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Lesson I All About Nouns. Nouns are the names of persons places or things.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson I All About Nouns. Nouns are the names of persons places or things."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson I All About Nouns

2 Nouns are the names of persons places or things.

3 Latin Nouns Have 4 Features Case ---how a noun works in its sentence. Number ---whether a noun is singular or plural (singular=one, plural=more than one) Gender ---whether a noun is masculine, feminine, or neuter. Declension ---each noun belongs to one of the 5 declensions: groups of nouns that share the same pattern of endings

4 1 st Declension Nouns Let’s learn how to write a 1 st declension noun on its “declension chart.” A declension chart shows the noun in all its cases (spellings). For example…


6 In Latin, the use of the noun is determined by its case ending, not its place in the sentence. There are five cases: Nominative - subject and predicate nominative Genitive – possession Dative - indirect object Accusative - direct object Ablative – (various) Don’t worry about all these uses right now! We’ll be learning them one by one in the weeks ahead.

7 1 st Declension Nouns 1 st declension nouns end in –ae in their genitive form (the 2 nd form listed in the vocab list). Most 1 st declension nouns are feminine. aqua, aquae (feminine) :water

8 Step 1 – Find the noun stem The noun stem is found by dropping the genitive singular ending from the noun. Dictionary entry of a noun: Puella puellae, f. girl Nominative singular Genitive singular Gender Meaning Puellae – ae = puell Noun Stem

9 Finding noun stems aqua, aquae (f.) aqu- insula, insulae (f.) insul- silva, silvae (f.) silv- via, viae (f.) vi-

10 In Latin, the endings indicate the case of the noun. (Endings) Case Singular Plural Nominative -a -ae Genitive -ae -arum Dative -ae -is Accusative -am -as Ablative -ā-is Example: insularum = plural genitive Write these down!

11 Step 2: Add the case endings to the noun stem. Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative Ablative Singular Plural On your whiteboard, decline the following 2 nouns: via, viae (f.) and aqua, aquae (f.)


13 Sentences: Subject and Predicate “Sentence” comes from the Latin word “sententia” which means “thought.” Sentences are words grouped together to form thoughts!

14 Sentences: Subject and Predicate Every sentence has 2 parts: the SUBJECT and the PREDICATE. ITALY is a peninsula. The GIRLS carry water.

15 Subjects and Predicates In Latin, the subject is always in the NOMINATIVE case. (-a or –ae on the 1 st declension chart) Insulae magnae sunt. The islands are big. Italia est paeninsula. Italy is a peninsula.

16 Subjects and Predicates The nominative case is also used for a PREDICATE NOMINATIVE. PREDICATE NOMINATIVE is a noun that follows a linking verb. A linking verb works like an “=“ sign. It renames the subject: is, are, was, were…

17 Predicate Nominatives John is a student. John=student. The teacher is Mrs. Sellers. Teacher=Mrs. Sellers. Brittania est insula. A=B Britain is an island. Britain=island.

18 Time to practice! Latin is my favorite class. Those girls are my best friends.

19 Time to practice! Rome was once a little settlement on the Tiber River. Many English words are derivatives of Latin.

20 Let’s Practice 2. Corsica et Melita sunt insulae. 4. Florida paeninsula est. 6. Sunt silvae in Germania. 8. Troia (Troy) non in Africa sed in Asia est. 10. Estne (Is…) aqua in Sahara? Estne in Canada aqua?

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