Presentation on theme: "You are a baron, one of England’s great nobles, living in northern Britain. Winter is approaching, and it looks like it will be very cold soon. To prepare."— Presentation transcript:
You are a baron, one of England’s great nobles, living in northern Britain. Winter is approaching, and it looks like it will be very cold soon. To prepare for your winter, you send some of your servants to a forest on your land to gather firewood. When they return, though, they don’t have much wood. The king has chopped down many of the trees in your forest to build a new castle. Dismayed, you send a messenger to ask the king to pay a fair price for the wood, but he refuses. How can you get the king to respect your rights?
Kings take advantage -By the 1200s kings do as they please -Nobles become upset when kings create new taxes and take their property -Begin to look for ways to limit kings power Nobles step up -In 1215 a group of nobles decide to take their respect back -Force King John to approve a document they have written
What is the Magna Carta? -Document listing rights the king could not ignore -king forced to approve the document What does the Magna Carta say? -protected the rights of the people - 63 demands in all -so influential that the British still consider it part of their constitution
Create your own “Magna Carta” -Imagine that you live in the times of King John -List 5 demands you would impose on the king -Must be patterned after those of the Magna Carta Possible Answers -property not taken without consent -Everyone had the right to a fair trial -Freedom of travel -Rights of widows and orphans -law is for all, high and low -No increase in tax unless passed by parliament -Standard measure (weight, height etc) -Crime matches punishment Check for Understanding Page 227
Effects of Magna Carta 1.King required to honor certain rights 1.Habeas corpus- people cannot be kept in jail without reason 2.Right to a fair trial 2.Everyone must obey the law 1.Even the King 2.This is one of the basic principles Changes after Magna Carta 1.Create a council of nobles to advise the king 1.Became parliament 2.Eventually king needed their approval to do almost anything 2.Judges become free of royal control (1600) 1.The king no longer appoints them 2.True democracy is born King John Medieval Parliament
Magna Carta Parliament The king had to obey the law, just as common citizens The king could do little without the support of the parliament Check for Understanding
Magna Carta had a great effect in England only In 1328 the King of France dies with no aire -two men claim his throne as a result, one French and one English - eventually the French man becomes king English King did not like the outcome -decides to invade France -Hundred year war is started a few years later The results… -First English armies did well, winning most of their battles -After about a 100 years a teenage peasant girl rises up and rallies the French troops
Who is she? -born into peasant life, but still comfortable living -had 3 brothers and one sister Why did she Fight? -Said that God sent and angel to her that told her to deliver her people from the English -Got up and left her home at age 16 to fight What affect did she have? -lead and army to Orleans in 1429 -wins several battles for her cause -Eventually captured and killed but it was too late, the French army had risen and drove the English out in 1453
The French ultimately win but there are many changes as a result for both sides For the English -Parliaments power grows because the king needs their approval to raise taxes -As parliament gains power the king loses it For the French -Kings power grows -During the war the king had become popular with his nobles -Nobles support their king as result Parliament King
Review Quiz Check for understanding 4. __________ and ___________ fought in the hundred years war. 6. As a result of the war the king of ________ gained power and the king of __________ lost it. 2. Eventually the king could do little without the support of the ____________. 5. A teenage peasant girl named _______________ rallied the French troops to defeat the English. 3. This leads to the beginning of _____________ in England. 1. The ________ _________ was constructed so the king would respect the rights of the people.
Review Quiz Check for understanding 4. England and France fought in the hundred years war. 6. As a result of the war the king of France gained power and the king of England lost it. 2. Eventually the king could do little without the support of the parliament. 5. A teenage peasant girl named Joan of Arc rallied the French troops to defeat the English. 3. This leads to the beginning of democracy in England. 1. The Magna Carta was constructed so the king would respect the rights of the people.