This explorer was actually an Italian who moved many times in his life. He wanted to find a trade route to Asia that was faster than the southern route Columbus took. He finally was sponsored by England.
This British explorer who was sponsored by the Dutch was looking for a sea route to Asia. The large river in what is now New York and the huge bay in what is now Canada that he explored were both named after him.
This explorer hoped to reach Asia by sailing west across the north Atlantic, a shorter and quicker voyage than Columbus’ southerly route. He thought he had found an island off the coast of Asia and he named it “new found land”, which is now Newfoundland, Canada.