Classical Greece (ca. 500-323 BC) I.Intro II.Era of Warfare A.Greek League B.Empire of Athens C.Civil War III.Two Macedonians Leaders Greek Ideals Spread/ Theater & Art Key Terms Persian War Peloponnesian War Philip Alexander
Persian Wars (490-479 BC) Previously, there had been very little cooperation between different Greek city- states, but... Persian Empire threatened all Greek city-states.
Greek League (490-474 BC) 1.Unified 31 different Greek city-states against Persia. 2.Sparta was chosen to lead & Athens provided navy & much of the wealth. 3.Cooperation led to defeat of Persian Empire. Thermopylae (480 BC)
Empire of Athens (450 BC) Following Persia’s defeat Athens tried to dominate other city- states.
Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) Greek Civil War: Several Greek city-states (including Sparta) united to fight Athens. Eventually the Athenians were defeated
One Macedonian King Conquered several Greek city-states. Forced all to accept him as their leader by 337 BC. He was murdered in 336 BC. Philip II (382-336 BC)
Macedonian Phalanx The 18 foot long wooden pikes & smaller shields revolutionized infantry warfare
A Second Macedonian Became king of Macedonia after his father’s death. A military genius: –Conquered Persia & Egypt –Encouraged intermarriage Created the largest empire in the ancient world, allowed Greek ideas to spread eastward. Alexander The Great (356-323 BC)
Greek Theater, Art & Philosophy 500-323 BC Greek culture = Golden Age
Philosophy & Ideas Wrote Hippocratic Corpus concerning medical ethics & theories. Today: Hippocratic Oath Hippocrates (ca. 460-ca. 377 BC)
Greek Philosophers Mathematician & Philosopher Believed the entire universe could be explained using math/numbers Pythagoras (6 th century BC)
Greek Philosophers An influential teacher in Athens (Socratic Method) Did not believe in Olympian Gods & questioned EVERYTHING Found guilty of corrupting youth & committed suicide by drinking poison Socrates (469-399 BC)
Classical Greece (ca. 500-323 BC) I.Intro II.Era of Warfare A.Greek League B.Empire of Athens C.Civil War III.Two Macedonians Leaders Greek Ideals Spread/ Theater & Art Key Terms Persian War Peloponnesian War Philip Alexander Hippocrates Pythagoras Socrates