Presentation on theme: "Cole Harbour High School"— Presentation transcript:
1Cole Harbour High School STI Presentation“Ms.Harris’ Class”
2Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases: STD 101 for Non-Clinicians Developed byThe Training and HealthCommunications Branch, in partnership withthe Program Development and Support Branch,Division of STD PreventionNCHSTP, CDC
13Chlamydia Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria Incubation Period: 2-3 weeksThe person can pass it onWithout testing may not know it’s there
14Presentation of Chlamydia Symptoms in Females:Abnormal vaginal dischargePain during sexPossibly no symptomsComplications, if not treated:Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)InfertilitySymptoms in Males:Discharge from the penis (may be runny, whitish)Burning upon urinationComplications, if not treatedSwollen and tender testicles (epididymitis)Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)
15Testing & Treatment for Chlamydia Easily detected by a urine test for males; and pap test for females
17SyphilisSyphilisSyphilis is sometimes called “bad blood ,” pox, lues, or a “zipper cut”Syphilis is caused by a bacteriumIncubation Period: days (average 21 days)
18Common Symptoms of Syphilis Primary Stage Occurs in males and femalesA painless sore called a chancre. The sore may be located on the genitals, lips, anus, or other area of direct contactThe chancre will last 1-5 weeks and heal without treatmentThe person can pass it on
19Common Symptoms of Syphilis Secondary Stage May include skin rashes, fever, swollen lymph glands, headache, hair loss, and muscle acheThe skin rash may be on the palms of hands, bottoms of the feet, or any part of the bodyThe rash may last 2-6 weeks (average of 4 weeks); it will heal without treatmentThe person may be able to pass it on
20Common Symptoms of Syphilis Late Stage Symptoms may include: paralysis, insanity, blindness, damage to knee joints, personality changes, impotency, aneurysm (ballooning of a blood vessel), or tumor on the skin or internal organs
21Testing & Treatment for Syphilis Easily detected by a blood test; andEasily cured with antibiotics;But any damage done to the body cannot be repaired.
27HerpesGenital HerpesThere are two common kinds of Herpes and both are caused by a virusHerpes I is also called a cold sore, or a fever blisterHerpes II is Genital HerpesIncubation Period: 2-7 days
28Common Symptoms of Genital Herpes Small red sores that can last up to 2-3 weeks, and may be on the: penis, vagina, anus, buttocks, thighs, mouth, or fingerSymptoms may include swollen lymph glands, muscle aches, headache, fever, and difficult urination
29Testing & Treatment for Genital Herpes Can be detected by culturing the lesionSymptoms can be treated with prescribed medicationsHerpes cannot be curedYou can still spread Herpes even if you are taking medicine!
30HerpesHerpes ComplicationsIf not treated in adults Genital Herpes may cause stress and painLethal to neonates
31Genital Herpes in a Male Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD, STD Clinical Slides
32Herpes in a Female Herpes Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD, STD Clinical SlidesSource: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
33You can get herpes anywhere . . . Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
35Human Papillomavirus (commonly called Genital Warts) HPVHuman Papillomavirus (commonly called Genital Warts)Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is also known as “venereal warts”Genital Warts are caused by a virusIncubation Period: 3 weeks—9 monthsHPV infection is causally associated with cervical cancer and probably other anal, penile, vulvar, vaginal cancersOver 99% of cervical cancers have HPV DNA detected within the tumor
36Common Symptoms of Genital Warts in Males & Females HPVCommon Symptoms of Genital Warts in Males & FemalesThe symptoms may include single or multiple fleshy growths around the penis, vagina, anus, urethraThey may also include: itching, bleeding, or burning, and painThe symptoms may recur from time to time
37Complications of Genital Warts (if untreated) HPVComplications of Genital Warts (if untreated)It may destroy body tissue around the genitals and anusIt may lead to cancer of the cervix in women
38Testing & Treatment for Genital Warts HPVTesting & Treatment for Genital WartsCan be detected in a clinical exam;Can be treated by removing the warts;The virus cannot be removed, so the warts may grow back.
39HPVOral WartsSource: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
41Genital Warts in a Male HPV Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention,STD Clinical SlidesSource: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
42If you have ever had vaginal, anal or oral sex, you are at risk for STIs.
43Useful Information Yearly check-ups are necessary. Everytime you change partners you need to be checked.Pap tests for women are easy to accessSTI testing for men and women is easy to accessAll testing is confidential
44NOW…WHERE TO GO!!! • Planned Parenthood Metro Clinic-Halifax Quinpool RoadPhone: (902)Website:Family Focus – Dartmouth Well Women ClinicFamily Doctor
45You Also Have!!!! CAVWAY YOUTH HEALTH CENTRE Diane MacLean – Public Health ServicesPhone: