJohnson impeached?What was the outcome of the trial?
7 The Civil War Amendments- read the amendments on pgs and in your own words write what the amendments accomplished.13th14th15thCan you find the flaw in the 15th Amendment?Abolished slaveryCitizenship and equal legal protectionVoting rights
8 Reconstruction Act of 1867: Congress divides the South into military districts
9 Election of 1868 Ulysses S. Grant wins a close election Confederates were not allowed to voteSupport from carpetbaggers and scalawagsAnd for the 1st time…freed African-Americans
10 carpetbaggers – Northerners who came South after the war to help, or to make money Scalawags – Southerners who supported Reconstruction
11 Hiram Revels is the first African-American Senator Hiram Revels is the first African-American Senator. He served as the US Senator from Mississippi.
12 Opposition to Reconstruction Who might oppose Reconstruction?Who were the Redeemers? What did they do to oppose Reconstruction?Redeemers were Southern Democrats who wanted to retake control of their state governments –wanted Home Rule
13 The “Invisible Empire of the South” “Of course he wants to vote for the Democratic ticket”
15 The End of Reconstruction Why does support for Reconstruction end?Northerners have moved onPolitical scandals in Grant’s administrationEconomic problems: Panic of 1873After the 15th Amendment, many think the work is doneSupreme Court weakens the AmendmentsThe South regains control…
16 Compromise of 1877 The END of Reconstruction No one clearly wins the Presidential election – Hayes (R) v Tilden (D)Congress makes a deal:Republicans get Rutherford B. Hayes as president if the South gets:federal troops removedmoney for rail, rebuilding, projectsto govern themselves without Northerners
17 Word Maps Sharecropping Definition:Synonym:SharecroppingDrawing:A (good) sentence:Was sharecropping a good idea for landowners? For poor whites and freedmen?
18 ConclusionThe North and Midwest industrialized, but the South would remain a backward, agriculture-based economy and the poorest section of the nation for many decades.