Presentation on theme: "Turner’s Syndrome Maddie Wrenn. Common Names monosomy X Ullrich-Turner syndrome 45 X Mosaic Turner syndrome Gonadal dysgenesis."— Presentation transcript:
Turner’s Syndrome Maddie Wrenn
Common Names monosomy X Ullrich-Turner syndrome 45 X Mosaic Turner syndrome Gonadal dysgenesis
Type of Disorder Chromosomal condition Turner’s syndrome is neither recessive or dominant, it’s a condition that causes infertility and immature sexual development in women, it is due to the possession of only one X chromosome, instead of the two always present in normal women.
Symptoms Swollen hands and feet Wide and webbed neck Absent or incomplete development at puberty, including sparse pubic hair and small breasts Broad, flat chest shaped like a shield Drooping eyelids Dry eyes Infertility No periods (absent menstruation) Short height Vaginal dryness, can lead to painful intercourse
When and how to test for it Turner syndrome can be diagnosed at any stage of life. It may be diagnosed before birth if chromosome analysis is done during prenatal testing. The doctor will perform a physical exam and look for signs of underdevelopment. The following tests may also be performed: Blood hormone levels Echocardiogram Karyotyping MRI of the chest Ultrasound of reproductive organs and kidneys Pelvic exam Turner syndrome may also alter various estrogen levels in the blood and urine.
Deadly? Shorten life span? Turner’s syndrome is not deadly It does have many health risks associated with it, but most people live long lives with it.
Treatment Since Turners syndrome is a condition there are no cures, but there is a lot of treatments that can help correct some of the symptoms. Growth hormone may help a child with Turner syndrome grow taller. Estrogen replacement therapy is often started when the girl is 12 or 13 years old. This helps trigger the growth of breasts, pubic hair, and other sexual characteristics. Women with Turner syndrome who wish to become pregnant may consider using a donor egg. Current treatment includes Estrogen therapy
People most likely to get Turner’s syndrome Females It doesn’t affect any certain ethnic or race group
How common is Turner’s syndrome Turner’s syndrome occurs in about 1 in 2,500 live births 10% of spontaneously aborted fetuses have this disorder
Support Groups There is a support group called “Short Happens!” There are also many support groups online for younger girls to talk about living with Turner’s Syndrome.
Interesting Facts Most girls that go untreated only grow to 4 feet 8 inches Discovered in 1938 by Dr. Henry Turner 800 new cases of Turner's syndrome are reported yearly in the United States
Sources deadly.html turners-syndrome-is-tested-for html syndrome/overview.html