2 Lesson 9: Launching A New Government WashingtonTakesOfficeCreating AForeignPolicyPoliticalcartoonPoliticalPartiesEmergeThe2ndPresidentMAPSWho’s Line isIt Anyway?ParagraphTopicsTimelineBell work
3 Bellwork: January 6, 2015 Pick up Lesson 9 Study Guide from table. Sit in new assigned seat.Write a reflection for Semester 1 on the back of your study guide(What were the positives and negatives for you in this classroom? What changes would you like to see for term 3? What changes are you going to make for term 3? etc…….)The major role of political parties in the United States is toatlas
4 Bellwork: January 7, 2015Pick up a half sheet of paper and a map sheet from the tableWrite your name on both
5 Which states border Washington D.C.? Bellwork: January 8, 2015Using your maps of Washington D.C.WRITE AND ANSWER the question below on the back of your study guide.Which states border Washington D.C.?Maryland and Virginia.Both states gave up land so the capital could be established without anyone state having control.
8 Bellwork: January 10, 2014Use the Map of Washington D.C. to write and answer the following question.What parkway follows the Potomac River? The Potomac River ( /pəˈtoʊmək/) flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States. The river (main stem and North Branch) is approximately 405 miles (652 km) long, The George Washington Memorial Parkway (GWMP)preserves the natural scenery along the Potomac River. It connects the historic sites from Mount Vernon, where Washington lived, past the nation's capital, which he founded, and to the Great Falls of the Potomac where the President demonstrated his skill as an engineer. Developed as a memorial to George Washington, the Parkway may be used on any day to travel to exciting historical, natural, and recreational areas. These places are all linked by this planned and landscaped road, the first section of which was completed in 1932 to commemorate the bicentennial of George Washington's birth. Considered a commuter route by many local residents, the GWMP offers the traveler much more than convenience. It is a route to scenic, historic and recreational settings offering respite from the urban pressures of metropolitan Washington. It also protects the Potomac River shoreline and watershed. The parkway provides a pleasant day from Mount Vernon to Great Falls, passing through the same lands George Washington frequently traveled by horse. The Parkway links a group of parks that provide a variety of experiences to millions of people each year.
11 Bellwork: January 13, 2014Use map to WRITE AND ANSWER the question below.What highway should be taken to get from New York Avenue to the city of Annapolis, Maryland? 50 11
12 Bellwork: January 14, 2014Write and answer the questions below using map of Washington D.C.Congress meets in the Capitol. In what direction is the Capitol from the White House?2. What Virginia city is west of the Lincoln Memorial, just across the Potomac River?SoutheastArlington, VA
13 “He who takes time to grasp the evidence will end up miles ahead of them all.” Sherlock Holmes
14 Citing Evidence: Textual Evidence: Paragraph two states that 3 ½ years ago the French Revolution began WHICH is evidence that ……………..Paragraph four states that ………….which is proof that ……….
21 Washington Takes Office (page 278) Inauguration: ceremony in which President officially takes office.George Washington tookthe oath of office on April 30, 1789.
22 Washington sets the precedent…. “I walk on untrodded ground. There is hardly any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.”
23 An act or decision that sets the example for others to follow 21precedentprecedent3precedentyour definitionVisual/drawing456precedentprecedentprecedentGive an example/experience8th grade sentenceHenry Ford set a new precedent by being the first to use the assembly line in manufacturing.List 3 synonymsI was the oldest of4 daughters, so I had to set the precedent for many things such as how clean my room needed to be.examplemodelstandardpattern
24 3. Challenges of the new country: U.S. was a weak country.Army was small, and had no navy.Frontier settlements were under constant attack by Native Americans.Pirates threatened American trade.U.S. owed money. (page 280)
25 4. cabinet= established to help President carry out his duties; organized Executive Branch
26 5. precedent Washington sets the precedent…. “I walk on untroded ground. There is hardly any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.”5. precedent
27 6. Thomas Jefferson – Secretary of State 7. Alexander Hamilton – Secretary of Treasury
29 Hamilton’s Plan: 1. reduce the national debt 2. excise tax on whisky 3 Hamilton’s Plan: 1. reduce the national debt 2. excise tax on whisky 3. payment of debts by the federal government 4. tariffs to protect U.S. industries 5. Buy and re issue bonds8. Compromise? Jefferson and his Southern followers agreed to the payment of state debts in return for a promise to locate the new national capital in the South.
