2 Major Causes of War Nationalism: Tensions over rise of unified Germany and ItalyTensions in the Balkans over ethnic nationalismPrimarily in Serbia while it was trying to break free of Austria-Hungary
3 Major Causes of War Imperialism: Creates an increased sense of rivalry and bad feelings among the major powers of EuropeCountries like Great Britain, France, Germany, and Russia saw themselves as imperial powers and they could not let the other countries become powers
4 Major Causes of WarMilitarism: This is a massive build-up of military powerCaused by a desire to protect their overseas colonies from other nationsCountries like England and France already had large modern armies, but emergence of German military power created issuesThis tension led to nervousness among Europeans and could quickly become armed conflict
5 Major Causes of WarAlliances: These are partnerships among nations for mutual defenseTwo major alliances formed in Europe:Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and ItalyTriple Entente – France, Russia, Great Britain (England)Leaders felt that alliances would lead to peace because no nation would attack another knowing that other nations would get involved
6 Major Causes of War How do each of these contribute to war? Militarism = larger and more complex militaries cause issues in EuropeNationalism = pride in country leads to people supporting all actions of their nation and governmentImperialism = competition to become the greatest global power causes a hatred among countries of EuropeAlliances = by teaming up nations you ensure that the conflict will be widespread and have a greater potential of occurring
7 War BeginsJune 28, 1914 – Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand, assassinated by Gavrilo Princip in Bosnian city of SarajevoHis wife Sophie was also killed with himPrincip was member of a Serbian nationalist group called “Black Hand”Austria-Hungary decided to use this as a way to punish SerbiaJuly 28, 1914 – war declared by Austria-Hungary on Serbia
8 War BeginsAugust 1, 1914 – Russia mobilizes military against Austria-HungaryAugust 1, 1914 – Germany declares war on RussiaAugust 1, 1914 – Germany and Ottoman Empire make a treatyAugust 3, 1914 – Germany declares war on FranceAugust 3, 1914 – Belgium stays neutral – will not allow Germany to enter – Germany invades Belgium
9 War Begins August 4, 1914 – Great Britain declares war on Germany August 6, 1914 – Austria-Hungary declares war on RussiaAugust 6, 1914 – Serbia declares war on Germany
10 Sides Chosen in War Central Powers: Allied Powers: Germany Austria-HungaryOttoman EmpireAllied Powers:Great BritainFranceRussiaSerbia
11 Questions for Power Point What are the four major causes of World War I? Why do each of these play a role?What event leads to armed conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia?Who is Gavrilo Princip? What group was he a member of? What type of group was this?Who was the first to mobilize against Austria-Hungary on the side of Serbia?
12 Questions for Power Point When does Germany enter the war? When does France enter the war? When does Great Britain enter the war?Which country got invaded for not letting Germany through to invade France?Who were the members of Central Powers?Who were the members of the Allied Powers?