13What structures are homologous? Ovaries = TesticlesClitoris = glands of the penisScrotum = major lips
14Do you remember? What is the female and male sex chromosome pattern? What are the female prenatal structures?What are the male prenatal structures?What structures in the female are homologous to those in the male.
15What is Transgender? Transgender: Umbrella term 16 or more intersex conditionsTranssexualsListed in the DSM-V as “Gender identity disorder”Transvestites
16What are intersex conditions? Various chromosome, hormone, and developmental conditions that are not standard for male and female.At least 16 conditionsIncludes:Turner SyndromeKlinefelter syndromeAndrogen insensitivity syndromeOvo-testes (formerly called “true Hermaphroditism”)
17What are chromosome errors? Turner’s syndromeKlinefelters syndrome
18What is Turner’s syndrome? (Sterile female with absent or underdeveloped ovaries)XONormal external female genitalsLack of menstruation at pubertyFemale gender identity
19What is Klinefelters syndrome What is Klinefelters syndrome? (sterile male with underdeveloped genitals)XXY chromosome patternGender identity confusion
20What are the prenatal hormone errors? Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS)Fetally androgenized females (FAF)
21What is Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS)? External genitals of male fetus fail to differentiateNewborn has normal-looking female external genitalsDiagnosed when menstruation does not occur
22What are fetally androgenized females (FAF)? Masculinized external organs
23Do you remember? What are the characteristics of Turner’s syndrome? What are the characteristics of Klinefelters syndrome?What is Androgen Insensitivity syndrome?What is a fetally androgenized female?
24John Money study of Joan/John Circumcision accidentThe effect of prenatal hormones on brain differentiation may be much more influential in gender-identity than was originally assumed.
25Transvestite VS transsexual Transvestite cross dresses for sexual arousalTranssexual cross dresses to feel comfortable and congruent
26What is sex reassignment surgery? Sex change surgeryTranssexuals feel trapped in a body of the “wrong” sexCross dresses to feel comfortable and congruentMore men (M-F) than women (F-M)Ratio is narrowingMost preoperative transsexual persons feel they are heterosexual.
29F-M transgender surgery results BeforeAfter (Artificial testicles)
30Do you remember? What did we learn from the John Money study? What is the difference between a transvestite and a transsexual?What sexual orientation do most preoperative transsexual persons feel they have?