Presentation on theme: "Ch. 14 sec. 3 page 393 England: “land of the Angles” Celts Romans Germanic Tribes (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) + Vikings."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 14 sec. 3 page 393
England: “land of the Angles” Celts Romans Germanic Tribes (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) + Vikings
Alfred the Great: King Unites Anglo-Saxons Turned back Viking invaders Later…
Edward the Confessor: No heir, so three claim throne
1066 A.D.: Three claim throne… King Harald of Norway Duke William II of Normandy Harold Godwinson of Wessex
1066 A.D.: Three claim throne… King Harald of Norway Duke William II of Normandy Harold of Wessex becomes King Harold II
1066 A.D.: Three claim throne… King Harald of Norway attacks and is killed.
1066 A.D.: Three claim throne… Duke William II of Normandy attacks King Harold at the Battle of Hastings
The Bayeux Tapestry (1066 A.D.) “Here King Harold is slain”
1066 A.D.: Three claim throne… Duke William II of Normandy wins, becomes William the Conqueror - -Declares all of England his personal property (Feudalism) Later…
Henry II: strengthened Royal Courts introduced Juries (p.394) established Common Law – rulings by courts
Richard (I) the Lion-Heart King from Left no heir You may know him from the story of…
While on the Third Crusade…
Returning from the Crusade…
Richard is shot by an arrow…
And dies of Gangrene
John Softsword: Trouble with the Church Trouble with the Nobles
King John vs. The Church
Kingly Troubles Many kings became ruthless and increasingly power hungry.
Kingly Troubles Many kings became ruthless and increasingly power hungry. King John argues with Pope Innocent III over picking new Arch-Bishop of Canterbury
Troubles with the Church Pope chooses… King John won’t allow him in England and seizes Church land
Troubles with the Church So, the Pope excommunicates King John placed an interdict on England
Troubles with the Church King John eventually gives in Must pay compensation to Church
King John vs. The Nobles
The Magna Carta 1215 A.D. Nobles were upset due to: Argument with Pope (interdict) High taxes; cruelty Lost costly wars (lost Normandy) So, they REBEL
The Magna Carta They wrote out a list of their demands called the Magna Carta “Great Charter”. They said either you agree to our demands or no more feudalism.
Your lands cannot be taken in payment for debt as long as you pay the debt some other way. For small offences you will face only a small penalty. The rights of the Church are considered to be the same as the rights of freemen. The King shall not raise taxes without first consulting with the barons. No widow shall be forced to marry so long as she prefers to live without a husband. The Magna Carta Nobles will face punishment only by other nobles. No one will be forced to make bridges at river-banks. (seriously) There shall be standard weights and measures throughout the realm. No one will be put in jail without first having a trial by jury. The king, like all others in England, must follow the law. The king cannot force anyone to go to war outside of the country.
The Magna Carta I, King John, accept that I have to rule according to the law. So I agree: 1.Not to imprison nobles without trial 2.To have fair taxation for the nobles 3.To let nobles travel wherever they like 4.Not to interfere in Church matters 5.Not to take crops without paying for them …and lot more things too!! This is Important!
Magna Carta: page 395 Written by Nobles, signed/ sealed by King John Limits King’s powers Guarantees certain rights Later…
Edward I Edward “Longshanks” 1295 A.D. – created the “Model Parliament” with Lords, Knights, Bishops, and Burgesses* *Commoner or Freeman