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National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Presentation by: Ram K. Verma Dean, SBS February 5, 2013 Climate Change Abatement – Role of.

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Presentation on theme: "National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Presentation by: Ram K. Verma Dean, SBS February 5, 2013 Climate Change Abatement – Role of."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Presentation by: Ram K. Verma Dean, SBS February 5, 2013 Climate Change Abatement – Role of IT

2 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices PROGRAM DETAILS Sl. No.TimeTopicSpeaker 110:00 AMSarsawati VandanaPGDM Students 210:05 AMWelcome & Introduction about ApeejayProf. S. K. Salwan, CEO Apeejay Education Society & Former Vice Chancellor, Punjab Technical University 310:30 AMLighting the LampChief Guest: Dr. Prahlada 10:35 AMInaugural AddressDr. Prahlada, Chief Controller – R & D (SI), DRDO, New Delhi 411:00 AMKey Note AddressMr. Nitin Jain, Sr. Associate, Copal Partners, Gurgaon ; Outsourcing of Financial Services 511:30 AMNational AnthemPGDM Students Tea Break 611:45 AMPublic Private Partnership for growth of Infrastructure & Development  Mr. Pawan Verma, Branch Head, CMC Ltd.  Mr. Anurag Tyagi, Director, Sankalp Exports (I) Ltd.  Mr. Adarsh Sharma, Branch Manager, HDFC Bank  Mr. Vinayak Seth, SMC Pvt. Ltd.  Mr. Pankaj Kumar, Prabhat Khabar Media  Mr. Deepak Sharma, Sapindus Software Pvt. Ltd. 712:30 PMSkills aptitudes & orientation for service industriesMr. Sandyp Bhattacharya, Vice President & Head HR, Comviva Technologies Ltd., New Delhi 81:15 PMProduct Design: Innovation and R&D practicesMr. Maneesh Agarwal, Sr. Manager Mentor Graphics (India) Pvt. Ltd, Noida Lunch2:00 PM to 3:00 PM 93:00 PMFMCG, Product Placement & Market StrategiesProf. Saurav Banerjee, Asstt. Professor AIT, School of Management 103:45 PMGrowth prospects of Automobile Industries.Mr. Bhupendra Kaushal, AGM-HR, Luminous India Ltd. 114:30 PMValedictory AddressProf. R. K. Verma, Executive Director: AIT, Greater Noida (U.P)

3 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices World Scale Industry World Size Market World Class Usage Green IT- Sustainable Trade and adoption Reducing the environmental burden “by” IT solutions Reducing the environmental burden “on” itself

4 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Climate Change (The problem) Industrialization (The cause) Use of ICTs (The Solution) ICTs For ItselfICTs For Others Server Virtualization Role of Managers

5 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Source: IPCC, Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. The Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Observed Ice content September 2002 Temperate Forecast Boreal Forecast Grass land Polar deseart/semi deseart Tundra Ice Projected Ice content September Northwest passage Northern Sea Route

6 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices The Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Rise in global air temperature Rise in average sea level Decline in mountain glaciers and snow covers Prevalence of more intense and longer droughts More frequent and intense floods Occurrence of land slides and soil erosion

7 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Production Consumption of traded goods and services Transportation The Climate Change and Green House Gas Emission SectorsDieselKeroseneCoalGasolineLPG Fuel OilTotal Residential Industrial Transport Aggriculture Commercial Energy Conversion Total Sources: WECS 1996 and exclude emission from burning of aviation fuel

8 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Role of ICT in Addressing Climate Challenges Addressing Climate Change need sound forecast and Management process

9 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Role of ICT in Addressing Climate Challenges Process of Environment Management and Mitigation Observation Satellite Observation Direct sensors (Air, Water, Soil) Human Observation Data Archives Analysis GIS Systems System Modeling Grid Computing Planning Data Correlation Forecasting Policy formation Management and Protection Implementation Enforcement ICT Mitigation ICT operation. Telecommuting Collaborative tools. Capacity Building Public Awareness Professional Dev’t Education

