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Doing things for yourself Review of Reflexive Prounouns.

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1 Doing things for yourself Review of Reflexive Prounouns

2 - A reflexive pronoun refers to the same person as the subject of the verb.

3 me te se nos os se

4 The reflexive pronoun se is attached to the infinitive of the verbs that are used reflexively: The reflexive pronoun se is attached to the infinitive of the verbs that are used reflexively: – lavarse-levantarse –ducharse -acostarse

5 Reflexive pronouns come before conjugated verb forms. ducharse – Reflexive pronouns come before conjugated verb forms. ducharse – ex: Me ducho. ex: Me ducho.

6 Conjugate this verb in “yo” form ducharse me ______ ducho duch+o te duchas

7 If you need the make the sentence negative, place the no in front of the reflexive pronoun (just like with gusta). Me ducho. I shower. No me ducho. I don’t shower.

8 ducharse – to shower me ducho te duchas se ducha nos duchamos os ducháis se duchan

9 lavarse – to wash up me lavo te lavas se lava nos lavamos os laváis se lavan

10 divertirse – to have fun (e  ie) me divierto te diviertes se divierte nos divertimos os divertís se divierten

11 acostarse – to go to bed (o  ue) me acuesto te acuestas se acuesta nos acostamos os acostáis se acuestan

12 despertarse – to wake up (e  ie) me despierto te despiertas se despierta nos despertamos os despertáis se despiertan

13 vestirse- to get dressed (e  i) me visto te vistes se viste nos vestimos os vestís se visten

14 Práctica ) se duerme 1) se duerme 2) me despierto 2) me despierto 3) nos divertimos 3) nos divertimos 4) se viste 4) se viste 5) se despiertan 5) se despiertan

15 Práctica ) se acuesta 6) se acuesta 7) se visten 7) se visten 8) Te diviertes 8) Te diviertes 9) me acuesto 9) me acuesto 10) se duermen 10) se duermen

16 lavarse lavarse yome lavo I wash (myself) túte lavas you wash (yourself) ud.se lava you wash (yourself) él/ellase lava he/she washes (him/herself) nosotros/asnos lavamos we wash (ourselves) vosotros/as os laváis you wash (yourselves) uds.se lavan you (pl.)wash (yourselves) ellos/ellasse lavan they wash (themselves)

17 -In verb combinations such as querer, poder and ir + infinitive, the reflexive pronoun may be attached to the infinitive. ex : Quiero despertarme temprano mañana. Me quiero despertar temprano.

18 - Many verbs that describe one’s daily routine require a reflexive pronoun in Spanish, even though the English equivalent may not use – self.

19 -Verbs that describe a physical or emotional change also require a reflexive pronoun. ex: dormirse (ue) –to fall asleep despertarse (ie) – to wake up enojarse – to get angry enfermarse – to get sick sentarse – to sit down

20 -Verbs whose English equivalent uses –self, such generally require a relexive pronoun in Spanish. ex: divertirse (ie) –to enjoy oneself comprarse - to buy oneself (something) mirarse – to look at oneself

21 - Some verbs that require reflexive pronouns are idiomatic such as : darse prisa – hurry up

22 -When the subject of the verb directs the action to someone or something else, the reflexive pronoun is not used. -lavar–to wash (someone/thing else) -lavarse- to wash oneself - despertar (ie)– to wake someone else up - despertarse (ie) - to wake up

23 Repaso: Use relexives verbs when:  using a verb whose English equivalent uses –self.  describing one’s daily routine.  describing a physical or emotional change.  Some idiomatic expressions.

24 Repaso:  Reflexive pronouns come before the conjugated verb.  Me ducho.  When the verb is used in the infinitive, attach the reflexive pronoun to the end.  Voy a ducharme.

25 Commands ¡No te levantes! Don’t get up! ¡No te levantes! Don’t get up! –(1) Take yo form –(2) Remove the –o –(3) Add opposite endings (-as/-es) ¡Levántate! Get up! ¡Levántate! Get up! –(1) Use the él/ella form of the verb

26 Present Progressive Tense (-ing, at this moment) Estoy lavándome el pelo. Estoy lavándome el pelo. Me estoy lavando el pelo. Me estoy lavando el pelo.


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