2 Athletics Task: Name 5 events within athletics. Can you name any top international athletes??Track and field athletics is a collection of sports events that involve running, jumping, throwing and walking. Organised athletics are traced back to the ancient Olympic games from 776 BC, and most modern events are conducted by the member federations of the IAAF. The athletics meeting forms the backbone of the modern summer Olympics and other leading international meetings.
3 Athletics Track events: Field events: 100m 200m 400m 800m 1500m 3,000m MarathonSteeplechaseHurdlesPower walkingField events:Jumping:Long jumpTriple jumpHigh jumpPole vaultThrowingJavelinShot puttDiscusHammer
4 Meets/competition Olympics every 4 yrs Commonwealth games every 4 yrs patterned after the Olympics.World championships every 2 yrs (odd yrs)World indoor championships
5 Track events See BBC sport website for some running highlights. Track events cover lots of different distances.Sprints anything up to 400mMiddle distance 800m- 3000mLong distance events 3000m+
6 Sprints Athletes use starting blocks to begin a race The starter will say ‘Take your marks’, ‘set’….Then fire the starting gun.Athletes must remain in their own lane at all times.The first runner to pass the finishing line with their torso wins.Starting a race before the gun has went off will result in a false start. A race is only allowed 1 false start, whoever causes the 2nd false start will be disqualified.200m and 400m races start staggered to allow for the curve of the track.
7 Sprint technique On balls of feet Push hard off the ground High knees Fast strideArms backwards and forwards actionDrive elbows backElbow bend 90 degreeAppearance of being Tall, Relaxed and Smooth with maximum Drive.
8 Middle/long distance Middle: Is all about pacing yourselfHaving enough energy to last for a long period of time.Arm action slowerIt is important to have a comfortable stride and rhythmThe foot strikes the ground less on the ball of the foot and more to the back of the foot.The knee has some flex.Leg movement is smooth.Swing arms from shoulders in a comfortable back and forward movement. Arms and shoulders should be relaxed.Head straight; focus ahead ten to fifteen meters.Middle:Competitors do not use starting blocks. Runners may not touch the ground with their hands at the start. In the 800, starting positions are staggered to equalize the length of each lane on the curved track. Runners must remain in their lanes until the end of the first turn. Stamina is important in all middle distance events, as is strategy, as runners must conserve some energy in order to finish strong.
9 Relay raceIs one of the most exciting races to watch in the Olympics. This is the only team event in athletics.4 runners in a relay team. Runners exchange a baton over 4x100m or 4x400m distance.Can you name 3 countries that have won gold in this event??
10 Field events Comprise of the jumping and throwing events: Name the events below:
11 Jumps Jumping for distance: Long jump Triple jump Jumping for height: High jumpPole vault
12 Long jumpThe long jump is a power event that comprises of the following four phases:Approach run upTake offFlight through the airLandingTo achieve maximum distance in the long jump the athlete will have to balance three components - speed, technique and strength.Run up should be rhythmic and very fast.You must determine your take off foot before you start, sink hips and next to last stride must be long, explode vertically by swinging free limbs upwardsHips highSwing legs throughExtend heels as far away from take off line as possibleSink heels into ground on landingContinue to land forward, don’t fall back!
13 Long jump techniquesIn the stride jump style the athlete maintains the take off position for as long as possible and only as the athlete comes into land does the take off leg join the free leg for a good landing positionThe hang style -On take off the athlete drops the free leg to the vertical, which is then joined by the take off leg. The arms go overhead to slow down the rotation about the athlete's centre of gravity. The legs are then lifted upwards and forwards whilst lower the trunk. The arms swing past the legs during the landing phase to ensure a good leg shoot.The Hitch-Kick -Following take off the free leg is straightened and swung back and down as the take off leg folds up beneath the hips and comes forward bent. The take off leg then continues forward, straightening for landing. The free leg completes its backward swing behind the hip and then folds up and moves forwards bent, to join the take off leg ready for landing
15 Triple jumpComprises of 4 phases: approach phase, hop phase, step phase and the jump phase.The approach run for the Triple Jump is similar to that of the Long Jump and the objective is to create the greatest amount of speed that can be controlled throughout the triple jump hop, step and jump phases.
16 High jumpevent in which competitors must jump over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights.Each competitor get 3 attempts to clear each height, if unsuccessful they get knocked out of the competition.The technique used to get over the bar is called the Fosbery flopRecord is 2.45m men (Cuba)2.09m women (Bulgaria)