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© West Educational Publishing Consciousness C HAPTER 6 I n daily life, we change from one state of consciousness to another. The unseen world of body chemistry controls our various levels of awareness. EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Levels of Consciousness Subconscious - Consciousness just below the level of awareness. It contains thoughts and ideas just out of our awareness. Unconscious - A deeper level of awareness is the unconscious. It contains thoughts and desires about which we have no true or direct knowledge. Consciousness - An organism’s or individual’s awareness of, or possibility of knowing what is happening inside or outside itself EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Biological Clocks Biological clocks are internal units that control parts of the body and which are regulated by nature. They operate on free- running cycles (under their own control). Through entrainment, some cycles can be modified to fit a different rhythm (sleep-wake cycle). EXIT
© West Educational Publishing The human body has a natural rhythm or cycle of sleep and wakefulness of 25 hours. Contrast this to the light-dark cycle of 24 hours. The human circadian rhythm is based on an entrained 24-hour cycle. Most people’s low points (temperature, blood pressure, and weakness ) generally fall between 3 a.m. and 5 a.m. Circadian Rhythms EXIT
© West Educational Publishing The Nature of Sleep and Dreams EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Brain Waves During Sleep Alpha waves are rather large waves associated with relaxed wakefulness. The frequency is between 8-12 cycles per second. Beta waves occur when we are awake. Delta waves occur less than 4 cycles per second. It is marked by reduced heart rate, respiration and temperature and is considered to be the deepest part of sleep. EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Facts about REM Sleep People have REM periods every ninety minutes. Each REM period in the night is slightly longer than the previous one. Rapid eye movement occurs. Vivid dreams and nightmares occur. Body is “paralyzed.” EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Non-REM Sleep Defined as non-rapid eye movement sleep. Physiological arousal decreases. The growth hormone is secreted during this time, thus why adolescents sleep so much. 80% of the sleep time is non-REM sleep. Sleep walking and talking occurs during this time. EXIT
© West Educational Publishing The Purpose of Dreaming One hypothesis about dreaming is that it is a time for the brain to replenish chemicals used up during the day and to process information. EXIT
© West Educational Publishing A second hypothesis says that dreams are used to work out problems experienced throughout the day. A third hypothesis about dreaming suggests that it gives the brain an opportunity to sift through and reorganize events of the day. It creates a dream to organize the events. We dream to make sense of the random situations. E=MC 2 EXIT
© West Educational Publishing The Psychology of Dreams Usually dreams contain everyday occurrences such as interactions with family, friends, school teachers, and so on. They also contain ideas about fears and inadequacies. Everyone dreams... EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Usually contain imagined conquests Take place outdoors more than indoors May be recurrent Usually involve running or jumping Usually involve strong emotions Contain visual, auditory, and even taste sensations. (About 50% of our dreams are in color. No one knows why.) Dream Content EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Practical Issues in Sleep If the body does not get enough sleep at the right point in the circadian cycle, the cycle gets off balance. If there is not enough REM, the body craves more. Many people walk and talk in their sleep. It is normal. It is not dangerous to awaken a sleepwalker, as long as the person feels safe and secure. Social Entrainment Walking and Talking EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Insomnia occurs when a person cannot get enough sleep to feel rested. People vary in the amount of sleep they need. Most people need at least five hours of sleep a night. Teens need a little more sleep than adults. The two most common reasons for insomnia are getting out of the circadian cycle and taking drugs and alcohol. Narcoleptics are people who instantly fall asleep any place and anywhere. Sleep apnea occurs when people stop breathing for ten seconds during sleep. Length of Sleep Sleep Disturbances EXIT
© West Educational Publishing No one can be hypnotized to do something they wouldn’t do anyway. Hypnosis Hypnosis is a state of relaxation. Attention is focused on certain objects, acts, or feelings. Anton Mesmer believed power came from magnetism. Hypnotic results really come from the power of suggestion to focus or block. Trances are periods of deep relaxation. EXIT
© West Educational Publishing Summary of Main Topics Covered Levels of Consciousness Biological Clocks Circadian Rhythms Sleep Dreams EXIT
CONSCIOUSNESS Chapter 6. I. Defining Consciousness Consciousness is a construct Can’t be seen or touched.
Chapter 7 States of Consciousness. Consciousness Consciousness our awareness of ourselves and our environments.
Ch 6 Consciousness. I. Defining Consciousness - the organism ’ s awareness of, or possibility of knowing what is happening inside or outside itself.
PSYCHOLOGY: CONSCIOUSNESS Subconscious. Consciousness is the awareness of or the possibility of knowing what is happening inside or outside the organism.
Sleep and Dreams. Sleep When we first fall asleep. First house is the deepest period of sleep. Blood pressure, heart rate and breathing fall.
Warm-Up Describe a recurring dream that you have. What do you think that dream means?
