2 Flashpoint: SarajevoJune 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated while visiting SarajevoAssassin Gavrilo Princip belonged to Serbian terrorist group Black HandSerbian nationalists resented Austrian control of Sarajevo
3 Causes of WW 1 Militarism – strong armies & navies settle disputes Alliances – countries band together for support during warImperialism – gaining colonies to develop empire for raw materials & marketsNationalism – feeling of deep loyalty to one’s people & homelandGavrilo Princip Serbian Terrorist Black Hand
6 Final Steps to War Austria-Hungary sends Serbia an ultimatum Serbia agrees to 2 of the 3 conditions, but will not allow Austrian officials into SerbiaAustria declares war on SerbiaRussia mobilizes army to support Serbia & France mobilizes army to support Russia
7 Final Steps to War (cont’d) Threatened Germany orders France & Russia to stop mobilizing, but they refuseGermany declares war on Russia & France Aug. 1 & 2, 1914Germany invades France through neutral Belgium to bypass French fortifications (Schlieffen Plan)Aug. 4 Britain declares war against Germany in support of treaty with Belgium
9 Canada Goes to WarCanada was not a fully independent nation in 1914, but was part of the British EmpireWhen Britain was at war, Canada was automatically at war alsoEnglish & French Cdns strongly supported the war against GermanyCdn PM Borden offered to train & equip 25,000 men two days after war declaredPM Borden
10 Canada Goes to War (cont’d) Aug Canadian Armed Forces 2 old navy cruisers, 3000 soldiers, 60,000 militiaMinister of Militia Sam Hughes organized massive recruiting campaignNationalism & high unemployment led to a flood of volunteersColonel Sam HughesMinister of Militia
11 Mobilizing the TroopsHughes set up a military training camp at Valcartier, Quebec for 30,000 volunteersCdn made Ross rifle jammed in the mud of trench warfare causing Hughes to be firedCdn troops clashed with their British commanding officers who demanded unquestioning respect despite mistakes
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