3 By the end of today’s class, you should be able to: 1. generate examples of intersexuality and gender variance. 2. discuss the causes, symptoms, and therapeutic options for Turner’s syndrome and Androgen Insensitivity syndrome. 3. describe third genders identified in other cultures.
4 Examples of intersexuality: What is gender? (continued)
5 Results from a missing or damaged X chromosome (XO) in females. Turner’s Syndrome Individuals with Turner’s syndrome develop female external genitalia, but do not develop functional ovaries. Incidence: 1/2500 – 1/5000 live births.
12 Occurs among XY individuals whose cells are insensitive to androgens. Due to the presence of a Y chromosome, androgen- secreting testes develop in the fetus; however, the body does not respond to these androgens. Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) As a result, external genitalia appear female. Prevalence: 1/13,000 – 1/65,000
13 Symptoms: Amenorrhea Reproductive sterility Undescended testes Shortened vagina Little or no body hair Tend to exceed societal standards of beauty for females.