Presentation on theme: "Walsingham Academy Mrs. McArthur Room 111"— Presentation transcript:
1 Walsingham Academy Mrs. McArthur Room 111 History of the Ancient and Medieval World The Glory That was Greece Part 1: Rise of City-StatesWalsingham AcademyMrs. McArthurRoom 111
2 Greece Rebuilds (review) Ca B.C.E. Trojan WarCa B.C.E. Mycenaean palaces collapse: Dark Age850 B.C.E. Greek population begins to grow; trade and settlements increase: Archaic Period776 B.C.E. Traditional date of first Olympic GamesB.C.E. Homer750 B.C.E. City-States emerge; overseas colonization begins; Greeks adopt alphabet from Phoenicians.B.C.E. Hoplite armor and tactics develop; Spartans conquer Messenia.
4 Assignment 1 Prepare for assessment on Ancient Greeks: Text pp , Black Ships…, 2 sets lecture notesParticipation Grade (5 pts.)In-class essay based one of the topics on half sheet (15 pts.- Thursday)Extra-Credit Possibility for this week - 5 pts.Evolution of Classical Greek Forms of GovernmentDue: (by ) Monday, 10/25
5 Checkpoint: (cause and effect) What geo-politico-economic factors led to the Trojan War?The period after the fall of Mycenae has seemed “dark.” Examine 2 reasons. How has this period emerged more clearly to historians?Why did ancient Greece develop into many small, self-governing city-states and why did they conquer or colonize surrounding regions?
6 Greece Rebuilds (review) B.C.E. Tyrants rule many city-states600 B.C.E. Coins are first minted (Lydians); science and philosophy start in Ionia.594 B.C.E. Solon reforms Athenian ConstitutionCa B.C.E. Peisitratus and sons rule as tyrants in Athens; Sparta is dominant in Peloponnese508 B.C.E. Cleisthenes’ democratic reforms unify Attica.
7 Assignment 2Read and with your partner, divide the responsibility for the assignment below:Complete Note Taking Study GuideDefine 12 bold-blue words and answer 4 Checkpoint questions.He praised soldiers who fought bravely in battle and who encouraged fighting as one.He would leave those near him open to attack.For the People’s Good:What battlefield behavior did Tyrtaeus praise?What might happen if a soldier in the front ranks of the phalanx fled?
8 Class ActivitiesPrimary Source: Xenophon’s Constitution of the Lacedaemonians:What do you think daily life in military Sparta was like?Describe the Spartan student dress code. What was its purpose?What bias might the historian consider in examining this source?Daily life was highly disciplined and difficult, with little or no time for personal freedom, interests, leisure, or intellectual/artistic pursuits.Boys could wear only one garmet and no sandals or shoes all year. These restrictions were meant to toughen boys to prepare them to face harsh conditions.Xenophon was an Athenian.
9 Hoplite Revolution Ca. 500 B.C.E. Hoplite in full battle dress depicted on vase. Bronze shield used to create phalanx-protective formation.
10 silver dekadrachm (ca. 400 B.C. E.) Early CoinsLydian LionAthenian Owlsilver dekadrachm (ca. 400 B.C. E.)
11 Solon: The Lawgiver Solon created fair and just laws. Solon initiated the formation of democratic government as opposed to absolute rule by nobility.Statues and sculpture of him are in the halls of the Library of Congress, US House of Representatives and the Supreme Court of the United States,Today, statues and sculpture of Solon are displayed in the halls of the Library of Congress, US House of Representatives and the Supreme Court of the United States, honoring the tremendous contributions that Solon made to creating fair and just laws and initiating the formation of democratic government as opposed to absolute rule by nobility.
12 Peisistratus: The Builder and Civic Booster Respected Solon’s ReformsCreated FestivalsInitiated Public Building ProjectsMade People Proud to be AthenianKing Minos’ throne
13 Cleisthenes Credited with having established democracy in Athens, His reforms (end of the 6th Century BC) made possible the Golden Age of Athenian civilization (5th Century BC.)Born into one of the city's foremost political dynasties (brother-in-law to Peisistratus:) an unlikely champion of the people when they rebelled against tyranny.
14 Themistocles “Tragic” Hero of Persian War Brilliant general + crafty politicianWartime leader (against Xerxes’ Persia)Defeats Persians- Salamis naval battleArrogant, Corrupt (ultimately ostracized)Dies in Persia (working for enemy’s son!)A tough battle ensues in the narrow straits of Salamis. The smaller, nimbler Greek triremes soon gain an upper hand over the Persian fleet. Fighting aboard a Persian ship is Artemesia, the consort of Xerxes. Artemesia distinguishes herself even when the Greeks win a decisive victory and rout the Persians. Xerxes, watching from afar, returns to Persia in disgust, leaving behind Mardonius to complete the task – ‘my men have behaved like women, my women like men!’
15 Assignment 3 Athens Demands Action What did Miltiades demand of Callimachus and what did he say would happen if Callimachus failed?What does this speech suggest about Greek preparations for war against the Persians?Read in text, pp and complete Note Taking Guide 4:3.Extra-Credit Possibility for this week - 5 pts.Evolution of Classical Greek Forms of GovernmentDue: (by ) Monday, 10/25He demanded that Callimachus fight rather than await the Spartans; if he did not fight, Athens would lose its freedom.The Greeks remained disunited.
16 In Class ActivityWho were the Spartans? (their gov’t, their society, their values)Who were the Athenians? (their gov’t, their society, their values)How did the Greeks view the “Other?”What were the Persian Wars? (Causes, effects)Explain Athens’ high point of importance (When, who, what effect)What was the Peloponnesian War? (Causes, effects)
17 Class Activities Check and rehearse your homework with a partner. Complete Graphic OrganizerSpartaAthensMonitor your progress:
18 Assignment 4Based on text, pp , define 6 bold-blue terms and answer 3 Checkpoint questions.Geography Interactive: Persian WarsExtra-Credit Possibility for this week - 5 pts.Evolution of Classical Greek Forms of GovernmentDue: (by ) Monday, 10/25
19 Words borrowed from Greeks LaconicSpartanDemagogueDraconianOstracismtyrantWhat are their meanings today?
20 Assignment 5Read text, pp. 129 and answer Thinking Critically (questions 1 & 2)3. What did Pericles mean when he said that Athens “is an education to Greece”?How did Pericles view public life?Monitor your progress: