3 LESSON OBJECTIVES:TO IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS THE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING ADOLESCENCE.TO IDENTIFY AND DICUSS THE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING ADULTHOOD.
4 RECAP Fastest Finger First You have 5 minutes to put the life stages in the correct order and match this to the correct ages!!.Life Stage Age RangeAdolescenceLater AdulthoodChildhoodInfancyAdulthood
5 Adolescence Physical Changes Female ChangesGains weightGrows body hairPeriods startBreasts developShape changesSkin and hair changeBecomes tallerMale ChangesGains weightGrows body hairPenis and testicles developVoice ‘breaks’Shoulders broadenSkin and hair changeBecomes taller
6 AdolescenceIntellectual – Adolescence can usually work things out logically. Decision making skills take time to develop in adulthoodEmotional – hormones may be out of balance and this can lead to mood swings or aggressive behaviour. Lack of confidence and low self-esteem can be a problem at this ageSocial - become increasingly independent of their families and more dependent on their peer group. They also begin to explore their sexuality which includes testing out relationships and sexual behaviour with others
8 Adulthood 19 – 65 yearsPhysical Development – people are at the height of their physical powers and at their reproductive peak.As people enter their 40s:Men may start to lose their hairEyesight begins to deteriorateSkin loses elasticity so wrinkles appearWomen continue to have periods until about 45 years old when they reach the menopause (fertility declines)Sperm production in men declines although they can continue to father children in to their 80s
9 Adulthood – Intellectual, Emotional & Social Development Intellectual skills may increase if given the chance. Older people are meant to have wisdomEmotionally adults look for steady and satisfying relationships. This is the stage when couples have childrenThere can be a variety of emotions including anger, resentment and jealousyThere can be many changes in adults social life especially when children come along. This is also the period when many experience stress at home or at work.
10 Later Adulthood (65+ years) Some people think that getting older is a negative thing but there are some positive things such as:Being able to retireDo more things that they want – travel, hobbiesEnjoy more leisure timeEnjoy their family especially grandchildrenThe ageing process involves some changes to the body and lifestyle such as:Having less physical strengthGetting used to retirementLosing friends and partnersChanging accommodation to something smaller or residential careAdjusting to poor quality eye sight or hearing
11 Physical developmentThe ageing process is subtle and the changes are slow. If you are with someone regularly you may not notice the changes. However, by the mid 60s the changes are more noticeable:Skin becomes thinner and less elastic – wrinkles appearBones become more brittle and more likely to breakJoints become stiffer and more painfulHeight is reduced, the spine may become more roundedMuscles become weakerSense of balance becomes impairedSense of taste and smell deterioratesHearing and sight deteriorate – cataracts can developSkin is less sensitive and so are more likely to burns or hyperthermiaBreathing is less efficientBlood pressure increasesInsufficient insulin is produced therefore diabetes developsThe glands do not function so well so then themetabolism slows down which can lead to puttingon weight
12 Intellectual Development People do not become less intelligent as they grow older!They may need more support when gaining new abilities, new skills or knowledgeIf older people are in good health and exercise their minds they will retain their mental abilities.Their thinking may slow down but their wisdom may increase with age.
13 Emotional Development People’s concept of themselves continues as life progressesRetirement can affect them as they do not have a clear idea of who he or she is anymore.Apart from health problems they can suffer from being stereotyped. They can be regarded as less able because of their age. This can affect their confidence and self esteem.The death or their partner or friends can leave older people feeling emotionally isolated
14 Social Development Either: Some older people lead very active lives once they retire and they make new friends and get about moreOr:Health problems and impairments can create difficulties that mean they are very isolated and lonely
15 Moral DevelopmentMoral development changes throughout the stages of life.When children are young they know they shouldn't do something because they will be punished.As they get reach the teenage years they consider the options and try to understand those around themOnce they are adults they form principles and values that will affect the way he or she chooses to live his/her life
16 Losing someone close to you or well known to you Only able to see things from your own viewPeople of the same ageThe end of a woman’s reproductive lifeLosing someone close to you or well known to youTo do with thinkingThings not changing, remaining the sameCasual or social relationshipForming a close relationship with someonePhysical features of becoming sexually maturePerson’s characteristics that they inherit or are born withWhen a person’s development is completeMeans an increase in sizeThe way we organise things in our minds, an abstract idea e.g. time. Space, colour,Chemical messenger in the body that affect our sexual development and activitiesThe stages of development throughout our lives infancy, young children, adolescence, adulthood, later adulthoodUsing the large muscles, such as legs, armsMeans an increase in skills, abilities and emotionsA working relationship, that has rules about how people should behaveShowing the possibility of achieving to the best of our abilityCharacteristics that are influenced by our environmentUsing the more intricate muscles such as the fingersThe part of us that makes us an individual, who we areChemical messenger that affects the way our bodies function