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Chapter 15 The First Global Age: Europe and Asia 1415 - 1796.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 The First Global Age: Europe and Asia 1415 - 1796."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 The First Global Age: Europe and Asia 1415 - 1796

2 Section 1 – The Search for Spices I. Europeans Explore the Seas

3 The Crusades introduced Europeans to many luxury goods from Asia

4 I. Europeans Explore the Seas In the 1200s and 1300s, goods came to Europe along Mongol trade routes

5 A. Motives: Trade was disrupted by the Black Death and the breakup of the Mongol Empire

6 By the 1400s, Muslims and Italians controlled trade between Asia and Europe A. Motives:

7 The chief source of spices was the Moluccas, also called the Spice Islands A. Motives:

8 Portugal and Spain sought a route to bypassed the Mediterranean A. Motives:

9 Improvements resulted in better navigational tools and larger ships B: Improved Technology

10 During the 1400s, Portugal led the way in exploration II. Portugal Sails Eastward

11 Prince Henry (Henry the Navigator) hoped to expand Christianity and find African gold A. Mapping the African Coast

12 Henry gathered experts who redesigned ships, prepared maps, and trained crews for long voyages A. Mapping the African Coast

13 In 1488, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the southern tip of Africa and opened a route to Asia A. Mapping the African Coast

14 In 1497, Vasco da Gama led a 10-month voyage and reached Calicut, India B. On to India

15 Da Gama acquired a cargo of spices that he sold at a profit of 3,000 percent B. On to India

16 The Portuguese seized key ports and created a vast trading empire B. On to India

17 Christopher Columbus believed he could reach the Indies by sailing west across the Atlantic III. Columbus Sails to the West Salvador Dali – The Dream Of Christopher Columbus

18 From Spain, Columbus sailed west on August 3, 1492, with the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria A. Voyages of Columbus

19 On October 12, Columbus reached the Caribbean and spent several months cruising the islands A. Voyages of Columbus

20 In 1507, a German cartographer read about the "New World" written by Amerigo Vespucci and labeled the region America B. Naming the "New World"

21 The islands Columbus explored in the Caribbean became known as the West Indies B. Naming the "New World"

22 Europeans continued to seek new routes around or through the Americas IV. The Search Continues

23 In 1513, Vasco Nunez de Balboa (Spain) crossed Panama and reached the Pacific IV. The Search Continues

24 In 1520, Ferdinand Magellan charted a passage that became known as the Strait of Magellan IV. The Search Continues

25 In March 1521, Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines IV. The Search Continues

26 On September 8,1522, the crew was hailed as the first to circumnavigate the world IV. The Search Continues

27 Other Europeans searched the coast of North America for the “Northwest Passage” IV. The Search Continues

28 Explorers included John Cabot (England); Jacques Cartier (France); and Henry Hudson (Dutch) IV. The Search Continues

29 John Cabot Giovanni Caboto ? –Italian but moved to England Set to do for England what Columbus did for Spain One of first to land in North America http://www.johncabot. edu/http://www.johncabot. edu/

30 Jacques Cartier French Trying to find a Northwest Passage Some credit him with the discovery of Canada http://www.edinphoto. p_world_2002_enlarg ed.jpghttp://www.edinphoto. p_world_2002_enlarg ed.jpg

31 Henry Hudson Main goal was to find a passage to Spice Islands Tried to go north of Russia, in the arctic Tried to go through North America –Delaware Bays –Chesapeake Bays –Hudson River uk/0_MAPS/0_map_worl d_2002_enlarged.jpg uk/0_MAPS/0_map_worl d_2002_enlarged.jpg

32 The European age of exploration set off a period of conflict between Europe and other civilizations uments_p2.cfm?doc=194 IV. The Search Continues

33 For Gold, God and Glory Igor V. Babailov Dedicated to the great discoveries of the new worlds

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