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Lesson 4 Health Through the Life Span Think about some happy, healthy older adults you know. What characteristics do they share? How do these characteristics.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 4 Health Through the Life Span Think about some happy, healthy older adults you know. What characteristics do they share? How do these characteristics."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 4 Health Through the Life Span Think about some happy, healthy older adults you know. What characteristics do they share? How do these characteristics contribute to their positive attitude?

3 Lesson 4 Lesson Objectives Describe the physical, mental/ emotional, and social transitions that occur during middle and later adulthood. Identify and analyze lifestyle behaviors that promote health and prevent disease throughout the life span. Analyze the influence of laws, policies, and practices on health-related issues, including those related to disease prevention. In this lesson, youll learn to:

4 Lesson 4 Transitions in Middle Adulthood Eriksons seventh developmental stage is middle adulthood, encompassing the ages from 40 to 65. These years are often full of transitions.transitions Physical transitions Mental transitions Emotional transitions Social transitions Middle Adulthood

5 Lesson 4 Physical Transitions People in middle adulthood experience physical changes as their bodies begin to age. Skin loses its elasticity, the functioning of the bodys organs slows, and the bodys immune system becomes less effective. Females experience menopause around ages 45 to 55. Middle Adulthood

6 Lesson 4 Mental Transitions Just as exercise strengthens the muscles, mental activities strengthen the brain. Solving puzzles, reading, and playing board games provide mental stimulation. An adult who exercises his or her brain remains mentally active. People reach middle adulthood with a great deal of knowledge and experience, which they can use to pursue new interests. Middle Adulthood

7 Lesson 4 Emotional Transitions The midlife crisis for some individuals results from questions and concerns about: Having met their goals. Feeling loved and valued. Having made a positive difference in the lives of others. Keeping the health triangle in balance and continuing to set goals along the way will help people avoid these concerns. Middle Adulthood

8 Lesson 4 Social Transitions Many adults of this age are faced with the death of a parent or the empty-nest syndrome with their children growing up and leaving home.empty-nest syndrome People who maintain healthy relationships with family and friends have less difficulty adjusting to these changes. For many, this is a time to apply their talents and life experience to community and social programs. Middle Adulthood

9 Lesson 4 Goals of Older Adults Eriksons final stage of development, late adulthood, occurs after age 65. One of the goals of people at this stage is to look at life with satisfaction and a sense of fulfillment. Older adults evaluate the events of their lives and their achievements. If they have lived their lives with integrity, they are likely to be satisfied.integrity Late Adulthood

10 Lesson 4 Expanding Opportunities in Late Adulthood Many adults look forward to retirement so that they can pursue new interests. Others choose to continue to work or even change careers. For many, volunteering is another way of staying active. Late Adulthood

11 Lesson 4 Public Health Policies and Programs for Older Adults The government offers Medicare to people 65 years of age and older and Medicaid to people with low incomes and limited resources. Many workers must plan for their own retirement with personal or company-run long-term savings plans. Through use of these funds in conjunction with Social Security benefits, the poverty rate for older adults has been reduced. Late Adulthood

12 Lesson 4 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. What transitions do people in middle adulthood face? Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

13 Lesson 4 Click Next to attempt another question. A. People in middle adulthood face: Physical transitions. Mental transitions. Emotional transitions. Social transitions. Quick Review - Answer

14 Lesson 4 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. What causes empty-nest syndrome? Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

15 Lesson 4 Click Next to attempt another question. A. Many adults face the empty-nest syndrome because of their children growing up and leaving home. Quick Review - Answer

16 Lesson 4 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. What is integrity? Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

17 Lesson 4 Click Next to attempt another question. A. Integrity refers to a firm adherence to a moral code. Quick Review - Answer

18 Lesson 4 Name specific examples of the relationship between health decisions you make as a teen and disease prevention later in life. Provide relevant examples. Quick Review

19 Lesson 4 Eriksons seventh developmental stage is middle adulthood, encompassing the ages from 40 to 65. These years are often full of transitions.transitions Physical transitions Mental transitions Emotional transitions Social transitions Transitions in Middle Adulthood Middle Adulthood A transition is a critical change that occurs at all stages of life.

20 Lesson 4 Many adults of this age are faced with the death of a parent or the empty-nest syndrome with their children growing up and leaving home.empty-nest syndrome People who maintain healthy relationships with family and friends have less difficulty adjusting to these changes. For many, this is a time to apply their talents and life experience to community and social programs. Social Transitions Middle Adulthood The feelings of sadness or loneliness that accompany childrens leaving home and entering adulthood are called empty-nest syndrome.

21 Lesson 4 Eriksons final stage of development, late adulthood, occurs after age 65. One of the goals of people at this stage is to look at life with satisfaction and a sense of fulfillment. Older adults evaluate the events of their lives and their achievements. If they have lived their lives with integrity, they are likely to be satisfied.integrity Goals of Older Adults Late Adulthood Integrity refers to a firm adherence to a moral code.


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