Presentation on theme: "Glorious Revolution of 1688. Magna Carta: Key Ideas The Great Charter Expressed that the monarchs power was limited not absolute. “Right to Petition”"— Presentation transcript:
Glorious Revolution of 1688
Magna Carta: Key Ideas The Great Charter Expressed that the monarchs power was limited not absolute. “Right to Petition” “Trial by Jury”
Renaissance: Rebirth Questioned beliefs of church Emphasized the potential of the individual Age of intellectuals and artists
Reformation Martin Luther 1520 Direct relationship with God Read Bible for yourself
Background to Glorious Revolution Henry VIII wanted to divorce Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy with Henry as Head of the Church Elizabeth I ruled a moderate Protestant State.
Background Cont. The English Civil War pitted supporters of Charles I against the forces of Parliament, under Oliver Cromwell. Cavaliers v. Roundheads Or the Long hair v. the short hair Cromwell’s army defeated the forces of the king. Parliament put Charles on trial and condemned him to death as “a tyrant, traitor, murderer, and public enemy.”
Background Cont. After the execution of Charles I, the House of Commons abolished the monarchy, the House of Lords, and the official Church of England. It declared England a republic, known as the Commonwealth, under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell. Sent a clear signal that, in England, no ruler could claim absolute power and ignore the rule of law.
Glorious Revolution Parliamentary leaders invited William and Mary to become rulers of England instead of King James II. When W and M landed in England, James II fled to France. This bloodless overthrow of a king became known as the Glorious Revolution.
Glorious Rev. cont. Before they could be crowned, William and Mary had to accept the English Bill of Rights, which: ensured superiority of Parliament over the monarchy. prohibited a monarch from interfering with Parliament. restated the rights of English citizens.
Revolution: The MAIN Idea. The Glorious Revolution did not create democracy, but a type of government called limited monarchy, in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch’s powers.
T HE A MERICAN R EVOLUTION
How the Colonies Learned Self-Government 150 yrs. Of self government Set up 13 legislatures – Developed taxes – Wrote laws
1754—1763 The French and Indian War (also known as the 7 Years’ War) British & French rivalry The fight for land and endless resources War was costly for Britain—thus the ? “How to pay for it?”
The Proclamation of 1763 Prohibited colonists from moving West of the Appalachian Mtns Britain could control settlers and avoid conflict with Natives British sent 10,000 troops to keep an eye on “things”
1764—The Sugar Act Desperate for money— Britain decided to tax the colonists on molasses Low tax to stop smugglers However, some colonists believed their rights were being violated. No representation in Parliament
The Stamp Act of 1765 Items (wills, newspapers, playing cards, etc.) needed to bear a stamp to show the tax was paid Refused to use the stamps and boycotted “If you let them do this, what will they do next?” Son’s of Liberty
1767—Townshend Acts Applied only to imported goods. However, basic items such as tea, glass, paper, and lead were taxed—and colonists had to pay the tax because they did not produce them
Boston Massacre—1770 March 5, “Lobsterbacks” against Mob of 200 Patriots 7 shots 5 colonists dead, 6 wounded 2 soldiers convicted of manslaughter and sent back to England
Customs House—October Break—2010
The Star marks the spot
October Break 2010!
1773—Tea Act Allowed British tea to be very cheap Made colonial merchant tea very expensive Was still a tax that the colonists did not vote for
1773—The Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 Response to British taxes on tea 65 Son’s of Liberty— ”disguised” as Native Americans 352 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
1774—Intolerable Acts 1) Closed down Boston Harbor 2) King appointed officials 3) No town meetings unless approved by governor 4) Quartering Act— allowing British soldiers a place to live
First Continental Congress: men in Philadelphia at Carpenter’s Hall Represent American interests Called for the repeal of all 13 acts of Parliament passed since 1763
Lexington and Concord: 1775 “The Shot Heard Around the World” About 70 minutemen 8 minutemen dead Concord: the minutemen’s arsenal gone At North Bridge— minutemen laid in wait=73 Redcoats killed
June 17, 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill * Fought on nearby Breed’s Hill “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes!” 3 Waves Victory in Defeat!
From Oct 2010
Second Continental Congress—1775 Philadelphia at State House John and Sam Adams Patrick Henry Ben Franklin Thomas Jefferson George Washington (elected as army’s commander in chief) Created Continental Army
July 1775—The Olive Branch Petition Sent to King George III Desire for Peace and to protect the colonists’ rights KGIII REFUSED! “If they want a War, I will give them a War.” KGIII sent 30,000 Hessians
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Condemned KGIII Called for complete separation Convinced thousands that it was “time to part.”
The Declaration of Independence The Point of No Return! Authored by Thomas Jefferson Helped by Franklin and Adams Based on Locke Approved July 4, 1776
Compare and Contrast the Glorious Revolution with the American Revolution
Declaring Independence Activity The Declaration of Independence has been divided into four sections: (1) Preamble, (2) Declaration of Rights, (3) List of Grievances, (4) Statement of Independence With a group answer the questions for your section and then share.
*Sons of Liberty (American Rev) & *Daughters of Liberty (American Rev) *Meet secretly in taverns and pubs *Keep officials from collecting the Kings taxes *Intimidation, terror & violence *Use of the printing press
Tar and Feather Effigy: Doll of a tax collector to be hanged and/or burned in hatred to incite fear
Committees of Correspondence 1772—revived by Sam Adams Used to organize protests, and to circulate writings about complaints against Britain Boycott and Protest
Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration Drew from Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights and John Locke Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness Originally had no slavery, but withdrew it so that the Declaration would pass
George Washington General of the Continental Army
Samuel Adams The Man of the People
The Grave of Sam Adams—RIP
John Hancock Richest man in New England President and signer of the Declaration
Paul Revere, Samuel Prescott, & William Dawes: The Midnight Riders
One by land, Two by sea
Ben Franklin Created the Join or Die drawing Oldest delegate
King George III Saw the Colonists as young and naive. Children who could be crushed by his great army and navy.
John Adams 29 years old, from Massachusetts Brilliant and ambitious lawyer Uses logic as opposed to violence Abigail—his wife— equally brilliant
Patrick Henry No taxation without representation “Give me Liberty or Give me Death”