10 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices How ICT Can Simplify Impact of Human Activities on Environment and Climate Change? Improving monitoring and response systems, facilitating environmental activism and enabling more efficient resource use. Monitoring and responding to environmental disasters through early warning system and communications to direct response teams to critical areas-resulting in significant reductions in casualties and property loss. Using GIS and GPS systems can facilitate weather and soil monitoring, crop forecasting and the ability to optimize farm return on investment ensuring more efficient use of scarce resources. Fighting against pollution-not only by providing more useful metrics and information, but also by enabling population decentralization and large-scale telecommuting.

11 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Use of ICT for Environmental Observation ICT applications: Satellite-based remote sensing systems for specific applications used for chemical and physical analysis of environmental samples: soil, water and air quality; Telemetric sensors and systems such as RFID; Global telecommunication networks Broadband networks and GRID networks for exchanging data Clearing houses and associated data warehouses Data collection devices - hand-held computers and devices

12 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices ICT Applications: 1. Recorder on seabed measures pressure and sends data to buoy. 2. Buoy also detects changes in sea level and motion. Tide gauges, usually sited on land, detect tidal changes. 3. Information is transmitted via satellite to ground stations which assess risk of tsunami. Tsunami Monitoring and Prediction System-Indonesia

13 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Develop tools to increase energy efficiency in the Non IT industries

14 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices ICT accounts for around 2% of total global emissions (Smart 2020) IT and office equipment typically contribute between 30% and 40% of the carbon footprint of ‘service based’ organizations (Deloitte) Over 1 billion computers are likely to be scrapped between now and 2010 but 55% of companies in the US have no plants for how to dispose of this equipment and most of it currently goes to landfill (IBM) Windows Vista using 3 watts per hour compared to XP’s 100 watts per hour, (IDG News Services) A search on Google uses as much energy as an energy-efficient light-bulb burns in an hour (German IT firm Strato at CeBIT 2008) More than 300 million used toner and inkjet cartridges end up in US landfills every year It takes 10 times more energy to produce a sheet of paper than to print on it (U.S Environmental Protection Agency). Data Centers consumed 180B kwh in 2007, will double in next 2 to 4 years. Making IT Green-How Important is?

15 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Develop tools to increase energy efficiency in the Non IT industries Industry Smart motors Industrial process automation Dematerialization* (reduce production of DVDs, paper) Transport Smart logistics Private transport optimization Dematerialization (e-commerce, videoconferencing, teleworking) Efficient vehicles (plug-ins and smart cars) Traffic flow monitoring, planning and simulation Buildings Smart logistics† Smart buildings Dematerialization (teleworking) Smart grid‡ Power Smart grid Efficient generation of power, ) combined heat and power (CHP)

16 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices ICT Applications: Grid and cloud computing Environmental models for data sets and complex environmental variables Numerical analysis, simulation and modeling for understanding climate change Geographic information systems for Early warning, environment management, conservation and de-mining etc.. Green computing (using computing resources efficiently) Use of ICT for Environmental Analysis

17 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Use of ICT for Environmental Planning Environmental planning and decision-making Applications: GIS image processing systems for time-based or geographical analysis; Land use and classification and vegetation mapping systems Decision support systems and e-Government linkage to policy making; Data base management, computer models, Environment Management Information Systems

18 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Use of ICT for environment management and protection Managing the natural environment Land, water and atmospheric Specific natural areas or ecosystems such as coasts, i.e. coastal zone management systems, Systems for managing natural areas: parks, reserves, etc.; Managing the human environment Automation of environmental business in the public and private sector for e-Business or e-Government issue. Pollution control and management systems Adaptation of technology for zero carbon emissions. Energy and resource management systems, enterprise and facility management, manufacturing process, energy generation, transport, warehouse management, water use management, customs management systems, agricultural forestry management systems. Decision support systems related to natural resource planning and management; Intelligent community applications Environmental condition reporting

19 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices ICT for environment management capacity building Education about the environment – distance learning Online and digital learning about the environment – Online study programme. Public communication media – community radio, internet radio Environmental awareness kits – online CD-ROM Education about the forest cover in Rural Area Early warning system for disaster etc.