FREUD’S LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS Unconscious level: selfish needs, irrational wishes, immoral urges, fears, violent motives, unacceptable desires, shameful.
States of Consciousness Waking and Sleeping Rhythms.
DO NOW: Complete the Sleep QUIZ Handout. Be ready to discuss both to the entire class. Complete the Sleep QUIZ Handout. Be ready to discuss both to the.
Chapter 5 States of Consciousness California Dreaming – The Mamas and the Papas.
States of Consciousness. Consciousness The awareness we have of ourselves and our environment.
Chapter 7 Altered States of Consciousness. Section 1 - Sleep and Dreams We spend 1/3 of our lives sleeping Sleep is a state of altered consciousness characterized.
Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 7: Sleep and Dreams Module 7 Sleep and Dreams.
Chapter 5 Altered States of Consciousness. Bell ringer!!!!! Write down the most vivid dream that you have had recently. Try to recall specific details.
States of Consciousness. Consciousness – the awareness of ourselves and our environment – Ex: Altered States – unaware of ourselves and our environment.
Consciousness, Sleep, & Dreams. When we are awake we are? In a state of Consciousness An awareness of ourselves and our surroundings.
Anatomy of Sleep ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ. Did you know…..? The body rests during sleep. The brain remains active.
Consciousness Chapter 4. Consciousness Consciousness - a person’s awareness of everything that is going on around him or her at any given moment. Waking.
States of consciousness Waking, Sleep, Dreaming. What is consciousness? Root of psychology as a science State of awareness.
Sleep & Dreams. SLEEP & DREAMS: MY Q’S What happens during an altered state of consciousness? What is the difference between explicit and implicit reasoning?
Sleep and Dreams Chapter 5, Section 2. We spend about 1/3 of our lives sleeping. Circadian Rhythms – biological clocks that govern our bodily changes.
LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS, SLEEP & DREAMING, SLEEP DISORDERS, HYPNOSIS AND DRUGS States of Consciousness.
States of Consciousness Conscious Controlled Process Automatic Process Daydreaming Unconscious Sleep Altered States.
Variations in Consciousness Chapter 5. On the Nature of Consciousness consciousness- the awareness of internal and external stimuli three levels of.
Consciousness & Dreams. Consciousness Our awareness of ourselves & our environment Consciousness is the headlines of a newspaper Summaries of brain activity.
Matrissya Hermita. The continuum of consciousness wide range of experiences, from being acutely aware and alert to being totally unaware and unresponsive.
Consciousness & the Two-Track Mind. What is the difference between the brain and the mind? “The mind is what the brain does”
Section II – Sleep and Dreams Objective - Describe the stages of sleep and list possible sleep problems.
CONSCIOUSNESS IS DEFINED AS THE AWARENESS OF OURSELVES AND OUR ENVIRONMENT.
Levels of Consciousness Consciousness and Sleep. Types of Awareness Types of awareness that make up our consciousness: –External Sensory perception Awareness.
Consciousness: a state of awareness, including a person’s feelings, sensations, ideas, and perceptions.
States of Consciousness need to knows! By: Dani Lenzo & Amanda Spencer.
What is Consciousness? Our awareness of ourselves and environment (slippery concept)
Daily Bell Ringer What do you think it mean to be ‘conscious’ and ‘unconscious’? Due Tomorrow: M24 Questions!
Sleep, Dreams, and Body Rhythms. Consciousness Awareness of yourself and your environment.
Chapter 5. Consciousness Consciousness is an awareness of our internal and external stimuli Variations in consciousness are measured with an EEG (electroencephalogram)
Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (6th Edition in Modules) Module 15 Waking and Sleeping Rhythms James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers.
Sleep Stages Professor Ken Daley Department of Exercise and Sport Science.
Chapter 9: States of Consciousness Module 20: Sleep, Dreams & Body Rhythms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMHus-0wFSo.
Ms. Carmelitano. Consciousness: our awareness of ourselves and our environment Includes: Mental Processes Thoughts Feelings Perceptions
List What are 5 things that you absolutely must do on a daily basis?
AWARENESS OF YOURSELF AND YOUR ENVIRONMENT Consciousness.
Consciousness Chapter 5 Chapter 5 work 1.Track your dreams for interpretation 2.Keep a record of the number of hours you and other members of your family.
Stages of Consciousness. History Wundt - __________________ James – ___________________ Behaviorism - _______________ Consciousness – able to study using.
Quick Review What is consciousness? Define preconscious, nonconscious, and unconscious, and subconcious. What is consciousness? Define preconscious, nonconscious,
Psychology Video: Teenagers and Sleep Psychology Video: Teenagers and Sleep.
C. as Sensory Awareness- aware of things outside yourself C. as Direct Inner Awareness- aware of things inside yourself C. as Sense of Self- aware.
Chapter 5 States of Consciousness. Levels of Consciousness Conscious: Brain processes of which we are aware (feelings, thoughts, perceptions) Preconscious:
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