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The Renaissance – Rebirth of art and learning in Europe (1300-1600) Background: The Crusades stimulated trade by introducing Europeans to many desirable.

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Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance – Rebirth of art and learning in Europe (1300-1600) Background: The Crusades stimulated trade by introducing Europeans to many desirable."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Renaissance – Rebirth of art and learning in Europe ( ) Background: The Crusades stimulated trade by introducing Europeans to many desirable products, and trade promoted contacts with the Byzantine and Muslim Empires.

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3 Economic Effects of the Crusades: Increased demand for Middle Eastern products Stimulated production of good to trade in Middle Eastern markets Encouraged the use of credit and banking

4 Economic Concepts of the Renaissance Church rule against usury and the banks’ practice of charging interest helped to secularize northern Italy. Usury – loaning money with really high interest rates

5 Economic Concepts of the Renaissance Letters of credit served to expand the supply of money and stimulated trade New accounting and bookkeeping practices (use of Arabic numerals) were introduced

6 Significance- wealth accumulated from European trade with the Middle East led to the rise of Italian city-states. Wealthy merchants were active civic leaders.

7 Advantages of Location for Northern Italian cities during the Renaissance: Florence, Venice, and Genoa

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10 Advantages of Location for Northern Italian cities during the Renaissance: Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets Served as trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern Europe Were initially independent city- states governed as republics

11 Machiavelli’s Ideas about Power: Background: Machiavelli observed city- state rulers of his day and produced guidelines for the acquisition and maintenance of power by absolute rule.

12 Machiavelli published his ideas in a book called The Prince.

13 Machiavelli’s Ideas about Power: An early modern narrative on government Supported absolute power of the ruler Maintains that the end justifies the means – the way in which you do something isn’t as important as the end result Advises that one should do good if possible, but do evil when necessary

14 Background: The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature. People wealthy from newly expanded trade, called Patrons, sponsored works that glorified city-states in northern Italy. Education became increasingly secular.

15 Art and Literature: Medieval art and literature – focused on the Church and salvation Renaissance art and literature – focused on individuals and worldly (secular) matters, along with Christianity

16 Italian Renaissance Artists and Writers: Leonardo da Vinci – Mona Lisa and The Last Supper Michelangelo – Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and David Petrarch – Sonnets, humanist scholarship

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22 Humanism: Background - classical knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans fostered humanism in the Italian Renaissance.

23 Humanism: Celebrated the individual Stimulated the study of Greek and Roman literature and culture Was supported by wealthy patrons

24 The Northern Renaissance: Background – with rise of trade, travel, and literacy the Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe.

25 Art and Literature changed as different cultures adopted Renaissance ideas: Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas. Northern Renaissance thinkers merged humanist ideas with Christianity

26 Art and Literature changed as different cultures adopted Renaissance ideas: The moveable type of printing press and the production and sale of books (Gutenberg Bible) helped spread ideas

27 Important Artists and Writers of the Northern Renaissance Erasmus – The Praise of Folly (1511) Poked fun at greedy merchants

28 Important Artists and Writers of the Northern Renaissance Sir Thomas More – Utopia (1516) Discussed perfect/ideal society Significance- Northern Renaissance artists portrayed religious and secular objects


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