30 Congress create a National Bank. 9 Congress create a National Bank. 9. Hamilton asked Congress to pass a tariff – taxes placed on certain manufactured goods brought into the country.10. Hamilton’s logic: protect American made goods from foreign competition which would improve economy.
32 Whiskey Rebellion When 1794 Where Western Pennsylvania Who Farmers on the Western frontier/government agentsWhatFarmers refused to pay a governmental tax on whiskey.WhyFarmers felt that a tax on whiskey was as unfair as the British taxes.
33 11. What was the significance of the Whiskey Rebellion 11. What was the significance of the Whiskey Rebellion? Washington sent an army larger than any he had ever commanded in the Revolution to put down the revolt. People realized that the new government would not tolerate violent protests. Washington gained respect for the new government.
35 “Sum It Up” You have $5.00 to use on words. Each word cost .10 cents. You are to summarize given section of book using $5.00 or less.DON’T PLAGIARIZE.Include main ideas.Demonstrate good writing skills
36 Read and be Prepared to Discuss. Group 1 & 8: Responses to the French Revolution (page ) #13 and #14 of COS Group 2: The United States Remains Neutral (page 285) #15, #16, and #17 of COS Group 3: Struggling to Remain Neutral ( page 286) #17, #18, and #19 of COS Group 4: A Distrust of Political Parties (page ) #20 and #21 of COS Group 5: Differing Views (page ) #21 and #22 of COS Group 6: Development of Political Parties (page ) #22 and #23 of COS Group 7: Election of 1796 (page 290) #24 and #25 of COS
37 “Sum It Up”Row A: Responses to the French Revolution (page ) #13 and #14 of COS Row B: The United States Remains Neutral (page 285) #15, #16, and #17 of COS Row C: Struggling to Remain Neutral ( page 286) #17, #18, and #19 of COS Row D: A Distrust of Political Parties (page ) #20 and #21 of COS Row E: Differing Views (page ) #21 and #22 of COS Row F: Development of Political Parties (page ) #22 and #23 of COS Row G: Election of 1796 (page 290) #24 and #25 of COS
38 Revolution Threatens the French King Causes of the Revolutionpoor harvest & high bread pricesdesire for privilegesGap between rich & poor; heavy taxesgovernment debtpoor leadership“Old Regime”Enlightenment ideas
39 Storming of the Bastille On July 14, 1789, more than 800 Parisians gathered outside the Bastille, a medieval fortress used as a prison. They demanded weapons believed to be stored there. Wanted to save their delegates from Louis’ troops!The commander of the Bastille opened fire on the crowd, and a battle ensued, in which many people were killed.
40 Storming of the Bastille Search for weapons to defend National AssemblySpiritual victory marks beginning of revolutionThe storming of the Bastille quickly became a symbol of the French Revolution, a blow to tyranny. Today, the French still celebrateJuly 14 as Bastille Day.
41 History of the Guillotine Previously used in Scotland, Germany and Italy in earlier centuries.
42 The Guillotine!Dr. Joseph Guillotine suggested using it in all cases of capital punishment..Quick and “painless” death
43 12. French Revolution – 1789 rebellion in France that ended French Monarchy for a time. 13. Thomas Jefferson believed France had a right to fight for freedom just as Americans had done.
44 actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations 14. French Revolution – lost support in U.S. because Radicals in France began executing thousands of people.15. Foreign Policy –actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations
46 16. Neutral – not take sides in a conflict In 1793, Great Britain and several other countrieswent to war against the revolutionary governmentin France. (They were afraid the fight for equality andliberty might spill over into their countries.)France called on the U.S. to abide by theTreaty of Alliance of 1778.Washington wanted to remain neutral. WHY?16. Neutral – not take sides in a conflict
47 Hamilton and Jefferson disagree. Washington makes a decision. 17. A Proclamation of Neutrality was issued.Jay Treaty was signed and negotiated.
