2Different Names for the Same Thing Why are there so many names for the same place?Why are there so many names for the same place?Middle EastSouthwest AsiaCradle of CivilizationCrossroads of the WorldWhat do the names mean?What do the names mean?
3Middle EastThe “Middle East” links up three major continents and many different groups of people regard this area as an extremely important part of the world.The area received this name from the Europeans who referred to countries that were closer to Eastern Europe as the “Middle East” while countries that were further away were termed “Far East”.
4Cradle of Civilization Most of the archeological research shows that the first civilizations started in this part of the worldThis is NOT where humans first appeared, but it is where they first built their civilizations.
5Southwest AsiaThis term refers to the proper geographic region these countries fall into (they are literally located in SW Asia)
6Crossroads of the World The use of this phrase comes from the fact the these countries link up three major continents (Asia, Europe and Africa) and many peoples passed through, settled and exchanged ideas here.
7Eastern Mediterranean An area of mostly arid/desert climates with some areas that receive rain located mostly along the coast of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 195&199
8TurkeyTurkey has two major mountain ranges, the Pontic Mountains in the north and the Taurus Mountains in the South.
9Physical Features (Land) Turkey is located both in the continent of Europe and Asia (p. 195)
10Physical Features (Land) contd. Syrian Desert: a desert that covers most of Syria and Jordan and is made up of mostly rock and gravel (p.106)Negev Desert: a desert that is located mostly in southern Israel (p.197)
11Physical Features (Water) Bosporus: a waterway that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea (see pg. 198).Very important for TRADE because many ships travel through here.Jordan River: begins in Syria and flows south through Israel and Jordan where it empties into the Dead Sea. (p. 195)
12The Jordan River System: Israel & Jordan--A Fight Over Water Rights?
13Dead Sea: a large lake located on the border of Israel and Jordan that is extremely salty only allowing bacteria to grow there and it’s the lowest point on earth. (see pg. 197)
14Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth 2,300’ below sea levelHighest Salt Content (33%)
15Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and Iran A region dominated by deserts with some areas receiving rainfall near Mountain ranges and coastlines. (p.221)Climate can be very hot and very cold because the desert experiences extreme temperatures since it has little moisture to moderate the temperature. (p. 222)
16Physical Features (Land) Rub al-Khali (a.k.a. “Empty Quarter”): a desert located mostly in southern Saudi Arabia and is the largest all-sand desert in the world. (p.106)Fertile Crescent: a region that stretches from the Mediterranean sea and stretches to the Persian Gulf including most of the area between and around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. (p.231)
21Physical Features (Land) Iran is one of the most mountainous countries in the world. (p. 221)West: Zagros Mtns.North: Elburz Mtns.Most of Iran is desert but the mountains and portions of the desert do have trees. (p. 221)
24Physical Features (Water) Persian Gulf: large body of water borders by Saudi Arabia to the West, Kuwait/Iraq to the North and Iran to the East. (p.221)Many important ports are located along this body of water because a lot of the world’s oil is shipped out from here.
25Tigris and Euphrates Rivers: Rivers that mostly run through what is modern day Iraq. The land between the two rivers is very rich and fertile and gave rise to some of the first civilizations in the world. (Q#9)Red Sea: major body of water located West of the Arabian Peninsula (Q#8)
26The Tigris & Euphrates River System Mesopotamia: ”Land Between the Two Rivers”Marsh Arabs, So. Iraq
27Dust Storms Along the Tigris-Euphrates Flood Plains
28Suez CanalSuez Canal: body of water located in Egypt that “connects” the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. (p.106)Very important for trade because many of the goods from Europe and the Far East travel through hereMakes a lot of money for the Egyptians because they charge fees to pass through.
30Bodies of Water Caspian Sea Black Sea Dardanelles Strait Atlantic OceanTigris RiverMediterranean SeaEuphrates RiverJordan RiverSuez CanalStrait of HormuzPersian GulfNile RiverGulf of OmanRed SeaArabian SeaGulf of AdenIndian Ocean
31The Middle East Today: Political Map 24516-->7<--83
39Middle East ResourcesThe two most important resources in the Middle East are WATER and OIL.
40Resources: WaterWater: There is little of this resource in this arid climate and it is vital to one’s survival. (drink, grow food)Irrigation: to supply an area of land with water by means of ditches, canals, pipes or some man made method.
46Resources: OilOil: There is a lot of this resource throughout the region making many Middle Eastern countries very wealthy.However, there are some countries that do not have a lot of oil reserves and they are eitherPoor ORSuccessful because they have developed another part of their economy.(I.E.) Israel: leader in the diamond cutting industry and other technology businesses.
47Resource Oil (Contd.) KEY CONCEPT STATEMENT: More Oil More $ More Buildings (i.e. schools, hospitals, police, fire, roads) Better education, health, trade/economy Better standard of living (life)