Presentation on theme: "The Life Cycle and Aging"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Life Cycle and Aging Chapter 3, Lesson 8 and 9
2 The Stages of Life There are nine stages of life. InfancyEarly ChildhoodMiddle ChildhoodLate ChildhoodAdolescenceTransition to AdulthoodFirst AdulthoodSecond AdulthoodLate AdulthoodYou must master one stage before you can move onto another!
3 Infancy Birth to 1 year Grow rapidly, almost tripling in weight Completely dependent on others for food, clothing, and shelterIf needs are met = perceive adults as reliable and trustworthyIf needs are not met = more likely to be distrustful and suspicious of others
4 Early Childhood 1 to 3 years Begin to: explore their environmentDevelop physical skills (walking, etc)Gain some independence in self-care (toiled trained)If they are encouraged in their attempts to become more independent, children gain confidence in this stage.If they are not encouraged, they may develop doubt and shame.
5 Middle Childhood 3 to 6 years Very imaginative Begin to: Initiate activitiesInvent ways of playing
6 Late Childhood 6 to 12 years Learn: Many important academic skills at schoolTo relate to peers in more structured settings, such as a sports teamIf challenges of in previous stages have been mastered and they are encouraged, they feel active and are able to acquire these skills.If challenges have not been mastered and encouragement is missing, they may doubt their abilities and feel incompetent or inferior.
7 Adolescence12 to 18 yearsThe physical, emotional, and social transition from childhood to adulthood.Time of profound physical and emotional growth.Most importantly, adolescents try to develop a sense of identity.A sense of who you are.If an identity is developed, adolescents are more likely to succeed.If it is not developed, adolescents may experience confusion about their role in life.
8 The Tasks of Adolescence Having healthful friendships with both males and females.Being comfortable with being male or female.Being comfortable with one’s body.Gaining skills that will help the individual become independent from parents and other adults.
9 The Tasks of Adolescence Learning skills to use later in marriage and becoming a parent.Learning skills to help get a job and earn money.Developing a clear set of values to guide behavior.Developing a social conscience.
10 Emotional and Social Changes in Adolescence Rising levels of hormones can cause strong emotions, or mood swingsSelf-consciousness may occur with all of the changes from pubertyRomantic feelingsFriendshipsSocial:Interactions with othersPeers become the focus of social interactionsFinding a balance between family and peers
11 The Stages of Adulthood Transition to Adulthood (18-30)Young adults strive to be independent from their parents and establish close relationships with other adults.Must develop the skills to live independently.First Adulthood (30-45)Work to establish careers and raise childrenSet financial and career goals and work to achieve them.
12 The Stages of Adulthood Second Adulthood (45-70)Face major changes in lifeChildren leave homeRetirementPrevious goals and accomplishments need to be reevaluatedLate Adulthood (70+)Come to terms with retirement, issues of independence and dependence, the loss of friends and loved ones, the prospect of their own death, and the self-assessment of whether life has been well lived.
13 Measuring Age Chronological Age: Biological Age: Social Age: The number of years a person has livedMeasured by a calendarBiological Age:Based on how well a person’s body parts are functioningInfluenced by heredity, health habits, and the quality of health care a person receivesSocial Age:Indicator of a person’s age based on involvement with others
14 Life Cycle Assessment Your Task: Interview a parent or friend that has seen you develop through the first five life stages.Record their answers on the worksheet.Make sure to have the person you interviewed sign the worksheet!