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Figure 28.1 The duration of sleep
Figure 28.1 The duration of sleep (Part 1)
Figure 28.1 The duration of sleep (Part 2)
Figure 28.2 Circadian rhythmicity of core body temperature and growth hormone & cortisol levels
Box 28A Sleep Styles in Different Species
Box 28A Sleep Styles in Different Species (Part 1)
Box 28A Sleep Styles in Different Species (Part 2)
Figure 28.3 Consequences of total sleep deprivation in rats
Figure 28.3 Consequences of total sleep deprivation in rats (Part 1)
Figure 28.3 Consequences of total sleep deprivation in rats (Part 2)
Figure 28.4 Rhythm of waking and sleeping in isolation, with and without day–night cycle cues
Figure 28.5 Photoreceptors responsible for signaling circadian light changes
Figure 28.5 Photoreceptors responsible for signaling circadian light changes (Part 1)
Figure 28.5 Photoreceptors responsible for signaling circadian light changes (Part 2)
Figure 28.5 Photoreceptors responsible for signaling circadian light changes (Part 3)
Box 28B Molecular Mechanisms of Biological Clocks
Figure 28.6 EEG recordings during the first hour of sleep
Box 28C(1) Electroencephalography
Box 28C(2) Electroencephalography
Box 28C(3) Electroencephalography
Figure 28.7 Physiological changes during the various sleep states
Figure 28.7 Physiological changes during the various sleep states (Part 1)
Figure 28.7 Physiological changes during the various sleep states (Part 2)
Figure 28.7 Physiological changes during the various sleep states (Part 3)
Figure 28.8 Circuitry involved in decreased sensation and muscle paralysis during REM sleep
Figure 28.9 Activation of specific neural circuits triggers sleep and wakefulness
Figure Cortical regions whose activity changes during REM sleep
Figure Important nuclei in regulation of the sleep–wake cycle
Figure Important nuclei in regulation of the sleep–wake cycle (Part 1)
Figure Important nuclei in regulation of the sleep–wake cycle (Part 2)
Figure Important nuclei in regulation of the sleep–wake cycle (Part 3)
Figure Important nuclei in regulation of the sleep–wake cycle (Part 4)
Box 28E Drugs and Sleep
Figure Thalamocortical neuron activity in sleep and awake states
Figure Thalamocortical feedback loop and the generation of sleep spindles
Figure Thalamocortical feedback loop and the generation of sleep spindles (Part 1)
Figure Thalamocortical feedback loop and the generation of sleep spindles (Part 2)
Figure Summary scheme of sleep–wake states
Figure Sleep pattern of a patient with obstructive sleep apnea
Rhythms. Types of Rhythms Circadian: about 24 hours Ultradian: less than 24 hours.
SLEEP. BIOLOGICAL CLOCK (INTERNAL) Regulates the timing for sleep & body temperature in humans. Clocks are genetically programmed to enable organisms.
THE PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL CORRELATES OF SLEEP AND DREAMING Outline 1. Three Psychophysiological Measures of Sleep 2. The Five Stages of Sleep EEG.
Circadian rhythms Basic Neuroscience NBL 120 (2008)
Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst.
EEGs Monitor brain waves Wake people up in the midst of a sleep cycle or dream Eugene Aserinsky – discovered REM sleep › Works with Nathaniel.
Sleep. Internal Clock Circadian rhythm –Circum = about –Dies = day.
Chapter 9: States of Consciousness Module 20: Sleep, Dreams & Body Rhythms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMHus-0wFSo.
Homeostasis Definition Temperature regulation Poikilotherms – passive regulation Homeotherms – metabolic regulation Control theory – negative feedback.
What is Consciousness? Our awareness of ourselves and environment (slippery concept)
Sleep and Sleep Disorders. Neural Control of Sleep Sleep and waking are different states of arousal. Reticular activating system controls this.
Consciousness is awareness of yourself and your environment. Biological Rhythms These are periodic physiological fluctuations. Can affect physiological.
Sleep, Dreams, and Body Rhythms. Consciousness Awareness of yourself and your environment.
By: Taylor Johnson, Megan Kirkpatrick, Nicole Colonna, and Alex Angeli.
Daily Biological Rhythms Affect Teaching and Learning Kelly Pyzdrowski.
