Presentation on theme: "Glorious Revolution of 1688. Magna Carta: Key Ideas The Great Charter Expressed that the monarchs power was limited not absolute. “Right to Petition”"— Presentation transcript:
Background Cont. The English Civil War pitted supporters of Charles I against the forces of Parliament, under Oliver Cromwell. Cavaliers v. Roundheads Or the Long hair v. the short hair Cromwell’s army defeated the forces of the king. Parliament put Charles on trial and condemned him to death as “a tyrant, traitor, murderer, and public enemy.”
Background Cont. After the execution of Charles I, the House of Commons abolished the monarchy, the House of Lords, and the official Church of England. It declared England a republic, known as the Commonwealth, under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell. Sent a clear signal that, in England, no ruler could claim absolute power and ignore the rule of law.
Glorious Revolution Parliamentary leaders invited William and Mary to become rulers of England instead of King James II. When W and M landed in England, James II fled to France. This bloodless overthrow of a king became known as the Glorious Revolution.
Glorious Rev. cont. Before they could be crowned, William and Mary had to accept the English Bill of Rights, which: ensured superiority of Parliament over the monarchy. prohibited a monarch from interfering with Parliament. restated the rights of English citizens.
Revolution: The MAIN Idea. The Glorious Revolution did not create democracy, but a type of government called limited monarchy, in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch’s powers.
How the Colonies Learned Self-Government 150 yrs. Of self government Set up 13 legislatures – Developed taxes – Wrote laws
1754—1763 The French and Indian War (also known as the 7 Years’ War) British & French rivalry The fight for land and endless resources War was costly for Britain—thus the ? “How to pay for it?”
The Proclamation of 1763 Prohibited colonists from moving West of the Appalachian Mtns Britain could control settlers and avoid conflict with Natives British sent 10,000 troops to keep an eye on “things”
1764—The Sugar Act Desperate for money— Britain decided to tax the colonists on molasses Low tax to stop smugglers However, some colonists believed their rights were being violated. No representation in Parliament
The Stamp Act of 1765 Items (wills, newspapers, playing cards, etc.) needed to bear a stamp to show the tax was paid Refused to use the stamps and boycotted “If you let them do this, what will they do next?” Son’s of Liberty
1767—Townshend Acts Applied only to imported goods. However, basic items such as tea, glass, paper, and lead were taxed—and colonists had to pay the tax because they did not produce them
Boston Massacre—1770 March 5, 1770 9 “Lobsterbacks” against Mob of 200 Patriots 7 shots 5 colonists dead, 6 wounded 2 soldiers convicted of manslaughter and sent back to England
Second Continental Congress—1775 Philadelphia at State House John and Sam Adams Patrick Henry Ben Franklin Thomas Jefferson George Washington (elected as army’s commander in chief) Created Continental Army
July 1775—The Olive Branch Petition Sent to King George III Desire for Peace and to protect the colonists’ rights KGIII REFUSED! “If they want a War, I will give them a War.” KGIII sent 30,000 Hessians
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Condemned KGIII Called for complete separation Convinced thousands that it was “time to part.”
The Declaration of Independence The Point of No Return! Authored by Thomas Jefferson Helped by Franklin and Adams Based on Locke Approved July 4, 1776
Compare and Contrast the Glorious Revolution with the American Revolution
Declaring Independence Activity The Declaration of Independence has been divided into four sections: (1) Preamble, (2) Declaration of Rights, (3) List of Grievances, (4) Statement of Independence With a group answer the questions for your section and then share.
*Sons of Liberty (American Rev) & *Daughters of Liberty (American Rev) *Meet secretly in taverns and pubs *Keep officials from collecting the Kings taxes *Intimidation, terror & violence *Use of the printing press
Tar and Feather Effigy: Doll of a tax collector to be hanged and/or burned in hatred to incite fear
Committees of Correspondence 1772—revived by Sam Adams Used to organize protests, and to circulate writings about complaints against Britain Boycott and Protest
Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration Drew from Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights and John Locke Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness Originally had no slavery, but withdrew it so that the Declaration would pass
George Washington General of the Continental Army