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® Microsoft Office 2010 Essential Computer Concepts.

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Presentation on theme: "® Microsoft Office 2010 Essential Computer Concepts."— Presentation transcript:

1 ® Microsoft Office 2010 Essential Computer Concepts

2 XP Objectives Compare the types of computers Describe the components of a computer system Examine data representation and the ASCII code Learn about processing hardware Define memory and storage Describe input and output peripheral devices 2Essential Computer Concepts

3 XP Objectives Identify the hardware and software that are used for data communications and to establish a network connection Explain how Internet access, , and the World Wide Web affect the use of computers Describe potential security threats to computers and protection methods Discuss the types of system software and their functions Identify popular application software Learn about cloud computing 3Essential Computer Concepts

4 XP Computer Advertisement Essential Computer Concepts4

5 XP What Is a Computer? A computer is an electronic device that accepts information and instructions from a user, manipulates the information according to the instructions, displays the information in some way, and stores the information for retrieval later 5Essential Computer Concepts

6 XP Types of Computers PC: – Desktop computers – Notebook (laptop) computers – Tablet PCs – Subnotebook computers – Netbooks Slate computers Handheld computers – Smartphones – MP3 players Mainframe computers Supercomputers 6Essential Computer Concepts

7 XP Types of Computers 7 Essential Computer Concepts

8 XP Computer Systems Includes computer hardware and software – Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer – Software refers to the intangible components of a computer system, particularly the programs, or lists of instructions, the computer needs to perform a specific task The design and construction of the hardware of a particular computer is referred to as its architecture or configuration The technical details about each component are called specifications 8Essential Computer Concepts

9 XP Data Representation Data refers to the words, numbers, figures, sounds, and graphics that describe people, events, things, and ideas Binary digits (bits) A series of eight bits is called a byte – Kilobyte (KB or K) – Megabyte (MB) – Gigabyte (GB) – Terabyte (TB) ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange 9Essential Computer Concepts

10 XP Data Representation Essential Computer Concepts10

11 XP Processing Hardware The motherboard is the main electronic component of the computer – Circuit board The microprocessor is one of the most important pieces of processing hardware on the motherboard. It contains: ALU,CU, its speed measured by megahertz Cards are removable circuit boards 11 Essential Computer Concepts

12 XP Memory Random access memory (RAM) – Volatile memory – SDRAM: synchronized with the CPU Cache memory (RAM cache or CPU cache):faster access to the CPU. Virtual memory: use the permanent storage device. 12Essential Computer Concepts

13 XP Memory Read-only memory (ROM) – BIOS: set of instructions that tells the computer how to start. – Boot process: set of events between you turn on the PC and be able to use it. – Nonvolatile memory: it remains even if the computer turned off. Complementary metal oxide semiconductor memory (CMOS): have a rechargeable battery and store the date and time. it changes every time you add or remove a hardware Semipermanent memory. 13Essential Computer Concepts

14 XP Storage Media A computer file is a named collection of stored data An executable file contains the instructions that tell a computer how to perform a specific task A data file is created by a user 14Essential Computer Concepts

15 XP Storage Media Magnetic storage media – A hard disk contains several magnetic oxide- covered metal platters that are usually sealed in a case inside the computer 15 Essential Computer Concepts

16 XP Storage Media Optical storage device – CD – DVD – CD-R – CD-RW – CD-ROM – DVD-R – DVD+R – DVD-RW – DVD+RW – BD-RE 16 Essential Computer Concepts

17 XP Storage Media Flash memory – Solid state storage: expensive used as hard drive. – Flash memory cards – USB flash storage device USB flash drive 17Essential Computer Concepts

18 XP Input and Output The data or instructions you type into the computer are called input The result of the computer processing your input is referred to as output Peripheral devices accomplish input and output functions 18Essential Computer Concepts

19 XP Input Devices You use an input device, such as a keyboard or a mouse, to input data and issue commands – Keyboard Ergonomic – Pointing device Controls the pointer – Mouse – Scroll wheel – Trackball – Touchpad – Pointing stick – Touchscreen consider an input/output device – Scanner 19Essential Computer Concepts

20 XP Output Devices Output devices show you the results of processing data – Monitor Flat panel LCD LED – Printer Laser Inkjet Dot matrix – Speakers 20 Essential Computer Concepts

21 XP Data Communications The transmission of text, numeric, voice, or video data from one computer to another or to a peripheral device is called data communications – Sender and receiver – Channel – Protocol Device driver (driver) 21Essential Computer Concepts

22 XP Data Bus This path between the microprocessor, RAM, and peripherals is called the data bus Controller card/Expansion card connected to each port and provide an electrical connection to peripheral devices and they plug into electronic connector on the motherboard called Expansion slot. 22Essential Computer Concepts

23 XP Networks A network connects one computer to other computers and peripheral devices, enabling you to share data and resources with others Network interface card (NIC) – LAN local area network – WAN wide area network – WLAN wireless local area network 23Essential Computer Concepts – PAN personal area network. – WiMax standard that allow users to connect over many miles to a LAN

24 XP Telecommunications Telecommunications means communicating over a comparatively long distance using a phone line or some other data conduit – Modem Digital and analog signals – DSL (digital subscriber line) Broadband connections: high speed connections. 24Essential Computer Concepts

25 XP The Internet The Internet is the largest network in the world, connecting millions of people – – World Wide Web: huge database of information stored in network servers and allow public access. Web page Web site: collection of webpages. 25 Essential Computer Concepts

26 XP Security Threats on Your Computer Security refers to the steps a computer owner takes to prevent unauthorized use of or damage to the computer – Malware Viruses: harmful programs – Antivirus software Spyware track the user and send the information back to the program creator. Adware display advertisements. 26 Essential Computer Concepts

27 XP Security Threats on Your Computer Firewall prevent other computers in the network from accessing your computer. Spoofed site that look like other site. Phishing sending s asking the users to click a link. Pharming redirect users from the actual site to the spoofed site. 27 Essential Computer Concepts

28 XP System Software Helps the computer carry out its basic operating tasks – Operating system System resource: any part of the computer system. Operating systems allocate resources. Multitasking the ability of starting and running more than one program. – Utilities: antivirus, screen saver – Programming Languages used to write a program 28 Essential Computer Concepts

29 XP Application Software Application software enables you to perform specific computer tasks, such as document production, spreadsheet calculations, and database management – Document production software 29Essential Computer Concepts

30 XP Application Software – Web site creation and management software – Spreadsheet software – Database management software 30Essential Computer Concepts

31 XP Application Software Presentation software 31Essential Computer Concepts

32 XP Application Software Essential Computer Concepts32 Photo editing software Video editing software Multimedia authoring software Accounting software Information management software

33 XP Computing in the Cloud Cloud computing means that data, applications, and even resources are stored on servers accessed over the Internet rather than on users’ computers, and you access only what you need when you need it – Windows Live SkyDrive Essential Computer Concepts33


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