Circadian Rhythms- PEEL Sleep-Wake Cycle POINTMake your point. EVIDENCESupport it with psychological research. EXPLAINExplain what the research shows or.
Consciousness – Awareness of internal and external stimuli ◦ “personal awareness” ◦ Example.
Daily Bell Ringer What do you think it mean to be ‘conscious’ and ‘unconscious’? Due Tomorrow: M24 Questions!
Biological Rhythms & Sleep Is there a biological clock? Is there a role for environmental cues? Neural substrates of the clock –SCN –Pineal gland Sleep.
Sleep. Stages of sleep awake – alpha activity, regular, medium frequency 8-12 Hz (more prevalent with eyes closed); beta activity, irregular, low amplitude.
Chapter 5: Body rhythms and mental states. Understanding biological rhythms Biological rhythm A periodic, more or less regular fluctuation in a biological.
Topic 12 – Rhythms, Stress, and Associated Hormones.
Vander’s Human Physiology The Mechanisms of Body Function Tenth Edition by Widmaier Raff Strang © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Figures and tables from.
CONSCIOUSNESS, SLEEP AND DREAMS CHAPTER 7. CONTINUUM OF CONSCIOUSNESS Range of experiences Aware and alert Unaware and unconscious Levels of awareness.
Consciousness: Body rhythms and mental states chapter 5.
Night sleep Night sleep Scientific facts By Prof. Afaf El-Ansary.
Consciousness & Sleep Today’s Goal: Define the levels of consciousness and the stages of the sleep cycle.
Thinking About Psychology The Science of Mind and Behavior 3e Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown.
There is a lot of research that has been done providing evidence that we learn while we sleep Experiments have associated intense periods of daytime learning.
Variations in Consciousness. Levels of Awareness Controlled Automatic Daydreaming Altered states (meditation, hypnosis, drug use) Sleep Freud’s Unconscious.
AP Psychology 1. Daydreaming A common variation of consciousness in which attention shifts to memories, expectations, desires, or fantasies and away from.
Stages of Consciousness. History Wundt - __________________ James – ___________________ Behaviorism - _______________ Consciousness – able to study using.
Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 7: Sleep and Dreams Module 7 Sleep and Dreams.
© West Educational Publishing Consciousness C HAPTER 6 I n daily life, we change from one state of consciousness to another. The unseen world of body chemistry.
MODULE 23 SLEEP PATTERNS AND SLEEP THEORIES Unit 5 States of Consciousness.
The Science of Sleep Tina Locke. Sleep Patterns Weekdays: What time do you go to bed? What time do you wake up? Weekend days: What time do you go to bed?
Quick Review What is consciousness? Define preconscious, nonconscious, and unconscious, and subconcious. What is consciousness? Define preconscious, nonconscious,
Evolution of Sleep Wake Cycles Most living organisms, exhibit a circadian rest-activity rhythm Sleep-Wake may have evolved from rest-activity rhythm Sleep.
Chapter 9 Wakefulness and Sleep. Why Sleep? Functions of sleep include: –Restoration of the brain and body –Energy conservation –Memory consolidation/learning.
Consciousness – our awareness of ourselves and our environment. States of Consciousness Consciousness is the CEO of the mind. It is nature’s way of keeping.
1 Sleeping and Dreaming. 2 Waking Consciousness Selective Attention- The ability to focus conscious awareness on a particular stimulus. Demo- Human.
Neurobiology of Circadian Rhythms Daniel J. Buysse, M.D. Professor of Psychiatry University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh.
Sleep and Wakefulness (and Circadian Rhythms). What is Sleep?
Chapter 5: Variations in Consciousness. On the Nature of Consciousness Awareness of ________ and ________ Stimuli Variations on levels of _______ James.
Variations in Consciousness Chapter 5. n Have you ever spaced out while driving because you were deeply engrossed in thought? n You suddenly snap out.
Taking Neuroscience into the classroom Community Connection.
Sleep as a State of Consciousness Even when you are deeply asleep, your perceptual window is not completely shut –What is our evidence of this?
Chapter 9 Wakefulness and Sleep. Rhythms of Waking and Sleep Animals generate endogenous 24 hour cycles of wakefulness and sleep.
2.E.2 Regulation Timing and coordination of physiological events are regulated by multiple mechanisms.
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