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SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT Adventures in Grammar!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Presentation on theme: "SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT Adventures in Grammar!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"— Presentation transcript:

1 SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT Adventures in Grammar!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

2 A subject is who or what the sentence is about. A verb is what the subject is doing. The subject and the verb in a sentence must agree: Both singular or both plural. The subject and the verb in a sentence must agree: Both singular or both plural.

3 Singular and Plural Subjects SINGULARPLURAL NOUNS boy city dog idea PRONOUNS I he, she, it me him, her, it my each one everyone, everybody NOUNS boys cities dogs ideas PRONOUNS we they them us their several both few

4 Subject/Verb Agreement for Math People SS= Singular Subject PS= Plural Subject SS= Singular Subject PS= Plural Subject SV= Singular Verb PV= Plural Verb SV= Singular Verb PV= Plural Verb SS “and” SS= PV John and Sam are home. SS “and” SS= PV John and Sam are home. SS “and” PS=PV John and the boys are home. SS “and” PS=PV John and the boys are home. SS “or” SS= SV John or Sam is home. SS “or” SS= SV John or Sam is home. SS “or” PS= PV John or the boys are home. SS “or” PS= PV John or the boys are home. PS “or” SS= SV The boys or John is home. PS “or” SS= SV The boys or John is home.

5 Singular and Plural Verbs SINGULARPLURAL is was has am action verbs end in “s” = runs are were have action verbs not ending in “s”= run

6 Go Both Ways Singular or Plural Pronouns SOME Some of the chicken is gone. Some of the chickens are gone. SOME Some of the chicken is gone. Some of the chickens are gone. ALL All of the chicken is gone. All of the chickens are gone. ALL All of the chicken is gone. All of the chickens are gone. ANY Is any of the chicken gone? Are any of the chickens gone? ANY Is any of the chicken gone? Are any of the chickens gone? MOST Most of the chicken is gone. Most of the chickens are gone. MOST Most of the chicken is gone. Most of the chickens are gone. The use of these word will be THE ONLY time that you will use the prepositional phrase to determine whether you use a singular or plural verb. The use of these word will be THE ONLY time that you will use the prepositional phrase to determine whether you use a singular or plural verb.

7 PREPOSITION COMPLICATED DEFINITION: COMPLICATED DEFINITION: A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. EASIER TO REMEMBER: EASIER TO REMEMBER: A word that goes with “ _____ the house” A word that goes with “ _____ the house”

8 PREPOSITION "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within,” "without.” "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within,” "without.” ________ THE HOUSE ________ THE HOUSE

9 PREPOSITION A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE will never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never contain the SUBJECT of a sentence. A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE will never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never, never contain the SUBJECT of a sentence.

10 Putting it all together Each of the girls IS/ARE going. Each of the girls IS/ARE going. Determine the subject Determine the subject Singular or Plural ? Match the verb. Singular or Plural ? Match the verb. Ignore prepositional phrase! Ignore prepositional phrase!

11 Correct Answer

12 Try Another Sally or the girls is/are going shopping at the mall. Sally or the girls is/are going shopping at the mall. Find the verb is closest to the “or” Find the verb is closest to the “or”

13 Correct Answer Sally or the girls are going shopping at the mall. Sally or the girls are going shopping at the mall. SS “or” PS= PV SS “or” PS= PV

14 Now use it!!!!!!!!! Celebrate Good Grammar


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