48 18. Why was remaining neutral difficult. 1 18. Why was remaining neutral difficult? 1. Britain and France seized cargo from U.S. ships. 2. American merchants wanted to trade with one or the other so some ignored Proclamation. 3. The Jay Treaty sparked protest among Americans because they felt it solved nothing.
49 19. In Washington’s Farewell Address, he warned that political parties would divide the nation and that America should STAY OUT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
51 He who takes the time to grasp the evidence will end up miles ahead of the others. Sherlock Holmes
52 Citing Evidence: Textual Evidence: Paragraph two states that 3 ½ years ago the French Revolution began WHICH is evidence that ……………..Paragraph four states that ………….
53 POLITICAL PARTIES DEVELOP SECTION 3 20. Factions – opposing groups within partiesPOLITICAL PARTIES DEVELOP SECTION 3Hamilton:SharpFocusedAmbitiousActive political leaderFormal dressWanted ties with BritainJefferson:Country gentlemenRelaxedConstantly worked on new ideasDressed informalAgricultureSupported France
54 Democratic Republicans 21. T-Chart (page 289)FederalistsDemocratic RepublicansLed by HamiltonStrong national govt.Favored National BankWanted trade with BritainWanted tariffsManufacturing, shipping, tradeLed by JeffersonStrong state govt.Disliked National BankWanted trade with FranceOpposed tariffsAgriculture
55 22. Why do we have political parties? --so people can organize and support their views29. Caucus – a closed political meeting held by the Federalists and Republicans to prepare for an election.First two parties:FederalistDemocratic-Republicans23. Newspapers- grew in the late 1700’s took sides in political parties and published views55
56 So, the President and V.P came from opposing political parties. 24. Election of 1796The ConstitutionPresident=highest votesV.P.=second highest votesElectoral votes were countedFederalist – John Adams had the highestD.R. – Thomas Jefferson had the second highest.So, the President and V.P came from opposing political parties.
58 26. Multi-Flow Chart (cause/effect) CausesEffectsU.S. CONFLICTS WITH FRANCERemember FOR
59 26. Multi-Flow Chart (cause/effect) U.S. didn’t abideby the Treaty of Alliance.U.S. remainedneutral; France upset; seized shipsJay Treaty upsetFrance and theAmericans.Many Americans wanted to declare war on France.France seizedAmerican shipsand cargo.U.S. CONFLICTS WITH FRANCEJohn Adamssent a 3 personpeace commissionto France.The XYZAffairU.S. enlargednavy and army(built frigates)Alien and Sedition ActsAdams lost support of the Federalists.Jefferson called for nullification of acts.Remember FOR
61 XYZ Affair – 1797, French agents demanded a bribe from American ambassadors. Afterwards, Congress voted to enlarge the U.S. army and navy.Adams waited before asking Congress to declare war; hoping for a negotiationNapoleon Bonaparte -New leader of France. Hedid not want war with U.S.
63 Section 4 topicsRow A: #27 and #28 Row B: #29 Row C: #30 Row D: #31 Row E: #32 All rows do #33 Row F: #34 Row G: #34
64 27. Frigates – fast sailing ships with many guns USS Constitution is a wooden-hulled, three-masted heavy frigate of the United States Navy. Named by President George Washington after the Constitution of the United States of America, she is the world's oldest floating commissioned naval vessel.[Note 1] Launched in 1797, Constitution was one of six original frigates authorized for construction by the Naval Act of Joshua Humphreys designed the frigates to be the young Navy's capital ships, and so Constitution and her sisters were larger and more heavily armed and built than standard frigates of the period. Built in Boston, Massachusetts at Edmund Hartt's shipyard, her first duties with the newly formed United States Navy were to provide protection for American merchant shipping during the Quasi-War with France and to defeat the Barbary pirates in the First Barbary War.Constitution is most famous for her actions during the War of 1812 against Great Britain, when she captured numerous merchant ships and defeated five British warships: HMS Guerriere, Java, Pictou, Cyane and Levant. The battle with Guerriere earned her the nickname of "Old Ironsides" and public adoration that has repeatedly saved her from scrapping. She continued to actively serve the nation as flagship in the Mediterranean and African squadrons, and circled the world in the 1840s. During the American Civil War she served as a training ship for the United States Naval Academy and carried artwork and industrial displays to the Paris Exposition of Retired from active service in 1881, she served as a receiving ship until designated a museum ship in In 1931 she started a three year 90-port tour of the nation, and in 1997 she finally sailed again under her own power for her 200th birthday.27. Frigates – fast sailing ships with many guns
65 28. The Federalist Party Splits Adams:---strengthens the navy--resisted pressure from Americans that wanted war--Many Federalists were angry because they wanted war with France .--Adams lost the support of his own political party.
