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Aim: How did the Renaissance begin in Italy and change the world?

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Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did the Renaissance begin in Italy and change the world?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Aim: How did the Renaissance begin in Italy and change the world?
Do Now: Define Renaissance? In what ways did Europe need a Renaissance?

2 I. The Italian Renaissance
Renaissance means rebirth rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman knowledge ***Began in Italy in the 1400s ***strategic location to trade routes ***expansion of trade, exploration, and technology A middle class formed new wealth secular views (worldly and not religious)

3 II. Humanism individual achievements over religious views
Petrarch “father of the Humanism” Medici family: great patrons of the arts

4 III. Renaissance Artists
Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance man scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. sketches of flying machines and submarines Michelangelo sculptor, painter, and architect Sistine Chapel and The Statue of David

5 IV. Literature Writers wrote in the vernacular
language spoken in their own regions Italian, French or German Shakespeare Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet ***Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince “the end justifies the means” leaders must use absolute power and any means necessary to stay in power

6 V. The Artistic Renaissance
used perspective and shading blended religious themes with natural settings creating a sense of reality moved away from the art of the Middle Ages During the Middle Ages, painting largely focused on religious themes. Perspective is the ability to create a three dimensional appearance on a two dimensional surface.

7 VI. The Northern Renaissance
Renaissance ideas spread to Northern Europe Jan van Eyck and Albrecht Dürer used new styles in art ***Johannes Gutenberg invented a printing press allowed for the mass production of texts Bible: first book produced encouraged scholarly research and increased literacy increased

8 Questions for Reflection:
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? How did Renaissance art differ from Medieval art? How did humanism and secularism differ from previous Medieval beliefs? Why did the Renaissance eventually spread to the rest of Europe? Do Renaissance ideas still affect us today? Explain your answer. E. Napp

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