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Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections. Gonorrhea  Caused by bacteria that can infect the mucous membranes of the penis, vagina, throat, or rectum.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections. Gonorrhea  Caused by bacteria that can infect the mucous membranes of the penis, vagina, throat, or rectum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections

2 Gonorrhea  Caused by bacteria that can infect the mucous membranes of the penis, vagina, throat, or rectum.  Gonorrhea: While reported rates are at historically low levels, cases increased slightly from last year and more than 300,000 cases were reported in According to the CDC.

3 What are the signs & symptoms of Gonorrhea? Women  often no signs or symptoms; vaginal irritation & discharge; pain in lower abdomen Males  frequent, painful urination; heavy yellow discharge of pus from penis; tenderness in groin or testicles; swollen lymph nodes or groin

4 Gonorrhea  Can be cured with antibiotics  If it is left untreated it can lead to PID and infertility.

5 Chlamydia  The most common bacterial STD in the USA.  Cause : Bacteria  In 2010, 1.3 million chlamydia cases were reported.

6 What are the signs & symptoms of Chlamydia? Women  usually no signs or symptoms; painful urination; vaginal discharge; pain in lower abdomen; bleeding between menstrual periods Men  often no signs or symptoms; painful, difficult urination; white or yellow discharge from penis

7 Chlamydia  Cure: Antibiotics  If left untreated : Can lead to PID and infertility

8 Genital Herpes:  Cause: Virus  2 types of Herpes Virus  Type 1 – found above the waist [cold sores or fever blisters on the mouth]  Type 2 – found below the waist

9 What are the signs & symptoms of Genital Herpes?  Women  usually no signs or symptoms; painful blisters on cervix, vagina, vulva, thighs, or buttocks; sluggish feeling; fever; flu-like symptoms; lymph node enlargement  Men  usually no signs or symptoms; blisters on penis, thighs, or buttocks; painful urination; sluggish feeling; fever; flu-like symptoms; lymph node enlargement

10 Herpes  Cure: None  Genital herpes infection is common in the United States. Nationwide, 16.2%, or about one out of six, people aged 14 to 49 years have genital HSV-2 infection according to the CDC.

11 Syphilis:  Caused by bacteria that can spread through bloodstream to any organ in the body.

12 What are the signs & symptoms for Syphilis?  First signs: small, red bumps at the point of infection, which becomes an open sore oozing fluid (called a chancre)

13 Syphilis  Later signs: a rash; a dull, depressed feeling; fever, joint pain; hair loss, large moist sores around the sex organs or mouth  Final stage: blindness; brain damage; paralysis; can cause death

14 HPV=Human Papilloma Virus  Caused by a virus  5 million new cases in U.S. teenagers each year, leading cause of cervical cancer.

15 What are the signs and symptoms of HPV?  causes warts in the genital and anal areas  has been linked to cervical cancer and penile cancer  NO CURE!  Warts can be removed by tricloracetic acid; podophyllin; laser; liquid nitrogen; surgery

16 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease:  An infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes.  Caused by Bacteria  Signs/Symptoms: vaginal discharge, burning during urination, abdominal or pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual cycles.  If left untreated may result in infertility

17 Pubic Lice: AKA Crabs  Caused by an insect  Signs/Symptoms: Intense itching & possible rash in genital area; occasional swelling of lymph nodes in the groin  Medicine: Medicated lotions & shampoos

18 Testing & diagnosis for STDs  A person who has an STD can go to a family doctor, or a private doctor to get tested  There are public health clinics that offer free or low-cost treatment  Clinics can be found in the Yellow Pages

19 Treatment for STDs  After a person takes medicine and feels better, they have to keep taking the medicine until it is completely gone  Sex partners should be treated at the same time for certain STDs  If both sex partners are not treated at the same time, they can continue to re-infect each other

20 Myths of STI’s  Birth control pills prevent STI’s.  Washing the genitals after sex prevents STI’s.  It is best to see if an STI goes away on it’s own before going to the doctor.  The medicine for one kind of STI will cure any STI  As soon as the person feels better, he or she can stop taking their medicine.  If one sex partner is treated for an STI, the other partner doesn’t need to be.  It is easy to tell if a person has an STI.


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