2Common Names monosomy X Ullrich-Turner syndrome 45 X Mosaic Turner syndromeGonadal dysgenesis
3Type of Disorder Chromosomal condition Turner’s syndrome is neither recessive or dominant, it’s a condition that causes infertility and immature sexual development in women, it is due to the possession of only one X chromosome, instead of the two always present in normal women.
5Symptoms Swollen hands and feet Wide and webbed neck Absent or incomplete development at puberty, including sparse pubic hair and small breastsBroad, flat chest shaped like a shieldDrooping eyelidsDry eyesInfertilityNo periods (absent menstruation)Short heightVaginal dryness, can lead to painful intercourse
6When and how to test for it Turner syndrome can be diagnosed at any stage of life. It may be diagnosed before birth if chromosome analysis is done during prenatal testing.The doctor will perform a physical exam and look for signs of underdevelopment.The following tests may also be performed:Blood hormone levelsEchocardiogramKaryotypingMRI of the chestUltrasound of reproductive organs and kidneysPelvic examTurner syndrome may also alter various estrogen levels in the blood and urine.
7Deadly? Shorten life span? Turner’s syndrome is not deadlyIt does have many health risks associated with it, but most people live long lives with it.
8TreatmentSince Turners syndrome is a condition there are no cures, but there is a lot of treatments that can help correct some of the symptoms.Growth hormone may help a child with Turner syndrome grow taller. Estrogen replacement therapy is often started when the girl is 12 or 13 years old. This helps trigger the growth of breasts, pubic hair, and other sexual characteristics.Women with Turner syndrome who wish to become pregnant may consider using a donor egg.Current treatment includes Estrogen therapy
9People most likely to get Turner’s syndrome FemalesIt doesn’t affect any certain ethnic or race group
10How common is Turner’s syndrome Turner’s syndrome occurs in about 1 in 2,500 live births10% of spontaneously aborted fetuses have this disorder
11Support Groups There is a support group called “Short Happens!” There are also many support groups online for younger girls to talk about living with Turner’s Syndrome.
12Interesting FactsMost girls that go untreated only grow to 4 feet 8 inchesDiscovered in 1938 by Dr. Henry Turner800 new cases of Turner's syndrome are reported yearly in the United States