These things are apart of the rebirth of the Renaissance
What is Art & Learning?
Direct effect of the Renaissance on Western Europe.
What was an increase in secularism & the decrease in the power of the Church
North Looking at the two pictures. What is the difference in Northern Renaissance Art and Southern Renaissance Art? South
North more Religious South More Mythological
The belief in the importance of each individual person and that each person could be the source of the own salvation.
What weakened the power & religious authority of the pope
The Economic institution and the type of government that came out of the Renaissance belief in the importance of the individual.
What are Capitalism & Republican forms of government.
Investigated problems within the church and suggested solutions to the Pope.
What is the Council of Trent?
Sermons should be the main focus of a church service Salvation can be achieved through faith only The Bible is the only source of religious truth Church services should be in the local language.
What are the concepts emphasized by Lutheranism
Martin Luther stresses the central role of faith. The Belief of predestination spreads throughout Switzerland. The Council of Trent clarifies the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church
What are 3 things that shaped the Reformation & Counter Reformation?
People fled to the Northern states.
How Protestants/Puritans escaped Persecution during the Inquisition?
Where Luther refused to submit to To the demands of the Pope to Retract his statements about the Catholic Church.
What happened at the Diet of Worms?
Disagreements that Luther had with the Catholic Church.
What are the selling of Indulgences to the uneducated & The Bible being printed in local vernacular
Ignatius of Loyola
Part of the Counter Reformation he started the order of Jesus (Jesuits)
Person who had the greatest impact on the spread of Martin Luther’s work.
What’s the importance of Johann Gutenberg?
The Impact that the 95 Thesis had on Western Europe’s Governments.
Why the Secular Rulers in Europe abandoned the church and took church lands for themselves.
Luther’s “Ninety-Five Theses” Henry VIII’s “Acts of Supremacy” John Calvin’s “Institutes of the Christian Religion
What led to the decline in power by the Catholic Church?
What is perspective?
Nevertheless a prince out to inspire fear in such a way that, if he does not win love, he avoids hatred; because he can endure very well being feared whilst he is not hated, which will always be as longa s he abstains from the property of his citizens and subjects…” “In the actions of men, and especially of princes, from which there is no appeal, the end justifies the means.”
Who is Niccolo Machiavelli
BA Name of the statue A & B as well as the artist.
What type of architecture are A & B? How do you know?
A.Medieval (Notre Dame Paris)Medieval (Notre Dame Paris) –The Flying Buttresses & the large stain glass.The Flying Buttresses & the large stain glass. B.Renaissance (Duomo in Florence)Renaissance (Duomo in Florence) –The Dome harkening back to classical architectureThe Dome harkening back to classical architecture
Name the two ways that Michelangelo’s paintings and sculpture reflect Renaissance values.
Religious Themes Realism & very human
Thing that was Emphasized by Humanist.
Things that should be studied according to Humanist Philosophers.
What are secular (non-religious) as well as sacred (religious) subjects?
Number one issue that differentiated medieval philosophies from Renaissance Humanistic philosophies.
What’s the importance of the individual?
Gave rise to and helped spread Humanistic thought.
What is the Printing Press?
Revival of Greek and Roman Culture. Economic Growth of Italian city-states Development of Humanism
What are aspects of the European Renaissance?
“Unless I am convinced by proofs from Scriptures [the Bible] or by plain and clear reasons and arguments, I can and will not retract, for it is neither safe nor wise to do anythigna gainst conscience. Here I stand I can do no other. God help me. Amen.”