Motor skills Locomotor skills Nonlocomotor skills
Locomotor skills Locomotor skills enable you to move your body from place to place. Everyone develops locomotor skills as he or she develop strength and coordination. Locomotor skills are fundamental to success in all sports, games and dance activities.
There are eight locomotor skills! Walking Running Jumping Hopping Leaping Slide stepping Galloping Skipping
Walking Walking is learned instinctively. In walking you place one foot on the ground before lifting the other foot at a fairly slow pace. Walking is the simplest and most common locomotor skill.
Running In running a person moves slowly or quickly with both feet off the ground at the same time. Running is efficient. Technique: land on the heel of the foot, roll your foot forward and bend the knee slightly, lean forward
Jumping Jumping occurs when you launch yourself into the air using one foot and land on both feet. Jumping is used in competitive sports and allows you to touch, block, catch, throw and hit objects beyond your height. Technique: To jump for height plant one or both feet, bend the knees, thrust the arms upward. To jump for distance, develop as much speed as possible before jumping.
Hopping When you hop, you take off and land on the same foot and you are momentarily airborne. Hopping is used to adjust steps, maintain balance and regain rhythm, in dances and sports. Technique: when hopping stay close to the ground to maintain balance when you change directions. This may not apply in the triple jump or some dances.
Leaping Leaping requires you to takeoff from one foot and land on the other foot. It is like taking a long step or stride in the air. Leaping is graceful and used in dance, cross country, hurdles, football, soccer or leaping over mud puddles. Leaping uses techniques similar to jumping but it is more dangerous.
Slide Stepping To slide step you step sideways with one foot, then pull the other foot beside the first. The slide step is used as a defensive movement in basketball, football, hockey and soccer, as a way to get into the correct position in baseball, softball and racquet sports and in dance. Technique: keep your feet as close to the ground as possible and take short steps.
Galloping Galloping is forward slide stepping. Step forward and bring the back foot to the front foot. Technique: same as slide stepping, with both keep knees bent and feet apart to remain stable
Skipping A skip is a combination of a walking step and a hop. The skip is the most complex skill used for transportation of the body. Skipping is often combined with jumping or leaping in games and sports. Skipping is fun! Technique: keep your feet close to the ground, combine one walking step and a hop with the opposite foot
Nonlocomotor skills Nonlocomotor skills are stationary movement skills A person using a nonlocomotor skill does not travel while using the skill. Bending, stretching, twisting are examples of nonlocomotor skills.
When locomotor and nonlocomotor skills are combined correctly in games or sports, transitional motor skills are improved. Transitional motor skills include punting, serving and vaulting. You must improve locomotor and nonlocomotor skills to be successful using transitional motor skills.
Please get out your journal paper! Respond to the open response question on the next slide. Place the completed journal entry (answer to the open response question) in your journal or notebook.
Lynn’s dance teacher spends a portion of each dance class working on locomotor skills. She told Lynn that improving her basic locomotor skills would also improve her sports skills. A.Define the term locomotor skill. B. Choose three locomotor skills used in either basketball, soccer or softball. C. Describe the proper technique for each skill as it is used in that specific sport.