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{ Causes of World War I The “isms”.  How did nationalism, imperialism, alliances, & militarism cause World War I? ESSENTIAL QUESTION.

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Presentation on theme: "{ Causes of World War I The “isms”.  How did nationalism, imperialism, alliances, & militarism cause World War I? ESSENTIAL QUESTION."— Presentation transcript:

1 { Causes of World War I The “isms”

2  How did nationalism, imperialism, alliances, & militarism cause World War I? ESSENTIAL QUESTION

3  1900 – Europeans were enjoying peace & prosperity  Turkey, Mexico, China, & Russia – Reformers influenced by European ideas outraged at social division & authoritarian governments  Austria-Hungary – Minorities dreamed of independence Background

4  Shortly after 1900 areas exploded in revolution  1905 – Demonstrators forced Russian Tsar to create national assembly  1908 – Reformers in Turkey overthrow Sultan  1910 – Revolution overthrows Mexico’s dictator  1912 – Nationalist reformers overthrow Chinese emperor Background

5  After fall of Chinese emperor, events in Austria-Hungary brought Europe to armed conflict  Technology made warfare more destructive than ever  Imperial governments & old class system shattered  Resulting peace allowed triumph of democracy & international peace organizations  Violence prepared way for communism & fascism Background

6  Nationalism  Imperialism  Alliances  Militarism The Causes of World War I

7  Def. – Belief that each ethnic group deserves its own nation, & citizens should promote their nation’s interests  Encouraged rivalries between France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Russia  Led to creation of independent Balkans – Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, Albania, Romania  Countries unstable, fought series of wars in 1912 & 1913 – threatened to involve larger countries  Austria-Hungary had several ethnic groups that wanted their own nation  Demands threatened to break Austro-Hungarian Empire apart Nationalism

8  European powers saw possession of overseas colonies as a sign of power  Became accustomed to competing for colonies in Africa & Asia  Created tension, which was increased by economic rivalries  1900 – ¼ of world under British control  German industrialization threatened British dominance  Russian interest in Balkans threatened Austria- Hungary & Turkey Imperialism

9  1914 – Europe divided into 2 alliances  Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy  Triple Entente – Russia, France, Great Britain  Alliances sought to preserve balance of power  Any dispute involving 2 or more countries threatened to drag all of Europe into conflict Alliances

10  Occurs when military values & goals take over civilian society  By end of 19 th Century societies were increasingly militaristic  European countries were building their armies  Kings wore military uniforms, & generals became influential in governments  Germany & Britain competing to create most powerful navy  Military planning played key role in outbreak of World War I  Assembling & moving armies on railroads took time, so leaders thought it better to attack first Militarism

11  July 1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria assassinated  Black Hand – Slav group that claimed responsibility  Austria knew Serbian officials helped assassin  Austria-Hungary invades Serbia as retaliation Flashpoint that Ignites War

12  Russia entered to protect Serbia  Germany entered to protect Austria  Britain & France entered to honor alliance with Russia  Austria, Russia, Germany, Britain, & France all at war  Italy refused to join Central Powers because Austria attacked first  Ottoman Empire entered to oppose Russia  Bulgaria entered to oppose Serbia Flashpoint that Ignites War


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