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Bellringer Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?

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Presentation on theme: "Bellringer Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bellringer Why didn’t ancient Greece invent feudalism?

2 Agenda 1.The Renaissance 2.Renaissance Art 3.Thesis statement practice

3 Objectives Students will be able to… 66. Explain the economic and cultural foundations of the Renaissance. 67. Describe the artistic, political, and philosophical developments of the Renaissance.

4 Europe Suffers… The Middle Ages – Focus on survival – Wars – Plagues – Ignorance But finally, a recovery…

5 The Renaissance Renaissance: a rebirth of culture – Greek and Roman culture return! Almost a golden age – Prosperity?  – Cultural development?  – Peace? Sort of Objective #66

6 How did it start? The effect of the Crusades – Re-learning of Greco-Roman ideas from interaction with the Muslims – Increased demand for Middle Eastern products – Stimulated production of stuff to sell in the Middle East Banks

7 Banking and Credit For long-distance trade – Barter is inefficient – So is carrying gold and silver Instead, carry a letter of credit – Bank promise that you have the money – Banks work out the details later

8 Other Economic Ideas Interest: the price you pay to borrow money – Church calls this a sin (usury) – Traders become more secular Bookkeeping – Hard to do with Roman numerals – Arabic numerals introduced (though invented in India)

9 Italian Renaissance Starts in Italy. Why? – Competitive city-states, governed as republics – Dominated trade routes between Middle East and northern Europe – Lived on top of Roman culture, stole Greek culture from Constantinople

10 Florence Genoa Venice

11 City-State Politics Initially republics, but wealthy families came to dominate – Control trade, then control government – Liked to spend their money on art to show off – patrons

12 Machiavelli Machiavelli’s The Prince – Political philosophy for absolute power – Ends justify the means Better to be feared than loved Do good when possible, evil when necessary Objective #67

13 Renaissance Spirit Humanism – Study of classics, focus on human potential and achievements Shift of values from Christianity – Petrarch (humanist poet) Secular – Worldly focus, even for church leaders – Have pretty, expensive stuff on earth

14 Art With patrons and an emphasis on having nice things on earth, art flourishes Themes: – Middle Ages: church and salvation – Renaissance: individuals and worldly matters (and churchy things)

15 Art A mini-webquest

16 Famous Artists Michelangelo Donatello Raphael Leonardo

17 Leonardo Da Vinci The Renaissance Man – Many interests and talents – Painter, sculptor, architect, musician, inventor, engineer, scientist, anatomist… Famous Works – Mona Lisa – Last Supper

18 Mona Lisa

19 Last Supper

20 Michelangelo Sculptor, architect, and painter Famous works – Most known for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel – Considered himself a better sculptor Pieta David

21 Sistine Chapel “The Creation of Adam”



24 Pieta

25 Michelangelo’s David

26 Raphael Painter and architect Famous works (several rooms in the Vatican) – School of Athens

27 School of Athens

28 Donatello Much less famous than the others Also made a statue of David

29 Northern Renaissance

30 Wealth supports Renaissance ideas – Recover after Hundred Years War – More trade and more cities Humanism with more of a focus on religion than in Italy – Erasmus: The Praise of Folly – Sir Thomas More: Utopia – Shakespeare

31 The Printing Press Invented in 1450 by Johann Gutenberg – Spreads learning and ideas (more books) – Gutenberg Bible

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