Presentation on theme: "Forms of Poetry Reading Standard 3.1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Forms of Poetry Reading Standard 3.1 Determine and articulate the relationship between thepurposes and characteristics of different forms of poetry(e.g., ballad, epic, lyric, couplet, ode, and sonnet).I lovepoetry!
2 Sometimes poetry has no particular form or rhyme scheme; these types of poems are called free verse poems.Traditionally, however, poems have a particular format and/ or rhyming pattern.The subject matter and form of a poem may put it in a particular category like ballad, epic, lyric, sonnet, ode, elegy, narrative, haiku etc.
3 Rhyme SchemeRhyme Scheme- a pattern of rhyme in a poem. For instance, if there are 4 lines, or a quatrain, and the first and third lines rhyme, it has the pattern ofa-b-a-b.If all four lines rhyme with each other, it has the rhyme scheme of a-a-a-a.If only the second and fourth lines rhyme, the pattern is a-b-c-b.
4 Rhyme SchemeWhose woods these are I think I know.His house is in the village though:He will not see me stopping hereTo watch his woods fill up the snow.The woods are lovely, dark, and deep,But I have promises to keep.And miles to go before I sleep.
5 The Sonnet:A fourteen-line poemExpresses author’s feelingsHas a particular end rhyme pattern (ABABCDCD…)Usually ends in a rhymed couplet (two lines with end rhyme)Shakespeare wrote over 100 sonnets
6 Lyric PoemLyric Poem- a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
7 It’s a lyric poem usually addressed to a particular person or thing. The Ode:It’s a lyric poem usually addressed to a particular person or thing.It generally deals with one main idea and can be written as a song of praise or to celebrate an experience, thing or a person.Ode to a Fountain Pen:“Oh beloved pen ofmidnight black ink,How I love to rollyou down my nose.”
8 Wave your hands in the air. There’s nothing as joyful as Ode to My Thumb:“Delicious appendage on myleft hand. You are my favoritefinger, my most tasty dessert.”Ode to Dancing:“’Kick up your heelsWave your hands in the air.There’s nothing as joyful asdancing in pairs!”
9 Ode to My Teeth:Little white molarsStriped with bracesHelp me makeamusing faces
10 Usually follows a-b-c-b rhyme scheme. A ballad is a songlike poem that tells a story, often a sad story of betrayal, death, or loss.Ballads usually have a regular, steady rhythm, a simple rhyme pattern, and a refrain, or a repeated part of a poem, all of which make them easy to memorize.Usually follows a-b-c-b rhyme scheme.Historically ballads were passed down orally from person to person rather than in writing.Steady rhythm, simple rhyme pattern,and refrain.That’s easy!!
11 Narrative Poem: Tells a story Elegy: A poem written for someone who has died, often a tribute. Most are written in formal writing and a serious tone.Couplets: two rhyming lines of poetry that are consecutive.Haiku: consists of 17 unrhymed syllables, organized into three lines, and doesn’t rhyme:Line 1: 5 syllablesLine 2: 7 syllablesLine 3: 5 syllablesMost describe nature, a moment of beauty which keeps you thinking or feeling.
12 Lymerick: an amusing verse of five lines: Lines 1, 2, and 5 ryhme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme.Line 5 refers to line 1Lines 3 and 4 are usually shorter than the other lines.The rhyming pattern is AABBAEX: There once was a musical kingWho suddenly started to sing.The birds of the skyAll started to flyRight over that talented king
13 Concrete Poem: a poem that creates a picture Acrostic poem: a poem that is vertical and spells out a wordand usually describes that word.Ex:A: antsyM: merryY: young
14 An epic is a long narrative poem about the many deeds of a great hero. Closely connected to a particular culture. The hero of an epic embodies the important values of the society he comes from.Essentially, an epic is a long story about the quests of a hero.Think Hercules, and Shrek in poetic form.