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STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 1 Cole Harbour High School STI Presentation “Ms.Harris’ Class”

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Presentation on theme: "STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 1 Cole Harbour High School STI Presentation “Ms.Harris’ Class”"— Presentation transcript:

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2 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 1 Cole Harbour High School STI Presentation “Ms.Harris’ Class”

3 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 2 Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases: STD 101 for Non-Clinicians Developed by The Training and Health Communications Branch, in partnership with the Program Development and Support Branch, Division of STD Prevention NCHSTP, CDC

4 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 3 Topics Gonorrhea Chlamydia Syphilis Herpes HPV – genital warts

5 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 4 Gonorrhea

6 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 5 Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is sometimes called clap, drip, dose, strain, gleet or the whites Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria Incubation Period: 1-30 days (average 2-5 days) The person can pass it on Gonorrhea

7 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 6 Testing & Treatment for Gonorrhea Easily detected by a simple lab test; and Easily cured with antibiotics; but often has no symptoms Any damage cannot be repaired Gonorrhea

8 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 7 Complications in Males Swollen or tender testicles (epididymitis) Gonorrhea

9 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 8 Gonorrhea Symptoms in Males –Discharge from the penis (may be thick, milky white, yellowish, or greenish) Burning upon urination Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides Gonorrhea

10 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 9 Swollen or Tender Testicles (Epididymitis) Source: Health Awareness Connection, Gonorrhea

11 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 10 Complications in Females Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Gonorrhea

12 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 11 Gonorrhea Symptoms in Females Painful urination Abnormal uterine bleeding Pain during sex Most do not know they have it Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides Gonorrhea

13 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 12 Chlamydia

14 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 13 Chlamydia Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria Incubation Period: 2-3 weeks The person can pass it on Without testing may not know it’s there Chlamydia

15 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 14 Presentation of Chlamydia Symptoms in Females: Abnormal vaginal discharge Pain during sex Possibly no symptoms Complications, if not treated: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)(PID) Infertility Symptoms in Males: Discharge from the penis (may be runny, whitish) Burning upon urination Complications, if not treated Swollen and tender testicles (epididymitis)(epididymitis) Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) Chlamydia

16 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 15 Testing & Treatment for Chlamydia Easily detected by a urine test for males; and pap test for females Chlamydia

17 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 16 Syphilis

18 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 17 Syphilis Syphilis is sometimes called “bad blood,” pox, lues, or a “zipper cut” Syphilis is caused by a bacterium Incubation Period: days (average 21 days) Syphilis

19 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 18 Common Symptoms of Syphilis Primary Stage Occurs in males and females A painless sore called a chancre. The sore may be located on the genitals, lips, anus, or other area of direct contact The chancre will last 1-5 weeks and heal without treatment The person can pass it on Syphilis

20 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 19 Common Symptoms of Syphilis Secondary Stage May include skin rashes, fever, swollen lymph glands, headache, hair loss, and muscle ache The skin rash may be on the palms of hands, bottoms of the feet, or any part of the body The rash may last 2-6 weeks (average of 4 weeks); it will heal without treatment The person may be able to pass it on Syphilis

21 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 20 Common Symptoms of Syphilis Late Stage Symptoms may include: paralysis, insanity, blindness, damage to knee joints, personality changes, impotency, aneurysm (ballooning of a blood vessel), or tumor on the skin or internal organs Syphilis

22 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 21 Testing & Treatment for Syphilis Easily detected by a blood test; and Easily cured with antibiotics; But any damage done to the body cannot be repaired. Syphilis

23 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 22 Oral Primary Syphilis Chancre Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides Syphilis

24 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 23 Secondary Syphilis Body Rash Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides Syphilis

25 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 24 Secondary Syphilis Palm Rash Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides Syphilis

26 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 25 Congenital Syphilis A mother can pass syphilis on to her unborn child Syphilis

27 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 26 Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)

28 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 27 Genital Herpes There are two common kinds of Herpes and both are caused by a virus Herpes I is also called a cold sore, or a fever blister Herpes II is Genital Herpes –Incubation Period: 2-7 days Herpes

29 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 28 Common Symptoms of Genital Herpes Small red sores that can last up to 2-3 weeks, and may be on the: penis, vagina, anus, buttocks, thighs, mouth, or finger Symptoms may include swollen lymph glands, muscle aches, headache, fever, and difficult urination Herpes

30 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 29 Testing & Treatment for Genital Herpes Can be detected by culturing the lesion Symptoms can be treated with prescribed medications Herpes cannot be cured You can still spread Herpes even if you are taking medicine! Herpes

31 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 30 Herpes Complications If not treated in adults Genital Herpes may cause stress and pain Lethal to neonates Herpes

32 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 31 Genital Herpes in a Male Herpes Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD, STD Clinical Slides

33 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 32 Herpes in a Female Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center Herpes Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD, STD Clinical Slides

34 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 33 You can get herpes anywhere... Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center Herpes

35 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 34 Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Genital Warts

36 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 35 Human Papillomavirus (commonly called Genital Warts) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is also known as “venereal warts” Genital Warts are caused by a virus Incubation Period: 3 weeks—9 months HPV infection is causally associated with cervical cancer and probably other anal, penile, vulvar, vaginal cancers Over 99% of cervical cancers have HPV DNA detected within the tumor HPV

37 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 36 Common Symptoms of Genital Warts in Males & Females The symptoms may include single or multiple fleshy growths around the penis, vagina, anus, urethra They may also include: itching, bleeding, or burning, and pain The symptoms may recur from time to time HPV

38 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 37 Complications of Genital Warts (if untreated) It may destroy body tissue around the genitals and anus It may lead to cancer of the cervix in women HPV

39 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 38 Testing & Treatment for Genital Warts Can be detected in a clinical exam; Can be treated by removing the warts; The virus cannot be removed, so the warts may grow back. HPV

40 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 39 Oral Warts Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center HPV

41 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 40 Female Genital Warts HPV Source: CDC/NCHSTP/Division of STD, STD Clinical Slides

42 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 41 Genital Warts in a Male Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides HPV

43 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 42 If you have ever had vaginal, anal or oral sex, you are at risk for STIs.

44 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 43 Useful Information Yearly check-ups are necessary. Everytime you change partners you need to be checked. Pap tests for women are easy to access STI testing for men and women is easy to access All testing is confidential

45 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 44 Planned Parenthood Metro Clinic-Halifax Quinpool Road Phone: (902) Website: Family Focus – Dartmouth Well Women Clinic Family Doctor NOW…WHERE TO GO!!!

46 STD 101 for Non-Clinicians 45 You Also Have!!!! CAVWAY YOUTH HEALTH CENTRE Diane MacLean – Public Health Services Phone:


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