20 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Role of ICT in Addressing Climate Challenges Making Green happen through IT Develop IT solutions for environmental Analysis, planning, protection and management Emphasize on Virtualization and Tele-presence of business and human activities. Develop tools to increase energy efficiency in the Non IT industries Making IT Green Emphasis on Green products, Green Buildings, Convergence, Energy efficiency and Energy Conservation Green Data centers, consolidation and virtualization may be adopted E-waste management ICT is estimated to be responsible for 2% of global CO2 emission =aviation industry  From Manufacturer, distribution and power consumption of: PCs, Servers, Air Conditioning and Mobile phone systems.  Disposal of around half a million PCs, 22k servers and replacement of 1.5 million cell phones

21 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Spam and virus infected account for over 70% of all sent today is becoming more important than the phone Communication Staff increasingly want, need and expect the ability to work from home or on the road Mobile Workers Units need to work together and share information more quickly than ever Collaboration User tolerance for downtime is less than 30 minutes Increasing complexity, security and regulatory concerns Escalating End User Needs Increasing IT Burden Security Service Levels Management and Costs The Infrastructure Challenges

22 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices 1.Infrastructure Optimization Server Consolidation/Virtualization Greening Data Center– Power/Cooling Infrastructure Strategy Data Center Consolidation Network Upgrade 2. Enterprise Contracts Ruthless Standardization/leveraged buys  Hardware (Desktops PC’s & Servers)  Software (Database, GIS, etc.)  Tracking & Follow Up 4. Application/Project/Skill Optimization Application & Services Consolidation Retool IT Skills & Processes Reducing Overall Cost Increase On-time Delivery & Quality of Systems 3. Portfolio Management  Align business and IT strategies  Gain visibility into total IT investments: Labor & Non-labor Resource Management & Capacity Planning & Risk Mgmt IT Optimization Initiatives IT SERVICES OPTIMIZATION

23 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Using virtual tools for : oVirtual meetings & consultations, based on videoconferencing and audio- conferencing; oTele-education; oE-Health, including telemedicine, tele-care and remote assistance services; oFlexi-work; Developing “intelligent living” practices such as: oFlexible car ownership; oReduced energy consumption; oIntelligent building design; oIntelligent heating of buildings; Developing e-Commerce as a basis for business transactions; Promoting de-materialization through use of: oVirtual answering machines; oOnline billing; oWeb-taxation; oVideo and music on demand; Emphasize on Virtualization and Tele-presence of business and human activities.

24 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices video conferencing: if 20% of business travel in the EU 25 was replaced by video conferencing, this would save 22.3 million tonnes of CO2 audio conferencing: if 50% of EU workers replaced one meeting with one audio conference a year, this would save 2.2 million tonnes of CO2 flexi-work: if 10% of the EU 25 workforce were to become flexi-workers, this could save million tonnes of CO2 a year online billing: 100 million customers receiving online phone bills would save 109,100 tonnes of CO2 web-based tax returns: 193 million web-based tax returns would save 195,000 ton Contd… Emphasize on Virtualization and Tele-presence of business and human activities

25 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Green IT Objectives: Reduce IT material consumption Lower Costs Reduce IT power consumption Reduce cost to cool data centers/facilities Comply with anticipated legislation/regulations Results of Virtualizing: Reduced # of physical servers required to deliver same workloads Reduced cost to administer servers Infra. Reduced power consumption - fewer servers require less power Lowered data center temperature Fewer servers to eol at refresh in future New free floor space in data center Why Virtualization is a Required Component of Green IT

