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RECAP! SKILL and NATURAL ABILITIES –Speed reaction time –Agility –Co-ordination –Flexibility & Balance Differences in novice and skilled performers:- consistency,

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Presentation on theme: "RECAP! SKILL and NATURAL ABILITIES –Speed reaction time –Agility –Co-ordination –Flexibility & Balance Differences in novice and skilled performers:- consistency,"— Presentation transcript:

1 RECAP! SKILL and NATURAL ABILITIES –Speed reaction time –Agility –Co-ordination –Flexibility & Balance Differences in novice and skilled performers:- consistency, energy, time, adaptability P – read.

2 EXAMPLES ALL THE WAY “WHOLE LEARNING” –Simple skill that can be learnt all at once

3 “ PART LEARNING” –More complicated, can be broken down and put together –Practice individual parts, refine them, gel together!

4 INFORMATION PROCESSING Model to show how you turn information into movements Applies whilst learning a skill and executing it “real time”

5 DEFINITION “ Athletes make decisions on what tactics to use or how to defend or attack in split-seconds during a performance. How well they use learned skills in a performance is dependent on the way they learned the skill in the first place. The brain takes on information and uses it as part of a system, the information processing system.” (www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/)

6 INPUT Receiving information from senses – E.g Sight Sound Touch Taste Smell “feel” of muscles Knowledge of what’s going on around them How might this affect their role in the game

7 DECISION MAKING Thinking and deciding Related to the input the brain has just received Input is processed (compared to memory), and the correct action is selected. Any performance requires continual DM – conscious & subconscious (automatic) egs?

8 OUTPUT Input + DM = Output Receive info -> think/decide -> carry out action Action – movement of muscles, by brain/ motor nerves. Movement efficiency, muscle memory

9 FEEDBACK After skill performance -> √ or X Was it correct, was it successful “ never a bad decision, just poor execution” Comes from who? Int, Ext KR – outcome KP – nature of performance Added to memory – put back into the cycle

10 Key aspects to feedback: evaluation, analysis and planning for improvement Training………. regular, perfect practice, expertise Expert is key is feedback process??? –R–Rules –S–Skills –F–Fitness aspects –L–Learning process –C–Communicator – how? (coursework)

11 BRAIN & PERCEPTION

12 Group task in pairs – You are going to teach the front crawl to a friend who can already swim Would you break the skill down into parts – why? Would you demonstrate the whole skill first – why? Do you think it would help your friend to learn the whole skill early on – Why? Make a plan showing how you would teach the skill to a friend – include feedback, evaluation and analysis.

13 HOMEWORK Choose 2 sports, 1 that is you number 1 and another that you are less familiar with Go through the Information processing model for a skill in both sports and give information relating to each element of the model Read over Pages then 44-47


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