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Heather Marra, Hailey Mills, Jackie Evers, and Kristen Swerzenski are proud to present…

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Presentation on theme: "Heather Marra, Hailey Mills, Jackie Evers, and Kristen Swerzenski are proud to present…"— Presentation transcript:


2 Heather Marra, Hailey Mills, Jackie Evers, and Kristen Swerzenski are proud to present…

3  Also referred to as Monosomy X  An abnormal genetic condition resulting from a defect on or absence of the second sex chromosome

4  Female is missing an X-chromosome

5  The female is born without the second X chromosome  "45X” meaning that an individual has 44 autosomes and a single X chromosome  Multiple blood cells are required to be tested because some cells may carry an X monosomy while others may not


7  Usually caused by non-disjunction Pair of sex chromosomes does not separate during formation of either egg or sperm  When abnormal egg unites with normal sperm to form embryo… May end up missing that sex chromosome Be X instead of XX




11  Shorter than average/slow growth rate  No growth spurts during puberty  Non-functioning ovaries No production of estrogen or progesterone  Infertility  Middle Ear infections leading to eventual loss of hearing  Problems with math, memory skills, and fine- finger movements  Discolored spots on skin

12  Wide/webbed neck  Low hairline  Broad chest/widely spaced nipples  Arms turned out at elbows  Heart murmur due to narrowing of aorta  High blood pressure  Minor vision issues  Scoliosis  Osteoporosis (thinning of bones) due to lack of estrogen


14  Short stature (Usually no taller than 4’8”)  Obese weight (due to an underactive thyroid)  Drooping eyelids  Problems with breast development  Short fingers and toes  Extra skin on the neck (webbed neck)  Swelling of the hands and feet  Low set ears  Soft nails that turn upward at the ends  Irregular rotation of wrist and elbow joints

15  Loss of ovarian functions (infertility)  Heart defects  Kidney problems  Visual impairments  Ear infections and hearing loss  High blood pressure  Weak bones

16  Range of intellectual development usually normal  However, they seem to have difficulty with specific skills  Learning disabilities Especially in math  Behavioral problems  Problems with concentrating and remembering

17  Women can be amniotic fluid tested while pregnant  If the test returns back to be positive, genetic counseling is recommended  A simple blood test karyotype can determine the diagnosis  Usually diagnosed during infancy but can be diagnosed later in life

18  It currently affects 60,000 women in the United States  For unknown reasons 98% of Turner Syndrome-afflicted fetuses spontaneously abort, thus making up 10% of all miscarriages  Occurs in about 1/2,000 live female births

19  Women with Turner’s Syndrome lead typical lives  Have normal family relations  Often bullied when young due to appearance  Turner’s Syndrome Support Groups

20  No cure for Turner’s Syndrome  Are certain treatments to help with the symptoms Growth hormone therapy Estrogen/progesterone replacement Close heart monitoring for heart problems

21 We are all people and we are all different in our own ways. Just because some of us may look or act different in your eyes does not give you the excuse to make fun of them. RESPECT EVERYONE FOR THEIR DIFFERENCES

22 Works cited  "Turner Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment on" Web. 10 Apr. 2011..  "YouTube - Turner's Syndrome and Me." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 10 Apr. 2011..  "MGA2-11-14_Turner." Memorial University. Web. 10 Apr. 2011..  "Turner Syndrome." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Web. 10 Apr. 2011..  Turner Syndrome Society of the US - Welcome. Web. 10 Apr. 2011..

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