We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byChester Day
Modified over 7 years ago
Traditional grammarians define a noun as "a person, place, thing, or idea." Child designates a person; therefore, child is a noun. Similarly, democracy designates an idea; therefore, democracy is a noun. In addition, nouns can be identified by the presence of signal words such as the. signal words Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
Verbs have traditionally been defined as words that show action or state of being. Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural. Subjectsverbs In present tenses, nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways: nouns ADD an s to the singular form,nouns BUT verbs REMOVE an s from the singular form.verbs Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
There are three main verb forms for showing time or tense: Simple tense does not use auxiliary verbs auxiliary verbs refers to specific time period during which something happens OR something happened and is over OR something will happen Simple present (action goes on now): I sit Simple past: (action happened and is over): I sat Simple future (action will happen): I will sit Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
A complete sentence needs only two elements: a subject - predicate unit AND a complete thought In other words, a simple sentence is actually the SAME thing as an independent clause. Dependent clauses or phrases are called fragments because they are missing one or more parts needed to make a sentence. Therefore, they are only pieces or fragments of complete sentences. Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
Sometimes two independent clauses (simple sentences) can be joined to form another kind of sentence: the compound sentence.independent compound Two major errors can occur when constructing compound sentences. Writers make the error of the Comma Splice when they try to separate the two independent clauses in a compound sentence with a comma alone. A comma is not a strong enough punctuation mark to separate the two independent clauses by itself; thus, using it causes the clauses to be spliced together. Example of a comma splice: Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
Writers make the error of the Fused Sentence by joining two independent clauses into a compound sentence without using any punctuation between them. No punctuation between the two independent clauses causes them to "fuse" into an INCORRECT compound sentence. Example of a fused sentence: Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
1. by adding a comma and an appropriate coordinating conjunction coordinating conjunction 2. by placing a semicolon between the two clausessemicolon 3. by adding the needed punctuation and an appropriate conjunctive adverbconjunctive adverb Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
Another way to repair a comma splice or fused sentence is to make each independent clause into a simple sentence.ndependent clause simple sentence. Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
A prepositional phrase embellishes a sentence and more fully explains things. Examples of prepositions: about, above, among, at, because of, before, behind, beside(s), but, by, except, for, in, near, of, on, since, throughout, to, upon, with without, etc. In a prepositional phrase, a preposition sits in front of (is “pre-positioned” before) its object. For example: “to the store,” “up the hill,” “by the office.” A prepositional phrase should not be confused with a subject or verb; it can never be a subject or verb. Copyright 2011 © Terry Hudson
Basic Sentence Construction
For use with Technical Editing 3e
Run-Ons and Comma Splices
SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT Adventures in Grammar!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
What is a run-on sentence?
Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses
Independent vs. Dependent Clauses (Information taken from the Purdue OWL)
Sentence Structure Common Errors in Composing a sentence.
Clauses and Sentence Structure
Fill in the blanks on the following grammar term definitions…
Maintaining Proper Sentence Length Correcting Run-on Sentences and Sentence Fragments Time4Writing provides these teachers materials to teachers and parents.
Fragments, Run-Ons, & Comma Splices
“I will not go down to posterity talking bad grammar.”
Clauses, sentence fragments and comma splices
INCORRECT. 19 – Sentence fragment. INCORRECT. 19 – Sentence fragment.
GRAMMAR QUIZ REVIEW Wait, what have we been doing for the last 3 weeks?
© 2006 SOUTH-WESTERN EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHING 11th Edition Hulbert & Miller Effective English for Colleges Chapter 12 EFFECTIVE SENTENCES.
Grammar Skills Workshop
As we talk about these grammar basics today, please take your own notes. Format your notes like this: (key words in left column) complete sentence (notes/definitions.
Theme 1 Grammar. Kinds of Sentences Declarative sentence- makes a statement, ends with a period Interrogative sentence- asks a question, ends with.
© 2022 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.