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The Election of 1828 & Presidency of Andrew Jackson “Old Hickory” as President. Identify the sectional issues during Jackson’s first term.

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Presentation on theme: "The Election of 1828 & Presidency of Andrew Jackson “Old Hickory” as President. Identify the sectional issues during Jackson’s first term."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Election of 1828 & Presidency of Andrew Jackson “Old Hickory” as President. Identify the sectional issues during Jackson’s first term.

2 Campaign  The campaign for the Election of 1828 began in February, right after the election of JQ Adams  Campaign quickly turned into mudslinging on both sides

3 Activity  With a partner, examine the 1828 electoral map worksheet, and answer the focusing questions.  Be ready to discuss as a class

4 Results  Jackson wins!  Universal white manhood suffrage  178 electoral votes to Jackson vs. 83 to Adams  Strongest support for Jackson in South & West  Proved the political power had shifted away from the eastern seaboard to the emerging states of the west

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6 Unique Jackson  Personified the rising “New Democracy”  First president from the west  First nominated at a formal party convention  Second without a college degree  First rags to riches president

7 Spoils System & Corruption  Rewarded political party workers with jobs  Many objected to corruption  Other believed change in Washington D.C. was a good thing (many public offices were still held by appointees from Washington’s administration)  Some of the men Jackson appointed were less than dishonorable  Samuel Swartwout-duties collector at port of NY- accounts were $1 million short

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9 The Tricky “Tariff of Abominations”  Congress had raised tariffs in 1824, but textile manufacturers wanted an even higher tariff  Jacksonian Democrats hated the tariff, raised the tariff to 45% in 1828 hoping it would not pass  Plan backfired and sectional warfare began  New England in favor of the tariff- Lead by Daniel Webster  South and West hated the tariff-lead by John C. Calhoun

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11 Slave Rebellion  While sectional warfare raged over tariffs, slave rebellions began to occur on the South  Slave rebellion lead by Denmark Vesey in Charleston, SC in 1822  Unsuccessful, but scared white southerners with an almost 1:1 white-black ratio  Also, the London gov’t was putting pressure on West Indies to abolish slavery  Americans feared with slave revolts, that those notions might influence the US government

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13 Calhoun & Succession  Southerners now threatened succession, and they would use the tariff of 1828 as the issue  This was the South’s opportunity to take a strong stand against all federal encroachment’s on states’ rights  Vice President John C. Calhoun secretly wrote the “South Carolina Exposition”  Similar to VA & KY Resolutions  States should nullify the tariff

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