Presentation on theme: "Israel and Arab Lands Arabic Islam Israel. Objectives Identify the Arab-speaking nations on a blank map. Identify three ways most people of this area."— Presentation transcript:
Israel and Arab Lands Arabic Islam Israel
Objectives Identify the Arab-speaking nations on a blank map. Identify three ways most people of this area are similar. State three ways Israel is different from other nations in this area. Recognize the purpose of OPEC. Explain why people live where they do and why they don’t live where they don’t.
Terms and Places Islam is the majority religion of this area. Arabic is the majority language of this area. Suez Canal connects Mediterranean with the Indian Ocean. OPEC is the Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries. Israel is the nation that is the exception. The Atlas Mountains lie on the northwest corner of Africa.
Europe and Russia on the north The southern edge of the Sahara Desert The high mts of China and Where are the borders of the Moslem World? India
The Moslem World is in both north Africa and Southwest Asia. First, we’ll look at Israel and nations that speak Arabic. Then we’ll look at the southwest Asian nations that speak other languages.
North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula are united by a common language.
Arabic is written from right to left. Written Arabic is alphabetic, meaning it has a symbol for each sound.
Atlas Mts. & Coast Nile River and Delta Terrain Regions of North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula Three fertile areas And Two desert areas Mesopotamia Sahara Desert Arabian Deserts
Atlas Mts. & coast The Atlas Mountains. Morocco. The coast near Tripoli
Very few people live here. Sahara Desert An erg is a sea of dunes. Old volcanic rock The hammada are rocky plains. The Sahara desert is the largest in the world after Antarctica. An oasis is a small source of water in the desert. Knowing the location of oases is vital for crossing the desert alive. The desert has several types of terrain. Atlas Mts. & Coast
Nile River and Delta The Nile Delta is the most fertile area in the region. 95% of Egyptians live here. Sahara Desert Annual flooding brings new soil onto the land around the river.
Atlas Mts. & Coast The Najd is a plateau that offers some grazing. Arabian Deserts The “Empty Quarter” is a desert of sand in the south. It contains some of the deepest sand in the world, sometimes 600 feet deep. Sahara Desert The Nefud is a stony desert to the north Nile River and Delta
The Sahara Desert is almost empty of people The people of north Africa and the Arabian Peninsula live along the coast and along the Nile. An important exception would be Riyadh, the largest city in Saudi Arabia.
Shia or Shiite Moslem Sunni Moslem Non-Moslem Religions Ibadhi Moslem Iran Saudi Arabia Oman EgyptLibya People who are members of Islam are called Moslems. Islam is the main religion of this area.
The Suez Canal was dug connecting the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea. This shortened the trip from India to London by over 5,000 miles!
Several countries of north Africa and southwest Asia are members of an organization named OPEC. Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries
How does the oil in the Middle East compare to other parts of the world?
One important exception in this region is the tiny country of Israel.
Israel is not a Muslim state. It is a Jewish state. However, not everyone that lives here is Jewish. There is no oil or petroleum in Israel. The people of Israel do not speak Arabic; they speak Hebrew.
The Hebrew Language is also written alphabetically.
This is the Dome of the Rock. It is a mosque, a place of worship for Muslims. It is in Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel. It sits on the site of the temple of the Jews, which was destroyed long ago. This makes some Jewish Israelis angry.
This is a map of Israeli settlements in an area called “the West Bank”. Many Muslims feel that this should be their part of the land. They feel that the Jewish Israelis are moving in to take over. This makes some Muslims of the area angry.
Too many people in this part of the world are angry.
What is the color of the map that most correctly shows the Arabic-speaking nations? Which of the following is in Arabic? Burmese Sanskrit Thai Arabic What is the major religion of this area? Muslim / Islamic
What is the purpose of OPEC? OPEC is designed to spread the beliefs of Islam. OPEC tries to keep the peace in the Middle East. OPEC tries to regulate the price of oil. Which best describes where most people live in Arab-Speaking lands? They live along the valleys and the forests. They live along the coasts and rivers. They live in the mountains and the deserts. Which is NOT one of the reasons that Israel is different from the other nations in this area? Religion Natural resources Language Climate What is the major religion of Israel? Jewish What does the Suez connect? The Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean The Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean The Caspian Sea with the Black Sea The Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean
Please read: “Deserts in Africa.” and “Desert Living.” pgs about one page “Cultures of North Africa.” World Studies: Africa. Pearson-Prentice- Hall, pgs about four pages