Increased White Male Suffrage- No more land requirement!
Half-way home. What should I know? Jackson runs as a Democrat J.Q. Adams runs as a National-Republican Election is different than the one held in 1824, as there are expanded voting rights for white males. The candidate selection process is also different. Caucus- group of party representatives who pledge to vote for a candidate at a convention Nominating Convention- meeting of party members held to select a candidate who will represent the party in the general election and to establish a platform.
Group of advisors that included: - Martin Van Buren (Secretary of State) - Francis Blair (Editor of the Washington Globe)
Intro Part 2 Review Jackson won the election of 1828. His supporters threw a wild party at the White House to celebrate. Jackson is viewed as a “common man”. Jackson’s Vice President is John C. Calhoun Spoils System- after winning election, Jackson appointed some of his supporters to federal positions. Many of these men were unqualified for the job. Kitchen Cabinet- A group of unofficial advisors to President Jackson that included his Secretary of State Martin Van Buren, and Washington Globe editor Francis Blair
Nullification Crisis And the Tariff of Abominations
After War of 1812, British begin dumping goods in the U.S. The Conflict
Congress passes the Tariff of 1828 in May of that year.
The South opposes the tariff, with South Carolina leading the opposition.
Half way home! What should I know? The U.S. Congress enacted the Tariff of 1828 in May of 1828. The tariff was designed to protect manufactured goods from unhealthy foreign competition. Dumping Goods- To sell a goods in another country at a much lower price than in the home country The South opposes the Tariff. It causes the cost of goods to go up for the South because they must now purchase the more expensive Northern goods (or pay even more for cheap foreign goods that are heavily taxed), while lowering the amount the South makes by exporting cotton. South Carolina leads the opposition to the tariff.
Tariff of 1832 Quits VP to support home state of S.C. Writes South Carolina Exposition and Protest. The ‘Solution(s)’
Jackson must choose a new VP for 1832. He chooses his Secretary of State, Martin Van Buren.
Nullification Part Two Review Calhoun resigns to support South Carolina in opposition to the Tariff of 1832 Jackson chooses Martin Van Buren as his replacement South Carolina Exposition and Protest, written by Calhoun, outlines the idea of “state’s rights” States Rights- the idea that the states’ power is superior to that of the federal government Nullification- Declaring that a FEDERAL bill or law will not be enforced in a state. Jackson acquires a force bill in order to prepare the army to enforce the Tariff of 1832 Compromise plans for tariff to be gradually reduced over time, crisis is averted
The 5 “Civilized Tribes” Look at the picture: Why might the white settlers see Chief John Ross (and his tribe, the Cherokee) as “civilized”?
The Cherokees: Adopted US currency Converted to Christianity Began farming Purchased land 1821- Sequoyah invents written language 1828- publish newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix, in both Cherokee and English
Indian Removal Act of 1830 Passes in House by 5 votes Jackson supports removal
Cherokees adopt “white” ways -newspaper, Cherokee Phoenix -white dress -U.S. currency -purchase land -farming Indian Removal Act of 1830 requires Cherokees to move from tribal lands to “Indian Territory” in Oklahoma
Many in the United States oppose Indian Removal including author Ralph Waldo Emerson (pictured)
Worcester v. Georgia Marshall rules: Cherokees are dependent nation, can make treaties with U.S. federal government Federal overrides state authority, therefore Georgia must obey federal treaties “Justice Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it”- President Andrew Jackson.
U.S. Army marches Cherokee 1000 miles to new lands Not enough supplies are ordered for the trek Over 4000 are lost on the march westward
Many Seminoles evaded capture and small communities remain in Florida today Many Cherokee were successful in evading removal or purchasing land to remain “legally” in the East Cherokees formed a corporation through which they purchased land for the Eastern Tribe
U.S. public was divided over the legality of Removal Worcester v. Georgia- Cherokees won, Georgia must listen to treaties that protect Cherokee land Jackson enforced removal anyway Many Cherokee were lost on the trek West Fewer would have died if proper supplies had been ordered Despite the Removal Act, many Seminoles and Cherokee remained in the traditional tribal lands after 1838
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