Presentation on theme: "1/28 Focus: Kings began to gain more power and centralize power during the high middle ages England was one of the first countries in Europe to develop."— Presentation transcript:
11/28 Focus:Kings began to gain more power and centralize power during the high middle agesEngland was one of the first countries in Europe to develop a strong central monarchyDo Now:What was one characteristic of life in Western Europe during the early Middle Ages?
6England Angles and Saxons had invaded England in the 400’s Divided into separate kingdomsEach had their own laws and customs
7England England was subject to frequent invasions from Vikings Alfred the GreatSaxon kingunites England after stopping Viking advances
8England 1066 Alfred’s descendent King Edward dies without an heir 2 people claim the throneHarold GodwinsonSon of one of Edward’s advisorsWilliam of NormandyNormandy was in FranceClaimed he had been promised the throne by Godwinson
9Battle of Hastings Conflict breaks over who should be king William wins the battle and becomes King of EnglandHarold Godwinson is killed in battleShot through the eye with in an arrow
14William the Conqueror William begins to centralize power Claims all land in England as his propertyGave land to his supporters
15William the Conqueror Domesday Book A survey of people living in England, what they owned, and how much they could pay in taxeswas used to create an efficient tax system
16ClosureIdentify one way William the conqueror established control of England.What was the purpose of the Domesday Book?Explain how the Magna Carta limited the power of the king?
171/29 Focus:The power of kings grew and the nature of the monarchy changed across Europe during the middle agesIn 1215, England instituted the Magna Carta, which placed limits on royal powerDo Now:What is the importance of the Battle of Hastings?
18The Magna Carta William’s descendants had begun to abuse their power King JohnHad lost most of the English lands in France in a expensive warBegan to raise to taxes on noblesNobles were angered by his confiscation of lands and high taxesRaised an army and forced King John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215
19The Magna Carta Document which limited the power of the king Means “Great Charter”Laid the groundwork for “democracy” in EuropeEstablished the British Parliament
20The Magna Carta Basic principles: King could not raise taxes without the approval of a council of nobles and clergyLater became the British ParliamentKing could not arrest people without cause or take property without just causeHabeas CorpusHad to be convicted by a jury to be sent to jailThe King had to obey the law; was not above the law
21France Was ruled by the Carolingian Dynasty from 843-987 Charlemagne Kings after Charlemagne gradually lost power and control of large parts of France to nobles and the English
22France The Capetian Dynasty ruled from 987-1328 Expanded control of French kings over FranceContributed to a conflict with England known as the 100 Years War
23The Holy Roman Empire Empire grew out of part of Charlemagne’s Empire Charlemagne had been crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the PopeFuture rulers were crowned by the pope after being chosen by nobles
25Power of the PopesPopes were powerful spiritual leaders but also developed political power during the Middle AgesPopes claimed authority over rulersThis often led to conflicts between Popes and kingsThe investiture controversy
26Power of the PopesPope Gregory VII tried to expand the political power of the popeThe pope can be judged by no one;The Roman church has never erred and never will err till the end of time;The pope alone can depose and restore bishops;He alone can call general councils and authorize canon lawHe can depose emperors;He can absolve subjects from their allegiance;All princes should kiss his feet.
27Closure Explain how the Magna Carta limited the power of the king? What legislative body in Britain developed from the council formed in the Magna Carta?