Presentation on theme: "Read me now Welcome back."— Presentation transcript:
1Read me nowWelcome back.Homework: Complete the chart on STDs by Tuesday.What are we doing today: Learning about the consequences of STDS.
2Read me first STD Chart (homework) is due Tuesday
3STDs / STIs Infections that pass from person to person through Sexual activity2. Close body contactYou can have an infection, but look and feel healthy.Young people are more likely to get STDs particularly girls and boys
4What causes these diseases? Bacteria: Syphilis, Gonorrhea, ChlamydiaVirus: AIDS, Herpes, & Genital WartsParasites: Crabs and scabies
5Although, there are more that 25 different STDs, will be talking about the more common ones. ChlamydiaSyphilisGonorrheaScabiesCrabsAids…. Herpes …. Genital Warts
6Why are teens at so much risk? They are in multiple relationshipsImmune systems are not fully developed and the teen body is less resistant to germs.Female cervixes are stilldeveloping and mayhave small openingswhere germs find iteasy to invade.
7Why are teens at risk?Teens like to experiment with drugs and alcohol and may take risks that might otherwise be avoided when sober.Most teens don’tthink they can getan STD.
8However……. Do you know…1 out of 4 sexually active teens will get an STD.&One out of every 5Americans has hadan STD.
9Then, how many students are having sex? 440 x.41 If there are 440 students in CCS’s High School 41% are sexually active…..(according to the TAP survey 2011 of Oneida Co.)Then, how many students are having sex?440x.41180 kids choosing to have sexWow…now if ¼ are infected with an std…..180/4 = 45 will have/ had a stdLets do some Math
10How do people catch these germs? Through sexual activity (oral, vaginal and anal) The germs are carried in body fluids such as blood and vaginal secretions and semen.Some are shed from the skin.Mothers transmit them to babies.Sometime through personal items.
11What are some symptoms you may notice? Any abnormal discharge from the penis or vaginaBurning when urinatingUnusual sores or blisters in the genitalsPain in the belly, testicles or lower abdomenItching*most people don’t have or can’t see the symptoms
12Abnormal dischargeFemales have a discharge from the vagina that changes through her menstrual cycle.An abnormal discharge smells and is a yellow or greenish color.Male should never have a discharge from the penis except for urine and semen.An abnormal discharge smells and is green or yellow in color.
13Pain when urinatingIt should never hurt to pee. If it does, see your doctor. You may have a urinary track infection. (or an STD)
14Oral Primary Syphilis Chancre Primary Syphilis Chancre in a ManSource: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides
15Secondary Syphilis Body Rash Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides
16Sores , Blisters, and Rashes Chancre last 1-6 weeksSyphilisContagious non-itchy rash:lasting 2-12 weeks
17Genital Herpes 2 Oral Herpes 1 Life Long Diseases
18You can get herpes anywhere . . . Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
19Oral Herpes/Cold Sores Transmitted by kissing and brushing against the lesion. They may also be transmitted by using a cup, eating utensil, lip gloss, toothbrush or even a face towel.This infection can alsobe transmitted to otherparts of the body (eye, fingers).
20Genital Warts or HPV Human Papillomavirus Warts will grow in anarea that has been infectedby skin to skin contact.Warts may appear severalweeks or evenmonths after contact.Genital Warts are a leading cause of cervical cancer in females.LIFE LONG DISEASE
22Itching in the genital area Crabs and Scabies live on and just under your skin. The movement of these “bugs” causes a person to feel itchy. Itching usually begins 5 days after being infestedThese bugs won’t cause serious harm to the body, but are a major nuisance.They are spread by closebody contact and somepersonal items (clothing,bedding, toilet seats)
23Remember Most people do not have these warning signs or symptoms. Therefore if you are sexually active you must see a dr. every 6 months. (to be checked)
24What can happen if my STD is not treated? 1. You can become infertile(not able to have children)gonorrhea & chlamydia2. Girls can increase the riskof cervical cancer (warts)3. Hair loss, blindness, deafness, heart disease, brain damage, paralysis and more.
25Danger of Gonorrhea & Chlamydia Gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause and infection in the fallopian tubes causing scar tissue to form. This scar tissue will plug the tube resulting in infertility.This can happen to boys too in their sperm duct.Scar tissue in Fallopian TubeUterusOvaryCervixVagina
26Gonorrhea and Chlamydia can block the sperm ducts too. Blocked withScar tissue
27Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) GonorrheaPelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
28STDS harm babies also Still birth Low birth weight Eye infections & blindnessDeafnessHepatitis & cirrhosis (Liver damage)Neonatal sepsis (infection in the baby’s blood)
29How can I prevent getting a STD? The only sure way to avoid STDS is to choose to be abstinent! Enjoy the relationship without having sex or skin to skin contact.
30But if you are sexually active…… Visit a doctoror clinicevery 6months!
31What does a doctor do? Looks at your genitals Takes a sample of blood Take a sample of urineTake a sample of any dischargeGives advice on how to protect yourself from other infectionsMay prescribe a treatment plan (drugs)
32What should a person do if they think they have a STD? Tell a trusted adultSee their health care providerAvoid all contact with others until you know for sure (you don’t want to spread it).
33Why should a person tell their partner(s) if they are infected? 1. so the partner can also be checked2. so people don’t spread the disease further
34What is the easiest way to prevent STDs? Abstinence