Presentation on theme: "Lesson 9: Launching the New Government Lesson 9: Launching A New Government Washington Takes Office MAPS The 2 nd President Political Parties Emerge."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 9: Launching the New Government
Lesson 9: Launching A New Government Washington Takes Office MAPS The 2 nd President Political Parties Emerge Creating A Foreign Policy Political cartoon Who’s Line is It Anyway? Paragraph Topics Timeline Bell work
Bellwork: January 6, 2015 The major role of political parties in the United States is to Pick up Lesson 9 Study Guide from table. Sit in new assigned seat. Write a reflection for Semester 1 on the back of your study guide (What were the positives and negatives for you in this classroom? What changes would you like to see for term 3? What changes are you going to make for term 3? etc…….)
Bellwork: January 7, 2015 Pick up a half sheet of paper and a map sheet from the table Write your name on both
Bellwork: January 8, 2015 Using your maps of Washington D.C. WRITE AND ANSWER the question below on the back of your study guide. Which states border Washington D.C.?
Where Is Washington D.C.?
Bellwork: January 10, 2014 Use the Map of Washington D.C. to write and answer the following question. What parkway follows the Potomac River?
Bellwork: January 13, 2014 Use map to WRITE AND ANSWER the question below. What highway should be taken to get from New York Avenue to the city of Annapolis, Maryland?
Bellwork: January 14, 2014 Write and answer the questions below using map of Washington D.C. 1.Congress meets in the Capitol. In what direction is the Capitol from the White House? 2. What Virginia city is west of the Lincoln Memorial, just across the Potomac River?
Sherlock Holmes “He who takes time to grasp the evidence will end up miles ahead of them all.”
Citing Evidence: Textual Evidence: Paragraph two states that 3 ½ years ago the French Revolution began WHICH is evidence that …………….. Paragraph four states that …………. which is proof that ……….
Bellwork: Open books to page 588. Write and answer questions 1 and 2. Be prepared to discuss.
Washington Takes Office (page 278) 1.Inauguration: ceremony in which President officially takes office. George Washington took the oath of office on April 30, 1789.
“I walk on untrodded ground. There is hardly any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.” Washington sets the precedent….
An act or decision that sets the example for others to follow precedent your definition Visual/ drawing List 3 synonyms 8 th grade sentence Give an example/ experience precedent example model standard pattern Henry Ford set a new precedent by being the first to use the assembly line in manufacturing. I was the oldest of 4 daughters, so I had to set the precedent for many things such as how clean my room needed to be.
3. Challenges of the new country: U.S. was a weak country. Army was small, and had no navy. Frontier settlements were under constant attack by Native Americans. Pirates threatened American trade. U.S. owed money. (page 280)
4. cabinet= established to help President carry out his duties; organized Executive Branch C
“I walk on untroded ground. There is hardly any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.” 5. precedent Washington sets the precedent….
6. Thomas Jefferson – Secretary of State 7. Alexander Hamilton – Secretary of Treasury
Hamilton’s Plan: 1. reduce the national debt 2. excise tax on whisky 3. payment of debts by the federal government 4. tariffs to protect U.S. industries 5. Buy and re issue bonds 8. Compromise? Jefferson and his Southern followers agreed to the payment of state debts in return for a promise to locate the new national capital in the South.
Congress create a National Bank. 9. Hamilton asked Congress to pass a tariff – taxes placed on certain manufactured goods brought into the country. 10. Hamilton’s logic: protect American made goods from foreign competition which would improve economy.
Whiskey Rebellion When Where Who What Why 1794 Western Pennsylvania Farmers on the Western frontier/government agents Farmers refused to pay a governmental tax on whiskey. Farmers felt that a tax on whiskey was as unfair as the British taxes.
11. What was the significance of the Whiskey Rebellion? Washington sent an army larger than any he had ever commanded in the Revolution to put down the revolt. People realized that the new government would not tolerate violent protests. Washington gained respect for the new government.
