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Constitutional Disputes and Crises CHAPTER 3, SECTION 5.

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Presentation on theme: "Constitutional Disputes and Crises CHAPTER 3, SECTION 5."— Presentation transcript:

1 Constitutional Disputes and Crises CHAPTER 3, SECTION 5

2 The Nullification Crisis  Protective tariffs (designed to protect northern industry) had angered the South for years. The Tariff of 1828 was no different.  The South nicknamed the Tariff of Abominations because it was especially high.  In 1832, South Carolina nullified the tariff.  They even threatened to secede from the Union if the tariff was not reduced.

3 The Crisis Resolved  Jackson generally supported states’ rights, but he did not support secession.  Jackson threatened to use federal troops against South Carolina. He had passed the Force Bill to give him whatever power necessary to collect taxes.  Ultimately, the tariff was lowered and SC ended the nullification process. This was the end to the Nullification Crisis of 1833.

4 The Bank War  Although Jackson did not side with the South on the issue of nullification, he did support Jeffersonian/agrarian principles.  Many Democrats saw the ‘new’ type of economy brought about corruption and greed.

5 The Bank War  When it came time for the re-chartering of the B.U.S. in 1832, Congress passed it, but Jackson used his power of veto.  Jackson saw it as dangerous and corrupt  ‘many headed hydra’  Jackson’s use of the veto shocked many of its supporters, because it had been used so infrequently.

6 The Whig Party Forms  Henry Clay and Daniel Webster (two Bank supporters) formed a new political party in 1832 known as the Whigs.  They wanted a strong federal government;  Favored protective tariffs, internal improvements and a national bank. (Sound familiar?)  Jackson was re-elected in 1836 and weakened the Bank by withdrawing all federal funds and placing them in state banks.  These were known as his ‘pet banks’.

7 Politics After Jackson  Without federal regulation, the state banks began producing more paper money than needed, causing inflation.  This led to the Panic of 1837.  When Martin Van Buren took over in 1837, there was a sharp drop in land prices.  This affected both planters/farmers as well as urban workers.  It was the worst depression the U.S. had experienced to date.

8 Whigs Rise to Power  The Panic led to the revival of the Whig Party.  They nominated William Henry Harrison (Old Tip), who won the electoral vote in a landslide.  It was a short-lived victory for the Whigs, though, when Harrison died from pneumonia. His vice president, John Tyler, rejected the Whig policies.

9 Components of a Resume  Objective --> tells what the goal of the resume is (what do you want?)  Education --> what is the educational background/schools attended  Experiences --> relevant to the job; what qualifies you to have this job?  Accomplishments --> awards; things you are proud of.  Weaknesses --> the non-highlights; things that could be improved

10 Review Today’s Topics 1) The passage of the ______________________ led to the Nullification Crisis of 1833. a) Tariff of 1828 b) Stamp Act c) Cotton tax d) Tariff of 1816 2) Why did Jackson veto the 2 nd Bank of the US’ charter? a) He felt it cost too much money b) He believed the economy was too unstable with a national bank c) He felt the bank encouraged corruption and greed d) He wanted to move funds from state banks to the national bank. Ticket-Out-the-Door: Did Jackson transform the presidency as an office? Why or why not?

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