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Read me now Welcome back.

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Presentation on theme: "Read me now Welcome back."— Presentation transcript:

1 Read me now Welcome back. Homework: Complete the chart on STDs by Tuesday. What are we doing today: Learning about the consequences of STDS.

2 Read me first STD Chart (homework) is due Tuesday

3 STDs / STIs Infections that pass from person to person through
Sexual activity 2. Close body contact You can have an infection, but look and feel healthy. Young people are more likely to get STDs particularly girls and boys

4 What causes these diseases?
Bacteria: Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia Virus: AIDS, Herpes, & Genital Warts Parasites: Crabs and scabies

5 Although, there are more that 25 different STDs, will be talking about the more common ones.
Chlamydia Syphilis Gonorrhea Scabies Crabs Aids…. Herpes …. Genital Warts

6 Why are teens at so much risk?
They are in multiple relationships Immune systems are not fully developed and the teen body is less resistant to germs. Female cervixes are still developing and may have small openings where germs find it easy to invade.

7 Why are teens at risk? Teens like to experiment with drugs and alcohol and may take risks that might otherwise be avoided when sober. Most teens don’t think they can get an STD.

8 However……. Do you know… 1 out of 4 sexually active teens will get an STD. & One out of every 5 Americans has had an STD.

9 Then, how many students are having sex? 440 x.41
If there are 440 students in CCS’s High School 41% are sexually active…..(according to the TAP survey 2011 of Oneida Co.) Then, how many students are having sex? 440 x.41 180 kids choosing to have sex Wow…now if ¼ are infected with an std….. 180/4 = 45 will have/ had a std Lets do some Math

10 How do people catch these germs?
Through sexual activity (oral, vaginal and anal) The germs are carried in body fluids such as blood and vaginal secretions and semen. Some are shed from the skin. Mothers transmit them to babies. Sometime through personal items.

11 What are some symptoms you may notice?
Any abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina Burning when urinating Unusual sores or blisters in the genitals Pain in the belly, testicles or lower abdomen Itching *most people don’t have or can’t see the symptoms

12 Abnormal discharge Females have a discharge from the vagina that changes through her menstrual cycle. An abnormal discharge smells and is a yellow or greenish color. Male should never have a discharge from the penis except for urine and semen. An abnormal discharge smells and is green or yellow in color.

13 Pain when urinating It should never hurt to pee. If it does, see your doctor. You may have a urinary track infection. (or an STD)

14 Oral Primary Syphilis Chancre
Primary Syphilis Chancre in a Man Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides

15 Secondary Syphilis Body Rash
Source: CDC/ NCHSTP/ Division of STD Prevention, STD Clinical Slides

16 Sores , Blisters, and Rashes
Chancre last 1-6 weeks Syphilis Contagious non-itchy rash: lasting 2-12 weeks

17 Genital Herpes 2 Oral Herpes 1
Life Long Diseases

18 You can get herpes anywhere . . .
Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center

19 Oral Herpes/Cold Sores
Transmitted by kissing and brushing against the lesion. They may also be transmitted by using a cup, eating utensil, lip gloss, toothbrush or even a face towel. This infection can also be transmitted to other parts of the body (eye, fingers).

20 Genital Warts or HPV Human Papillomavirus
Warts will grow in an area that has been infected by skin to skin contact. Warts may appear several weeks or even months after contact. Genital Warts are a leading cause of cervical cancer in females. LIFE LONG DISEASE

21 Swollen glands or pain in the abdomen or groin

22 Itching in the genital area
Crabs and Scabies live on and just under your skin. The movement of these “bugs” causes a person to feel itchy. Itching usually begins 5 days after being infested These bugs won’t cause serious harm to the body, but are a major nuisance. They are spread by close body contact and some personal items (clothing, bedding, toilet seats)

23 Remember Most people do not have these warning signs or symptoms.
Therefore if you are sexually active you must see a dr. every 6 months. (to be checked)

24 What can happen if my STD is not treated?
1. You can become infertile (not able to have children) gonorrhea & chlamydia 2. Girls can increase the risk of cervical cancer (warts) 3. Hair loss, blindness, deafness, heart disease, brain damage, paralysis and more.

25 Danger of Gonorrhea & Chlamydia
Gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause and infection in the fallopian tubes causing scar tissue to form. This scar tissue will plug the tube resulting in infertility. This can happen to boys too in their sperm duct. Scar tissue in Fallopian Tube Uterus Ovary Cervix Vagina

26 Gonorrhea and Chlamydia can block the sperm ducts too.
Blocked with Scar tissue

27 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Gonorrhea Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Source: Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center

28 STDS harm babies also Still birth Low birth weight
Eye infections & blindness Deafness Hepatitis & cirrhosis (Liver damage) Neonatal sepsis (infection in the baby’s blood)

29 How can I prevent getting a STD?
The only sure way to avoid STDS is to choose to be abstinent! Enjoy the relationship without having sex or skin to skin contact.

30 But if you are sexually active……
Visit a doctor or clinic every 6 months!

31 What does a doctor do? Looks at your genitals Takes a sample of blood
Take a sample of urine Take a sample of any discharge Gives advice on how to protect yourself from other infections May prescribe a treatment plan (drugs)

32 What should a person do if they think they have a STD?
Tell a trusted adult See their health care provider Avoid all contact with others until you know for sure (you don’t want to spread it).

33 Why should a person tell their partner(s) if they are infected?
1. so the partner can also be checked 2. so people don’t spread the disease further

34 What is the easiest way to prevent STDs?

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