The French Revolution
“Sum It Up” You have $5.00 to use on words. Each word cost.10 cents. You are to summarize given section of book using $5.00 or less. DON’T PLAGIARIZE. Include main ideas. Demonstrate good writing skills
Read and be Prepared to Discuss. Group 1 & 8: Responses to the French Revolution (page ) #13 and #14 of COS Group 2: The United States Remains Neutral (page 285) #15, #16, and #17 of COS Group 3: Struggling to Remain Neutral ( page 286) #17, #18, and #19 of COS Group 4: A Distrust of Political Parties (page ) #20 and #21 of COS Group 5: Differing Views (page ) #21 and #22 of COS Group 6: Development of Political Parties (page ) #22 and #23 of COS Group 7: Election of 1796 (page 290) #24 and #25 of COS
“Sum It Up” Row A: Responses to the French Revolution (page ) #13 and #14 of COS Row B: The United States Remains Neutral (page 285) #15, #16, and #17 of COS Row C: Struggling to Remain Neutral ( page 286) #17, #18, and #19 of COS Row D: A Distrust of Political Parties (page ) #20 and #21 of COS Row E: Differing Views (page ) #21 and #22 of COS Row F: Development of Political Parties (page ) #22 and #23 of COS Row G: Election of 1796 (page 290) #24 and #25 of COS
Causes of the Revolution Revolution Threatens the French King Gap between rich & poor; heavy taxes desire for privileges desire for privileges government debt government debt poor harvest & high bread prices poor harvest & high bread prices poor leadership “Old Regime” “Old Regime” Enlightenment ideas
Storming of the Bastille On July 14, 1789, more than 800 Parisians gathered outside the Bastille, a medieval fortress used as a prison. They demanded weapons believed to be stored there. Wanted to save their delegates from Louis’ troops! The commander of the Bastille opened fire on the crowd, and a battle ensued, in which many people were killed.
Storming of the Bastille –Search for weapons to defend National Assembly –Spiritual victory marks beginning of revolution The storming of the Bastille quickly became a symbol of the French Revolution, a blow to tyranny. Today, the French still celebrate July 14 as Bastille Day.
History of the Guillotine Previously used in Scotland, Germany and Italy in earlier centuries.
The Guillotine! Dr. Joseph Guillotine suggested using it in all cases of capital punishment.. Quick and “painless” death
12. French Revolution – 1789 rebellion in France that ended French Monarchy for a time. 13. Thomas Jefferson believed France had a right to fight for freedom just as Americans had done.
14. French Revolution – lost support in U.S. because Radicals in France began executing thousands of people. 15. Foreign Policy – actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations
The French Revolution
In 1793, Great Britain and several other countries went to war against the revolutionary government in France. (They were afraid the fight for equality and liberty might spill over into their countries.) France called on the U.S. to abide by the Treaty of Alliance of Washington wanted to remain neutral. WHY? 16. Neutral – not take sides in a conflict
Hamilton and Jefferson disagree. Washington makes a decision. 17. A Proclamation of Neutrality was issued. Jay Treaty was signed and negotiated.
18. Why was remaining neutral difficult? 1. Britain and France seized cargo from U.S. ships. 2. American merchants wanted to trade with one or the other so some ignored Proclamation. 3. The Jay Treaty sparked protest among Americans because they felt it solved nothing.
19. In Washington’s Farewell Address, he warned that political parties would divide the nation and that America should STAY OUT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
He who takes the time to grasp the evidence will end up miles ahead of the others. Sherlock Holmes
Citing Evidence: Textual Evidence: Paragraph two states that 3 ½ years ago the French Revolution began WHICH is evidence that …………….. Paragraph four states that ………….
POLITICAL PARTIES DEVELOP S ECTION 3 Hamilton: Sharp Focused Ambitious Active political leader Formal dress Wanted ties with Britain Jefferson: Country gentlemen Relaxed Constantly worked on new ideas Dressed informal Agriculture Supported France 20. Factions – opposing groups within parties
21. T-Chart (page 289) FederalistsDemocratic Republicans Led by Hamilton Strong national govt. Favored National Bank Wanted trade with Britain Wanted tariffs Manufacturing, shipping, trade Led by Jefferson Strong state govt. Disliked National Bank Wanted trade with France Opposed tariffs Agriculture
29. Caucus – a closed political meeting held by the Federalists and Republicans to prepare for an election. 22. Why do we have political parties? --so people can organize and support their views 23. Newspapers- grew in the late 1700’s took sides in political parties and published views First two parties: Federalist Democratic-Republicans
The Constitution President=highest votes V.P.=second highest votes Electoral votes were counted Federalist – John Adams had the highest D.R. – Thomas Jefferson had the second highest. So, the President and V.P came from opposing political parties. 24. Election of 1796
25. JOHN ADAMS - The Second President
26. Multi-Flow Chart (cause/effect) U.S. CONFLICTS WITH FRANCE Causes Effects Remember FOR
26. Multi-Flow Chart (cause/effect) U.S. CONFLICTS WITH FRANCE U.S. didn’t abide by the Treaty of Alliance. Jay Treaty upset France and the Americans. France seized American ships and cargo. The XYZ Affair Alien and Sedition Acts U.S. remained neutral; France upset; seized ships Many Americans wanted to declare war on France. John Adams sent a 3 person peace commission to France. U.S. enlarged navy and army (built frigates) Adams lost support of the Federalists. Jefferson called for nullification of acts. Remember FOR
XYZ Affair – 1797, French agents demanded a bribe from American ambassadors. Afterwards, Congress voted to enlarge the U.S. army and navy. Adams waited before asking Congress to declare war; hoping for a negotiation Napoleon Bonaparte - New leader of France. He did not want war with U.S.