26 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices … or you could remove 3,505,401 cars and light trucks from company fleets. … or you could plant 502,440,757 tree seedlings and grow them for 10 years. … or you could manage and preserve 16,329,325 acres of pine forests per year. … or you could recycle 6,597,707 tons of company waste instead of sending to landfills. Green IT vs. Other Abatement Options

27 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Greening the Data Centre Solutions : From Chip to Chiller Cost energy Compute density Performance demand Decentralization & redundancy Environmental impact of IT Comprehensive green strategy The Issues Steps to Green Data Center IT Solutions Define your Green Data roadmap: 1.Understand the data center energy consumption model 2.Design strategies to address the entire IT chain from Chip to Chiller 3.Optimize, Manage & Automate the provisioning of energy 4.Leverage virtualized IT assets to improve utilization Dynamic Smart Cooling Service Blade System Virtualization & Consolidation Power Manageability Total Customer Experience Energy Optimized Servers Energy Efficient Components Integrity VSE Dynamic Smart Cooling

28 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Emphasize on Tele-presence, Virtualization, consolidation of Data Centers

29 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Emphasize on Tele-presence, Virtualization, consolidation of Data Centers

30 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Steps in Establishing “Green Commitments” by Corporate Set substantive goals Effective global goals should document integrated results Monitor & verify Must be transparent and verified by a reputed 3 rd party Design and implement Holistic plan addressing all aspects of the business 2005 to 2012 Goal- Achieve 12% reduction CO2 Industry Expertise Business Process Transformation Technology Innovation 1 2 3

31 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Developing Strategy Ensure governance, ICT and information strategies encapsulate environmental issues Issues policies that guide behaviour in relation to exploiting green capacity of ICT, eg local approach to flexible working Measuring the Impact Measuring the data centre power consumption Build sound environmental assessment into your business ceases. Experiment with carbon Rol calculations Managing the life-cycle of ICT equipment Procurement Go beyond regulatory requirements by specifying greener equipment Review fixed-term technology refresh deals Collaborate to aggregate purchasing power. Insist that manufacturers disclose their products full environmental impact Use Enable power management Raise awareness of energy draw of equipment plugged in at mains and an ‘always on’ internet connection Switch laptop and desktop users to laptop only Implement hardware efficiency options on existing machines and / or specify these in purchases. Disposal Investigate re-using equipment that is no longer wanted and it is not completely cut dated. Reducing carbon emissions from the data centre Consolidate and then virtualise servers Redesign the server room to optimize airflow for cooling Print and paper Plan to replace single user printers with group printers Ensure group printers are energy efficient and go into standby mode quickly Actions in Establishing “Green Commitments” by Corporate

32 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Corporate Social Responsibilities, Policies and Execution

33 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Commitment of Big IT Companies-IBM

34 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Cisco’s virtualization solutions slow the growth of power demand through increased utilization while reducing component count. Cisco’s next-generation products and solutions will further reduce power consumption at the systems level Cisco is focused on environmental concerns from executive direction to individual product design Cisco’s CA group provides services for power and cooling auditing as a “Network Readiness Assessment” to assist with facilities support planning Commitment of Big IT Companies-CISCO

35 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices Commitment of Big IT Companies-HP Optimizing from chip to chiller, Services to increase the savings

36 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices What Managers Should Do??? Managers Should : Be aware of the impact of increasing GHGs on climate change. Frame policies to reduce emission of GHGs emissions. Guarantee the research and development funding for green IT. Reduce IT materials and IT power consumptions Use technologies such as virtualization for green data center. Follow the government policies related to green IT

37 National Conference on Innovations in Management Practices To sum up…. 1.Adoption to climate change is a reality 2.ICT could facilitate in understanding the intricacies of the climate change 3.ICT can make Green happen through enhancing its usage and applications 4.Carbon trading and adoption of IT solution would lead to sustainable global trade 5.Managers need to understand the impact of GHGs and should prepare frame work and architecture towards the creation of Green datacenters and server virtualization 6.Govt. is also framing policies and public awareness towards e-environment. 7.We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them

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