2GonorrheaCaused by bacteria that can infect the mucous membranes of the penis, vagina, throat, or rectum.Gonorrhea: While reported rates are at historically low levels, cases increased slightly from last year and more than 300,000 cases were reported in According to the CDC.
3What are the signs & symptoms of Gonorrhea? Womenoften no signs or symptoms; vaginal irritation & discharge; pain in lower abdomenMalesfrequent, painful urination; heavy yellow discharge of pus from penis; tenderness in groin or testicles; swollen lymph nodes or groin
4Gonorrhea Can be cured with antibiotics If it is left untreated it can lead to PID and infertility.
5Chlamydia The most common bacterial STD in the USA. Cause: Bacteria In 2010, 1.3 million chlamydia cases were reported.
6What are the signs & symptoms of Chlamydia? Womenusually no signs or symptoms; painful urination; vaginal discharge; pain in lower abdomen; bleeding between menstrual periodsMenoften no signs or symptoms; painful, difficult urination; white or yellow discharge from penis
7Chlamydia Cure: Antibiotics If left untreated: Can lead to PID and infertility
8Genital Herpes: Cause: Virus 2 types of Herpes Virus Type 1 – found above the waist [cold sores or fever blisters on the mouth]Type 2 – found below the waist
9What are the signs & symptoms of Genital Herpes? Womenusually no signs or symptoms; painful blisters on cervix, vagina, vulva, thighs, or buttocks; sluggish feeling; fever; flu-like symptoms; lymph node enlargementMenusually no signs or symptoms; blisters on penis, thighs, or buttocks; painful urination; sluggish feeling; fever; flu-like symptoms; lymph node enlargement
10HerpesCure: NoneGenital herpes infection is common in the United States. Nationwide, 16.2%, or about one out of six, people aged 14 to 49 years have genital HSV-2 infection according to the CDC.
11Syphilis:Caused by bacteria that can spread through bloodstream to any organ in the body.
12What are the signs & symptoms for Syphilis? First signs: small, red bumps at the point of infection, which becomes an open sore oozing fluid (called a chancre)
13SyphilisLater signs: a rash; a dull, depressed feeling; fever, joint pain; hair loss, large moist sores around the sex organs or mouthFinal stage: blindness; brain damage; paralysis; can cause death
14HPV=Human Papilloma Virus Caused by a virus5 million new cases in U.S. teenagers each year, leading cause of cervical cancer .
15What are the signs and symptoms of HPV? causes warts in the genital and anal areashas been linked to cervical cancer and penile cancerNO CURE!Warts can be removed by tricloracetic acid; podophyllin; laser; liquid nitrogen; surgery
16Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: An infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes.Caused by BacteriaSigns/Symptoms: vaginal discharge, burning during urination, abdominal or pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual cycles.If left untreated may result in infertility
17Pubic Lice: AKA Crabs Caused by an insect Signs/Symptoms: Intense itching & possible rash in genital area; occasional swelling of lymph nodes in the groinMedicine: Medicated lotions & shampoos
18Testing & diagnosis for STDs A person who has an STD can go to a family doctor, or a private doctor to get testedThere are public health clinics that offer free or low-cost treatmentClinics can be found in the Yellow Pages
19Treatment for STDsAfter a person takes medicine and feels better, they have to keep taking the medicine until it is completely goneSex partners should be treated at the same time for certain STDsIf both sex partners are not treated at the same time, they can continue to re-infect each other
20Myths of STI’s Birth control pills prevent STI’s. Washing the genitals after sex prevents STI’s.It is best to see if an STI goes away on it’s own before going to the doctor.The medicine for one kind of STI will cure any STIAs soon as the person feels better, he or she can stop taking their medicine.If one sex partner is treated for an STI, the other partner doesn’t need to be.It is easy to tell if a person has an STI.