Presentation on theme: "Types of Sentences Flash CARD 1 (side 1) SIMPLE sentence = subject + verb Simple sentence may have multiple subjects and/or multiple verbs is one."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Sentences Flash CARD 1 (side 1) SIMPLE sentence = subject + verb Simple sentence may have multiple subjects and/or multiple verbs is one independent clause has NO subordinate clause They may have additional phrases. Examples:I went to the park to eat a hamburger. Kyle, Keith, and Doug, my best friend from middle school, went to the playhouse and watched Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
Types of Sentences Flash CARD 1 (side 2) Compound Sentence = Two or more clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction. Using commas between clauses is optional. ALWAYS consists of 2 subject and 2 verbs Coordinating conjunctions = FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) Examples: I went home so I could get some sleep. Doug did his math work but he got some wrong, yet he didn’t mind.
Types of Sentences Flash card 2 (side 1) COMPLEX sentence = 1 independent clause + 1 subordinate clause (dependent clause) Subordinate clause can be – adj., adv. or noun Look for “word markers” when identifying the subordinate clause (subordinating conjunctions) If you begin a sentence with a subordinating conjunction, there MUST be a comma after the first clause. (continued on next slide)
SIDE 1: Subordinating Conjunctions AfterNow thatWhen AlthoughOnceWhenever AsSinceWhere BecauseThatWherever BeforeThoughWhile Even ifUnless IfUntil Examples: Unless you want trouble, you should stop. You should stop because I’m getting mad.
Compound-Complex Sentences Flash Card 2 (side 2) Has an independent clause and at least two dependent clauses, one of which is joined with a coordinating conjunction and one with a subordinating conjunction. Examples Because I paid attention, I got an A on the test and I was so happy. I went home because it was getting late, but I had to wait on the porch until my mom got home anyway.
Sentence Types Flash Card 3 (side 1) Declarative Sentences : Make statements and end with periods Exclamatory Sentences: Excitedly express emotion, end with exclamation points Imperative Sentences: Give orders, commands and instructions, end with periods or exclamation points. *The subject is always “you” and implied. Interrogative Sentences: ask questions and end in a question mark