27. Frigates – fast sailing ships with many guns
28. The Federalist Party Splits Adams: ---strengthens the navy --resisted pressure from Americans that wanted war --Many Federalists were angry because they wanted war with France. --Adams lost the support of his own political party.
In 1798, the Federalists controlled Congress passed laws aimed at stopping the growth of the Democratic-Republican party. Alien and Sedition Acts: WHY? 29. Why did the D. Republicans oppose the Acts? The Acts limited public liberties and rights; violated amendment 1 --pushed through Congress --Jefferson opposed them
In 1798, the Federalists controlled Congress passed laws aimed at stopping the growth of the Democratic-Republican party. Alien and Sedition Acts: WHY? 30. Why did the Federalists want the Acts? The new law would make immigrants wait 14 years before becoming citizens; this would keep them from voting on side of Democratic-Republicans. --pushed through Congress
The Election of 1800 – ….John Adams lost support…….. …….Jefferson (D.R.) had gained support/popularity… …….election was vicious and hard fought……….
31. Results of the election of Federalists: Adams and Pinckney Democratic-Republican: Jefferson and Burr Democratic-Republicans won; each candidate had 73 votes. Jefferson was meant to be President, but voting method did not make that clear. Burr would not step aside; so a personal struggle began. House of Representatives had to break the tie. Alexander Hamilton swings the vote, and Thomas Jefferson becomes the 3 rd President of the United States.
32. 12th Amendment is created. Thomas Jefferson = 3 rd President of U.S.
34. Aaron Burr – 1 st Vice President under Thomas Jefferson killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel THE FEDERALIST LEGACY *guided our country through crucial times *won respect from other nations *3 new states: Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee *a new capital city named after Washington
1. Write a short, character essay on one of the people in chapter 10. (About a ½ of page) (neat) 2.Label name, date, and title at top of paper, and turn in to teacher. 3.Teacher will choose three panel members to come and sit in front of room, and teacher will read aloud one essay from one of the panel members. One panel member is the author; the other two are actors that are going to pretend they wrote the essay. 4.Remaining class will ask questions to panel by raising hand and being called on by teacher. Each person will only get to ask ONE question to ONE panel member. 5.After time is up, class will vote as to who is telling the truth.
1. Analyze the differences in the political views of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. Decide which leader’s views are most reflected in the United States as a nation today. Support your decision with examples. 2. Choose one of the following topics: the rise of political parties or the XYZ Affair. Describe the causes that led to the development you chose, and explain the effects of that development on the United States. 3. Describe President George Washington’s view of foreign policy. Explain whether you think this policy fit the nation’s need at the time. Support your conclusion with examples from the text. 4. Evaluate the presidency of John Adams. Decide which of his policies and actions benefited the nation and which were harmful to the goals of democracy. Explain your conclusions. 5. Analyze the concept of compromise. Explain the purpose and reactions of Jay’s Treaty. 6. Analyze the concept of communication. Describe the role of newspapers after the development of political parties. Choose ONE topic and write a well developed paragraph.
1. Open textbook to page 429 and read. 2. CREATE a political cartoon using the topics/issues from Unit 9 3. Use handout (Cartoon Analysis Guide ) to make sure your cartoon contains the necessary elements. 4. On back of the cartoon, create and write 5 questions that you would like for someone to answer about your cartoon. DO NOT WRITE ANSWERS, ONLY QUESTIONS. 5. THIS IS AN INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT. TURN IN WHEN FINISHED. POLITICAL CARTOON ASSIGNMENT: