2 Objectives Identify the Arab-speaking nations on a blank map. Identify three ways most people of this area are similar.State three ways Israel is different from other nations in this area.Recognize the purpose of OPEC.Explain why people live where they do and why they don’t live where they don’t.
3 Terms and Places Islam is the majority religion of this area. Arabic is the majority language of this area.Suez Canal connects Mediterranean with the Indian Ocean.OPEC is the Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries.Israel is the nation that is the exception.The Atlas Mountains lie on the northwest corner of Africa.
4 Europe and Russia on the north The high mts of ChinaWhere are the borders of the Moslem World?andIndiaThe southern edge of the Sahara Desert
5 The Moslem World is in both north Africa and Southwest Asia. Then we’ll look at the southwest Asian nations that speak other languages.The Moslem World is in both north Africa and Southwest Asia.First, we’ll look at Israel and nations that speak Arabic.
6 North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula are united by a common language.
7 Arabic is written from right to left. Written Arabic is alphabetic, meaning it has a symbol for each sound.
9 Terrain Regions of North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula Atlas Mts. & CoastMesopotamiaArabian DesertsSahara DesertNile River and DeltaTerrain Regions of North Africa and the Arabian PeninsulaThree fertile areasAndTwo desert areas
10 Atlas Mts. & coast Morocco. The coast near Tripoli The Atlas Mountains.
11 Sahara Desert Atlas Mts. & Coast The hammada are rocky plains. Old volcanic rockAn erg is a sea of dunes.The Sahara desert is the largest in the world after Antarctica.Very few people live here.The desert has several types of terrain.An oasis is a small source of water in the desert. Knowing the location of oases is vital for crossing the desert alive.
12 Sahara Desert Nile River and Delta Atlas Mts. & Coast Annual flooding brings new soil onto the land around the river.The Nile Delta is the most fertile area in the region.95% of Egyptians live here.
13 Arabian Deserts Sahara Desert Atlas Mts. & CoastArabian DesertsSahara DesertNile River and DeltaThe Nefud is a stony desert to the northThe “Empty Quarter” is a desert of sand in the south. It contains some of the deepest sand in the world, sometimes 600 feet deep.The Najd is a plateau that offers some grazing.
14 The Sahara Desert is almost empty of people The people of north Africa and the Arabian Peninsula live along the coast and along the Nile.An important exception would be Riyadh, the largest city in Saudi Arabia.
15 Islam is the main religion of this area. Shia or Shiite MoslemSunni MoslemIranLibyaEgyptSaudi ArabiaIbadhi MoslemOmanNon-Moslem ReligionsIslam is the main religion of this area.People who are members of Islam are called Moslems.
16 This shortened the trip from India to London by over 5,000 miles! The Suez Canal was dug connecting the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea.
17 Several countries of north Africa and southwest Asia are members of an organization named OPEC . Organization forPetroleumExportingCountries
18 How does the oil in the Middle East compare to other parts of the world?
19 One important exception in this region is the tiny country of Israel.
20 Israel is not a Muslim state. It is a Jewish state. However, not everyone that lives here is Jewish.There is no oil or petroleum in Israel.The people of Israel do not speak Arabic; they speak Hebrew.
21 The Hebrew Language is also written alphabetically.
22 This makes some Jewish Israelis angry. This is the Dome of the Rock. It is a mosque, a place of worship for Muslims.This makes some Jewish Israelis angry.It is in Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel.It sits on the site of the temple of the Jews, which was destroyed long ago.
23 Many Muslims feel that this should be their part of the land. This is a map of Israeli settlements in an area called “the West Bank”.Many Muslims feel that this should be their part of the land.They feel that the Jewish Israelis are moving in to take over.This makes some Muslims of the area angry.
24 Too many people in this part of the world are angry.
25 Which of the following is in Arabic? What is the color of the map that most correctly shows the Arabic-speaking nations?Which of the following is in Arabic?BurmeseArabicWhat is the major religion of this area?Muslim / IslamicSanskritThai
26 What is the purpose of OPEC? Which best describes where most people live in Arab-Speaking lands?OPEC is designed to spread the beliefs of Islam.They live along the valleys and the forests.OPEC tries to keep the peace in the Middle East.They live along the coasts and rivers.OPEC tries to regulate the price of oil.They live in the mountains and the deserts.Which is NOT one of the reasons that Israel is different from the other nations in this area?What does the Suez connect?The Arabian Sea and the Indian OceanReligionNatural resourcesThe Mediterranean and the Indian OceanLanguageThe Caspian Sea with the Black SeaClimateWhat is the major religion of Israel?The Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic OceanJewish
27 Please read:“Deserts in Africa.” and “Desert Living.” pgs about one page“Cultures of North Africa.” World Studies: Africa. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, pgs about four pages