66 Alien and Sedition Acts: In 1798, the Federalists controlled Congress passed laws aimed at stopping the growth of the Democratic-Republican party.Alien and Sedition Acts:--pushed through Congress--Jefferson opposed themWHY?29. Why did the D. Republicans oppose the Acts?The Acts limited public liberties and rights; violated amendment 1
67 WHY? Alien and Sedition Acts: --pushed through Congress In 1798, the Federalists controlled Congress passed laws aimed at stopping the growth of the Democratic-Republican party.Alien and Sedition Acts:--pushed through CongressWHY?30. Why did the Federalists want the Acts?The new law would make immigrants wait 14 years before becoming citizens; this would keep them from voting on side of Democratic-Republicans.
68 The Election of 1800 – …. John Adams lost support……. ……. Jefferson (D The Election of 1800 – ….John Adams lost support…….. …….Jefferson (D.R.) had gained support/popularity… …….election was vicious and hard fought……….
69 31. Results of the election of 1800. Federalists: Adams and PinckneyDemocratic-Republican: Jefferson and BurrDemocratic-Republicans won; each candidate had 73 votes.Jefferson was meant to be President, but voting method did not make that clear.Burr would not step aside; so a personal struggle began.House of Representatives had to break the tie.Alexander Hamilton swings the vote, and Thomas Jefferson becomes the 3rd President of the United States.
70 12th Amendment is created. Thomas Jefferson = 3rd President of U.S. 70
72 *guided our country through crucial times 34. Aaron Burr – 1st Vice President under Thomas Jefferson killed Alexander Hamilton in a duelTHE FEDERALIST LEGACY*guided our country through crucial times*won respect from other nations*3 new states: Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee*a new capital city named after Washington
77 1. Write a short, character essay on one of the people in chapter 10 1. Write a short, character essay on one of the people in chapter 10. (About a ½ of page) (neat)Label name, date, and title at top of paper, and turn in to teacher.Teacher will choose three panel members to come and sit in front of room, and teacher will read aloud one essay from one of the panel members. One panel member is the author; the other two are actors that are going to pretend they wrote the essay.Remaining class will ask questions to panel by raising hand and being called on by teacher. Each person will only get to ask ONE question to ONE panel member.After time is up, class will vote as to who is telling the truth.
78 Choose ONE topic and write a well developed paragraph. 1. Analyze the differences in the political views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. Decide which leader’s views are most reflected in the United States as a nation today. Support your decision with examples.2. Choose one of the following topics: the rise of political parties or the XYZ Affair. Describe the causes that led to the development you chose, and explain the effects of that development on the United States.3. Describe President George Washington’s view of foreign policy. Explain whether you think this policy fit the nation’s need at the time. Support your conclusion with examples from the text.4. Evaluate the presidency of John Adams. Decide which of his policies and actions benefited the nation and which were harmful to the goals of democracy. Explain your conclusions.5. Analyze the concept of compromise. Explain the purpose and reactions of Jay’s Treaty.6. Analyze the concept of communication. Describe the role of newspapers after the development of political parties.
79 POLITICAL CARTOON ASSIGNMENT: 1. Open textbook to page 429 and read. 2. CREATE a political cartoon using the topics/issues from Unit Use handout (Cartoon Analysis Guide ) to make sure your cartoon contains the necessary elements On back of the cartoon, create and write 5 questions that you would like for someone to answer about your cartoon. DO NOT WRITE ANSWERS, ONLY QUESTIONS THIS IS AN INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT. TURN IN WHEN FINISHED.